Pulau Dua Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Pulau Dua Nature Reserve

Pulau Dua, island, Pulau Dua Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam

Pulau Dua Nature Reserve, West Java.


The Pulau Dua Nature Reserve, also known as Pulau Dua Bird Sanctuary, is a 30 ha. bird reserve in north-west Java. About 10,000-15,000 colonial breeding birds like herons, egrets, comorants and ibis breed here during the breeding season.

Pulau Dua is a 8 ha. low-lying island seperated from W Java by a shallow stretch of (intertidal) mudflats, partly recently colonized by mangrove trees. The northern part of the island mainly consists of Diospyros forest while the southern part is dominated by mangrove forests. The central part of the island is affected by former cultivation and consists of a vegetation dominated by Hibiscus tiliaceus.

The reserve is accessible from Karanghantu harbour in Banten. From this harbour, take a boat to the island or simply walk over at low-tide.

You can get to Banten via Serang:

* From Kalideres station in Jakarta take a bus (toll-road) to Serang (95 km, 2 hour). From Pasar Lama station in Serang mini-buses go to Banten.
* From Tanah Abang station in Jakarta take a train to Merak. Get out in Serang and take the mini-bus to Banten.
* From Sumatra take the ferry to Merak. From Merak take a train to Jakarta, get off in Serang and take the mini-bus.

Permits for Pulau Dua are available at the PHPA office in Serang.

There is a simple guesthouse and PHPA office on the island. No food. Guides can be arranged at the PHPA office.

PHPA, Serang


* Acanthus ilicifolius
* Aegiceras corniculatum
* Allophylus cobbe
* Avicennia marina
* Barteria prionitis
* Bruguiera cylindrica
* Diospyros maritima
* Erythrina variegata
* Eupatorium odoratum
* Hibiscus tiliaceus
* Ipomoea pes-caprae
* Ipomoea trichosperma
* Ipomoea tuba
* Ixora timorensis
* Lantana camara
* Lumnitzera racemosa
* Opuntia vulgaris
* Pluchea indica
* Rhizophora spp.
* Scirpus spp.
* Sonneratia alba
* Sterculia foetida
* Suaeda maritima
* Tamarindus indicus

* Fishing cat – Prionailurus viverrinus

* Cotton Pygmy-goose – Nettapus coromandelianus
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Barred Buttonquail – Turnix suscitator
* Small Blue Kingfisher – Alcedo coerulescens
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* Barn Owl – Tyto alba
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Savanna Nightjar – Caprimulgus affinis
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Island Collared-Dove – Streptopelia bitorquata
* Zebra Dove – Geopelia striata
* Slaty-breasted Rail – Gallirallus striatus
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Great Knot – Calidris tenuirostris
* Sanderling – Calidris alba
* Rufous-necked Stint – Calidris ruficollis
* Long-toed Stint – Calidris subminuta
* Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
* White-headed Stilt – Himantopus leucocephalus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius
* Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii
* Oriental Plover – Charadrius veredus
* Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum
* Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica

* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Lesser Crested-Tern – Sterna bengalensis
* Roseate Tern – Sterna dougallii
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Oriental Honey-buzzard – Pernis ptilorhyncus
* Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Chinese Goshawk – Accipiter soloensis
* Japanese Sparrow-hawk – Accipiter gularis
* Peregrine Falcon – Falco peregrinus
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Cormorant – Phalacrocorax niger
* Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
* Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus
* Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus
* Royal Spoonbill – Platalea regia
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
* Christmas Island Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsi
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
* Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
* Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa ceylonensis
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* Purple-backed Starling – Sturnus sturninus
* Asian Pied Starling – Sturnus contra
* Black-winged Starling – Sturnus melanopterus
* Pale-bellied Myna – Acridotheres cinereus
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Asian House-Martin – Delichon dasypus
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis
* Bar-winged Prinia – Prinia familiaris
* Javan White-eye – Zosterops flavus
* Common Tailorbird – Orthotomus sutorius
* Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
* Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trochileum
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
* Streaked Weaver – Ploceus manyar
* Javan Munia – Lonchura leucogastroides
* Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata
* White-capped Munia – Lonchura ferruginosa
* White-headed Munia – Lonchura maja

* Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator

These islands (or in the case of Pulau Dua a former island now connected to the mainland at low tide) are both bird sanctuaries off the northwest coast of Java.

They act as nurseries for many coastal seabirds during the breeding season of March to July and also have a large resident population mostly of Storks, Herons and Cormorants.

Since Pulau Rambut is so much closer to Jakarta, it has inevitably been the most disturbed. In fine weather, it is visited by large numbers of not ecologically but idiotic minded tourists complete with transistor radios nearly every weekend. Pulau Dua is, therefore, the most valuable sanctuary with special permits required to go there and large groups of visitors are discouraged.

The vegetation on Pulau Rambut is quite dense where it has not been disturbed for firewood etc, and mangrove swamps cover a large area. Tall trees of 10-15 m are found along the shores and there is the usual beach vegetation. There is the ubiquitous -µgoats foot’ creeper so called because of the shape of its leaves.

Tree growth on Pulau Dua is much lower with the trees at 5-6m tall and the island is generally barer thought there is good stands of Diospa (an ebony species) at the northern end of the island.

The wildlife is minimal. Only monitor lizards and skinks are common besides the birdlife -√ Ibises (both the black-headed and the glossy) Egrets, Night Herons, Darters, Mynas, Starlings, Kingfishers, Sandpipers, Curlews and Sea eagles.

Getting There:

To Pulau Rambut the boat trip is about an hour from either Tanjung Priok or from the old harbour of Sunda Kelapa, near the Pasar Ikan.

Pulau Dua is in Banten Bay. Banten is 100 klms from Jakarta by road, Serang is 90klms, and Pulau Dua is near the estuary of the Serang River and is also accessible by land now that the mud flats between it and the mainland have been silted.

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