Pananjung Pangandaran Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Pananjung Pangandaran Nature Reserve

Pangandaran, Pananjung Pangandaran Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam

Latitude : 7 48 57 S Logitude : 108 39 30 E
Altitude : 0 to 150 metres
Area : 530 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Legislation : SK No. 170/Kpts/Um/3/78.
Tenure : Managed by PHPA
Pangandaran is a small peninsula on the southern coast of Java, approximately 40 km west of Cilacap. The peninsula is roughly rectangular in shape, with its highest axis lying in northwest-southeast direction. It is approximately 3km long and the greatest width is 2km viewed from the sea. P. Pangandaran appears as a broken rugged coastline, with precipitous cliffs and steep, narrow gullies skirting a forested plateau. Only in the north does the land slope more gently to sandy cloves and beaches. The plateau has river valleys radiating outward from the centre, with the largest draining towards the south and northwest. The valleys are separated by narrow steep sided ridges, sloping gently towards the coast and then dropping steeply to the shoreline ending abruptly in a cliff. Extensive coral formations are found at the northeast coast. There are also limestone cliffs on the southeast coast. Part of the vegetation cover of the peninsula consists of secondary forest. There are also a few small isolated remnants of primary forest around holy places. In the northern part of the reserve there are swampy areas in the valleys, characterized by the presence of Calamus sp. Principal vegetation: Barringtonia-formation with Barringtonia asiatica, Terminalia catappa, Calophyllum inophyllum.
Site Location
Pangandaran is reachable by train or bus from Bandung or Yogyakarta. Take a bus or train to Banjar from one of these cities. In Banjar take an other bus to Pananjung or Cijulang and get out in Pananjung (it’s 2 km to Pangandaran).


* Barringtonia asiatica
* Calamus spp.
* Calophyllum inophyllum
* Cratoxylum formosum
* Dillenia exelca
* Ficus variegata
* Psychotaria malayana
* Rafflesia patma
* Terminalia catappa
* Tetrastigma lanceolarium
* Vitex pinnata

* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Malayan flying lemur – Cynocephalus variegatus
* Large flying fox – Pteropus vampyrus
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Ebony leaf monkey – Trachypithecus auratus
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
* Small Indian civet – Viverricula indica
* Banteng – Bos javanicus
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Lesser mouse deer – Tragulus javanicus
* Javan short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix javanica
* Black giant squirrel – Ratufa bicolor

* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Green Junglefowl – Gallus varius
* Black-banded Barbet – Megalaima javensis
* Oriental Pied-Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Black-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx erithacus

* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Little Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia ruficeps
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
* Abbott’s Booby – Papasula abbotti
* Little Cormorant – Phalacrocorax niger
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Christmas Island Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsi
* Banded Pitta – Pitta guajana
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Ashy Drongo – Dicrurus leucophaeus
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
* Sooty-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus aurigaster
* Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
* Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
* Oriental White-eye – Zosterops palpebrosus
* Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum

* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator


* Surgeonfish – Acanthuridae
* Triggerfish – Balistidae
* Butterflyfish – Chaetodontidae
* Angelfish – Pomacanthidae
* Damselfish – Pomacentridae
* Puffer – Tetraodontidae


The topography of this area is gently land and only few patprt is hilly. The average rate of the height is 100 metres bove the sea – level. Most of the reas of the Natural Park are located in 75 metres above the sea – level. And the higest area is 140 metres above the sea.
The Climate in Natural Park and Wildlife Reserve of Pangandaran is very specific. It can be Classified in type B of Schmidt & Feguson Clssification. The average rate of the rainfall is 3,196 mm / year with the temperature 80 % – 90 %.
The most interesting vegetation available in this area is Rafflesi Padma which growa in this Natural Park, the other vegetations re old secondary forest vegetations, about 80 % and the rests are primary forest vegetations. Trees dominantly growhere are Vitex Pubescenses, Dilenia Excelsa and Crtoxylon Forsum.

There are still so,e other vegetations found in this area ; Buchanania Arborences, Ficus Variegata, Artocarpus Electra. From Barongtonia formation there are Callophylum Inophylum, Hibicus Teliaceus, Terminalia Cattapa and Barongtonia Asiatica. In lowland reas we can find cultivated forest consist of exotic plants such as Tectona Grandis, Swietenia Mahagoni and Acacia Auricoliformis
Pangandaran Wildlife Reserve & Natural Park has variuous potential fauna, such as Bulls (Bos Sondaicus), Muntiacus Muntjak, Cynecepalus Variegatus, Pteroptus Vampyrus, Macaca Fascicularies, Black Monkeys (Tracypithecus Ayratus), Anthracoceros Convexus, Buceros Rhinoceros and Fallus Gullus.

The Natural Park & Wildlife Reserve of Pangandaran can give good contibutions to societies in general. It can be used for recreation, scientific development, research and aducation. The Natural Park of Pangandaran is called as a Natural Laboratory where the natural lives inside re not so much disturbed. And Wildlife, marine life and vegetaions found here are so interesting. Pangandaran attracts tourist to do some enjoyable recreation activities. As a tourist resort Pangandaran has some spots to enjoy. The fascinating nature of this area can directly touch nd attact the tourists. Variuous wildlife, naturalcves, White Sandy beach and sea garden besides the beautiful Surrounding are really enjoyable tourist interests that can take us to our awareness that all are the God’s endwments for his people thet should be kept and maintained.


Swimming is a recreation activity can be done in the sea garden. Here too we can observe the life of liveng organisms in corl ea. Tourists can also observe the life of Wildlife in the forest.


It’s so easy to get to the Natural Park and Wildlife Reserve of Pngandaran. The road joined this area re commonly in good conditions. The route that can take us to this area is : Bandung – Tasikmalaya – Ciamis – Banjar – Pangandaran asfar as 223 kilometres

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