Muara Cimanuk Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Muara Cimanuk Nature Reserve


6-ª13′-6-ª20’S, 108-ª09′-108-ª19’E; 60 km NNW of Cirebon, Kabupaten Indramayu, West Java. Area:
7,127 ha.
Description of site:
An estuarine system with extensive mangrove forests, sandy beaches and some adjacent swamp forest. The area represents one of the largest remaining examples of mangrove swamp habitat on the north coast of Java. Large areas have, however, been reclaimed for fish ponds and agricultural land, and only 1,000 ha of mangrove forest near the Cimanuk River remain in a healthy condition. The tidal range is 0.5-Im.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate with an annual rainfall of 1,000-1,500 mm. The mean temperature is 27-ªC; the relative humidity varies from 65-78%.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove forest with Rhizophora mucronata. R. conjugata . Avicennia sp. Bruguiera parviflora, B. gymnorhiza, Sonneratia alba. S. acida, Aegiceras corniculatum, Ceriops eandoleana, Oncosperma filamentosa and Excoecaria agallocha. Plant communities in adjacent areas include Hibiscus tiliaceus, Xylocarpus granatum. Acrostichum aureum, Pandanus sp, Ficus resusa, Heritiera littoralis, Pluchea indica, Sesuvium portulacastrum, Paramignya littoralis and Acanthus ilicifolius.
Land tenure:
State owned (Forestry Department).
Conservation measures taken:

List of Birds (19 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Alcedo coerulescens
Ardea cinerea
Ardea purpurea
Ardeola speciosa
Egretta garzetta
Egretta sacra
Halcyon chloris
Ictinaetus malayensis App II
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Numenius phaeopus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Phalacrocorax niger
Phalacrocorax pygmaeus
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Plegadis falcinellus
Rostratula benghalensis
Tringa hypoleucos
Tringa stagnatilis List of Mammals (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Panthera pardus Endengered App I

List of Fish (7 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Chanos chanos
Lactoria cornuta
Mugil cephalus
Oreochromis mossambicus
Ostracion tuberculatus
Plotosus lineatus
Siganus vermiculatus


List of Crustaceans (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Macrobrachium sp.

List of Reptiles (6 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Boiga dendrophila
Mabuya multifasciata
Python sp.
Trimeresurus albolabris
Varanus salvator App II
Vipera russellii

List of Vegetations (11 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aegiceras corniculatum
Avicennia sp.
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Bruguiera parviflora
Ceriops candolleana
Excoecaria agallocha
Oncosperma filamentosa
Rhizophora conjugata
Rhizophora mucronata
Sonneratia acida
Sonneratia alba

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