Karang Kamulyan Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Karang Kamulyan Nature Reserve

Karang Kamulyan, Karang Kamulyan Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam

The Karang Kamulyan Nature Reserve is a little (25 ha) reserve near Ciamis in West Java. The reserve consists of a small area of tropical rainforest, bordered by the rivers Citanduy en Cimuntur. In the reserve are the remains of an acient Javan kingdom.
Karang Kamulyan Nature Reserve lies near the village Bojong, 12 km east of Ciamis. Ciamis lies 17 km east of Tasikmalaya at the Bandung-Yogyakarta railroad. It is reachable from both cities by train as well as by bus.
* Tasikmalaya
o Penginapan Sunda
o Hotel Tugu
o Hotel Kencana
o Hotel Widuri
* Ciamis
o Budi Famili


March 3, 2008 by thebangkong

According to the legend, Galuh kingdom with Karang Kamulyan as its capital city, existed in Tanah sunda (land of Sunda) in the pre-historic Hindu Buddhist stone period, until the beginning of the Islamic arrival to Banten in the 14th century. The remains of an ancient city of Karang Kamulyan can be found in Ciamis. Karang Kamulyan covers 25.5 square hectares. In Tanah Sunda was also the kingdom of Taruma Negara. An inscribed stone in the Sanskrit language, which is a relic from the Tarumanegara kingdom during the reign of King Purnawarman in 450 A.D. can still be found in the village of Ciaruteun Ilir, regency of Bogor. The kingdom was attacked and defeated by Srivijaya (a kingdom established in Sumatra island in 500 AD) in about 650 AD. The kingdoms of Pajajaran, and Sunda (later called Cirebon) came later. The largest kingdom among them was Pajajaran. It was founded by King Purana with Kawali (Ciamis) and then Pakuan (Bogor) as its capital. The most charismatic king of Pajajaran was Prabu Siliwangi (king Siliwangi). Concern of maintaining peaceful interactions (between Sundanese people) resulted in avoidance conflict between Pajajaran, Galuh and Sunda (Cirebon) kingdoms; there had never been wars among them. Even, when a son of Prabu Sana (a Pajajaran king) had an intention to build a new kingdom called Mataram, he developed and expanded his new kingdom to eastern areas instead of to western areas which had been developed by Pajajaran, Galuh, and Sunda (Cirebon) kingdoms. Eventually, Galuh merged with Pajajaran. By about the end of Pajajaran kingdom, Sundanese were animistic and worshiped gods and goddesses. They celled their faith as Sunda Wiwitan and they called their highest god as SanghiyangRumuhun. There was relatively minor Hindu influence in Tanah sunda, Candi Cangkuang, located at Cangkuang, regency of Garut, is the only Hindu shrine found in Tanah Sunda. It is thought to have been built by the early Sundanese kingdom of Galuh. Hindu influence just can be seen on Ramayana and Mahabarata myths, which are presented through the medium of puppet plays (describing the conflict between good and evil) and also many Sundanese names which are derived from Indian Sanskrit. When Islam came to TanahSunda, most of Sundanese accepted it. The first islamic kingdoms in Tanah Sunda were the Sultanate of Banten (Bantam) and the Sultanate of Cirebon. The Sultanate of Bantam was reached early in the sixteenth century by the Islamic wave coming westwards along the northern coast of Java island. One century later, the Sultanate shared with the Sultanate of Cirebon the role of most active islamic cities of Java island.

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