Aceh, Banda Aceh, Traditional Harbor

Written by on July 20, 2012 in Sumatera Traditional Villages with 0 Comments

Aceh, Banda Aceh, Traditional Harbor


The earliest Islamic kingdoms of Indonesia were along the northern coast of Aceh. A number of short, fast rivers descend from Bukit Barisan to this coast, and for centuries the river mouths gave protection to ships before and after the long journey over the Indian Ocean. In this way, harbours like Samudra-Pasai (Lhokseumawe), Tamiang (Langsa), Peureulak, Samalanga and Pidie (Sigli), were founded. During the 13th and 14th century these harbor cities converted to the Islam to be ruled by a powerful sultanate in Kotaraja (Banda Aceh) from the 16th century.

These old harbours nowadays are sleepy coastal cities, connected with each other by the 600-km-long highway Medan-Banda Aceh. The economy of this region was used to be based on rice, pepper and the plantation culture (rubber and oil-palms), but is now developing very fast because of the oil- and gas demand.

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