Aceh Lau Tapus Nature Reserves

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Aceh Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Lau Tapus Nature Reserves

Latitude : 2 8 24 N Logitude : 98 10 12 E
Altitude : 0 to 0 metres
Area : 12000 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Tenure : Government of Indonesia

Site Description
Lae Tapus swamps are swamp areas on flat catchment area of lae Tapus river(about 35km). These swamps have low elevation, nowhere being more than about 5-10m. Most of Lae Tapus wetlands originally consisted of swamp forest. Peat soil mostly occurs southwest of the river on Mendawai and some Gambut Land systems. To the northeast of the river, most remaining swamp forest areas are freshwater swamps. The remaining Lae Tapus swamps forest occurs from the border of North Sumatra upstream to Aceh province. Much of the swamp forest to the north of Lae Tapus has been converted to rice fields and little primary forest remains up to approximatelly the confluence with the Saragih river. Forest to the south of the Lau Tapus swamp have been logged and degraded, and converted to palm oil plantation, leaving only some patchy belt of riparian forest along the river. (Wibowo, et al., 1999). One of the few remaining beach forests backed by peat swamps. It is well forested and rich in bird life. Principal vegetation: Peat swamp.

Site Location
The nearest town to Lae Tapus swamp is Manduamas which is located on the Lae Tapus River, some 15km upstream of Lae Tapus estuary. From Sibolga, Manduamas can be reached either by car or by boat via Barus. Teh road from Barus to Manduamas was mostly unpaved and in bad condition. Regular public transport (minibus) from Sibolga to Manduamas usually takes about 4 hours. Lau Tapus is situated in Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah, North Sumatra. A coastal area, south west of Danau Toba, the site is approximately 15 km north of Barus and extends to the Aceh Province.

List of Birds (53 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Acridotheres javanicus
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo meninting
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anorrhinus galeritus
Anthracoceros albirostris App II
Anthracoceros malayanus Lower Risk App II
Apus affinis
Ardea purpurea
Blythipicus rubiginosus
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Centropus bengalensis
Chalcophaps indica
Chloropsis cyanopogon
Collocalia esculenta
Copsychus malabaricus
Copsychus saularis
Corvus enca
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
Cypsiurus balasiensis
Dendrocygna javanica
Dicaeum trochileum
Dicrurus paradiseus
Dryocopus javensis
Ducula aenea
Gerygone sulphurea
Gracula religiosa

Halcyon capensis
Halcyon pileata
Haliastur indus App II
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo tahitica
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ketupa ketupu App II
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Lonchura maja
Lonchura malacca
Loriculus galgulus App II
Merops viridis
Microhierax fringillarius App II
Orthotomus ruficeps
Passer montanus
Picus puniceus
Ploceus philippinus
Prinia familiaris
Prinia flaviventris
Pycnonotus goiavier
Reinwardtipicus validus
Rhaphidura leucopygialis
Spilornis cheela App II
Streptopelia chinensis
Treron vernans

List of Mammals (6 species) 

Species Red Data Book Cites
Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable 
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Macaca nemestrina Vulnerable App II
Presbytis melalophos App II
Symphalangus syndactylus Lower Risk App I
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II

List of Reptiles (5 species) 
Species Red Data Book Cites
Amyda cartilaginea 
Boiga dendrophila 
Python reticulatus App II
Trionyx cartilagineus 
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (7 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Archidendron clypearia 
Elaeocarpus sp. 
Eugenia spicata 
Ficus sp. 
Hanguana malayana 
Licuala paludosa 
Pandanus helicopus

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