Nias, Hinako, Batu, Island Map and Info

Written by on October 1, 2010 in Sumatera Maps with 0 Comments

Nias, Hinako, Batu, Island Map and Info

Nias Map, Nias, gunungsitoli, sorake beach surf

Hinako Islands

Hinako Islands, Hinako, asu, maruhawa, hutu langgu, heruanga, imana, bawa, bugi, hamutala, pulau, island

Batu Islands

Batu Islands, batu, island, pulau, pini, tanahmasa, tanahbala, mas, bojo

Nias Island Info

A small island, 130 km long and 45 km wide, Nias lying just 125 km off Sumatra’s west coast, administratively belonged to the North Sumatra, province. Like any other western isiand off Sumatra, Nias stands quite apart. Its rugged terrain, malarial climate and warlike population having served to isolate from the mainstream of Sumatran culture for many centuries. As a result, Nias never experienced the dramatic influx of Indian, Islam and Eur opean cultural influences to the degree these were felt in other areas. The islands’s inhabitants have instead followed their own line of development, building on an earlier Austronesian sub-strata of culture which they hold in common with other Indonesian peoples.
Today they are best known for their spectacular tribal art and architecture, a uniqye style that has fascinated generations of scholars and collectors. Not much is known about the island’s prehistory which is a pity, since the inhabitants have been working in durable stone and bronze for a very long time.
Indigenous oral histories agree on one point, that Nias culture -originated in the GomGRiver area in the central part of the island. Here the gods descended and begat the human race, and the Nias People today refer themselves as ono wha or ‘children of the people.
The Dutch assurned control of Nias in 1825, at first continuing the slave trade, thanks to its earlier firnes, Nias became known as a popular and plentiful source of slaves.
Early attempts were made in the 1830s to Christianize the island, with little suc­cess. But the arrival in 1865 of German Rhenish missionaries from Barmen marked the beginning of a major change in Nias society. Within a few years the entire north­em part of the island had been converted. Central and South Nias later succumbed not to the Bible but to brutal policing. Beginning of 1909, feligious art was clestroyed or confis­cated. in large quantities in South Nias.
Nias society is strictly hierarchic. The nobility (si’uIu or salawa, ‘that which is high’) do not intemarry with commoners (the sato or sihono, literally ‘the thousands’) and have certain special previleges. Slaves (sawuyu or harakana) were formerly important as servants and as trade items. They were not considered to be human and therefore had to live outside the village areas. The island’s three culture areas (North, Central and South Nias) now show great differences in language, art and custom. But from a Nias point of view the distinctions are much greater than this, as each region is subdivided into numerous village groups according totheir lineages. To the ono-niha, culture is thus defined on a village level and each village has itsown variations in art and custom.
During the Dutch colonial period Gunungsitoli was the center of Dutch ad­ministration and base for early German missionaries. Now,busy air traffic,, in midyear wher surfers from many coun­tries around the world coming to the Lagundri Beach in South Nias every day there are more than one flights connecting Med­an and Gunungsitoli.
The overland distance between Gunungsitoli and Teluk Dalam, which is around 120 km, can be reached through asphalted road by four wheeled minibuses in 4 hours. The island’s most spectacular area, is the South and its most important village is Bawornataluo, with a massive flight of stairs at the main entrance. It was built in 1888 following the Dutch attacks of 1863. Below it stands the newer village of Orahili .
Bawomataluo literally means ‘sun­mountain’ and in front of the omo sebua is circular flagstone known as the fuso newali or ‘village navel.’ Close examination reveals a worn circular pattem on it representing the sun.
Smaller but still impressive omo sebua can be found in the villages of Onohondro, Hilinawalo and Hilinawalo Mazingo. The first two are not far from Bawomataluo but the third is quite some distance. None should-be attempted unles you are in good physical shape.
Both Onohondro and Hifinawalo played an important role in an ancient renewal ceremony in which a figure of. a giant figure representing the ruler was car­ried on a high platform and,then thrown into the Gorno River. This river, named after the one in Central Nias, is near Onohondro and links the inhabitants to their roots in Central Nias. Afterward, the ruler carried on as usual until the -next such ceremony was held, 7 or 14 years later.
The ceremony was outlawed by the missionaries in 1912, but has been revived to celebrate Inclonesia’s independence day or to welcome high clignitaries. Among the strong point of Nias is its most beautiful beach of Lagundri, now very popular among surfers from more than 30 countries in the world. Stone jumping and war clance are usually performed to welcome honorable guests, including tourists.

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