Aceh, Weh, Weh Archipel, Simeuluwe, Banyal, Islands Maps, Golf, Illegal Mining, Tribes

Written by on October 1, 2010 in Sumatera Maps, Sumatera, Aceh Islands Around with 0 Comments

Aceh, Weh, Weh Archipel, Simeuluwe, Banyal, Islands Maps, Golf, Illegal Mining, Tribes

aceh, mining, natural resources, plantations, nature reserves

Weh Archipel

weh island, weh, weh archipel, sabang, diving, banda acek, breuh, peunassu, bunta, bateo

weh island, weh, weh archipel, sabang, diving, banda acek, breuh, peunassu, bunta, bateo

Simeuluwe Island


Simeuluwe Island, Simeuluwe, diving, baneng beach, sinabang

Banyak Islands


Banyak Islands, bibi, lasia, tuanku, ujung batu, pulau


Golf Courses

Aceh Golf Club

Aceh Golf Club d/a Class IV Hill Batupat, Lhok Seumawe Aceh 0645.268950 064.543922 A. 0049 26-02-1984 Private 18 Holes
2 Klub Golf Seulawah Lhok’Nga Banda Aceh Aceh 23353 0651.29658 0651.26136 A. 0047 01-10-1980 Private 9 Holes
3 Rencong Golf Club d/a PN. Pertamina Unit I Rantau Daerah Sumbagut Kuala Simpang Aceh 0641.31165 A. 0031 30-05-1975 Private 9 Holes

Arun Golf Club

Arun Golf Club
Address Arun Golf Club
d/a Class IV Hill
Batuphat Lhouksemawe
Telephone 62-645-653129
Fax N/A
Website N/A
Email N/A
Holes 18
Yardage 6500
Par 72
Visitors N/A
Green Fees A
Course Designer Jack Nicklaus
Facilities . Club House, Locker/Shower rooms, Pro Shop, Golf Clubs/Shoes for hire, . Driving Range
. Caddies available
. Swimming Pool, Tennis Court

Klub Golf Seulawah

Adress: Lhok’Nga Banda Aceh
Tel: 0651.23353
Fax: 0651.26136
9 Holes

Rencong Golf Club

Owner: d/a PN. Pertamina Unit I
Adress: Rantau Daerah Sumbagut Kuala Simpang
Tel: 0641.31165
9 Hole

Illegal Mining Atjeh


atjeh, aceh, illegal, illegal mining, gold


Gold Rush Lifts Spirits in Aceh

Villagers in Aceh Jaya districatjeh, aceh, illegal, illegal mining, goldt have mined gold by hand in the mountainous Gunung Ujeun for the past two weeks after hearing news that the area contained deposits of the precious metal, a district official said on Monday.

Zamzani A. Rani, the deputy chief of Aceh Jaya district, said gold had been located in the area some time ago, but local residents paid little attention until two weeks ago.

“Many of the villagers are jobless now, maybe that’s why they are seeing this as an opportunity,” Zamzani said.

Aceh Jaya’s district chief, Azhar Abdurrachman, told Serambi Indonesia daily on Sunday that Gunung Ujeun is a 2,500 hectare area containing abundant and easily mined deposits of nickel, gold, iron ore and potassium.

He also said he had declined three investors seeking exploration and extraction rights in the area
Aceh Province is rich in natural resources, including oil and gas.

Zamzani said up to 30 people from Panggong and Krueng Sabe, two villages in the Gunung Ujeun forest, came to look for hidden gold in the rugged tract, which sits about 30 kilometers from Calang, the district capital, on the southern coast of the province.

“They only come to collect chunks of stones and take them home, where they crush them to extract the gold,” he said.

A resident of Calang, Atailah, told Serambi Indonesia that the rocks were easily ground down to extract the valuable metal.

Zamzani said the miners would sell the gold in Meulaboh, the capital of the neighboring Aceh Barat district. The coastal town was hit hard by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. He said there had so far been no significant environmental damage due to the mining.

“We are aware of the risk of environmental damage, but we cannot just forbid the villagers to mine there,” Zamzani said.

The district administration will ensure the forest does not have special protection or conservation status before it issues any official mining permits, he said.

“We will decide the most acceptable way to handle this as we don’t want to disadvantage the locals,” Zamzani said.

Nine Chinese Workers Arrested in Aceh

Aceh Police informed that arrests have been made on nine Chinese citizens in the province for illegal mining. Aceh Jaya Resort Police Chief, Hasanuddin said the nine chinese were working at an illegal gold mining site at Mount Ujeun, Krueng Sabe District and were arrested in two separate occasions.

In the first arrest two chinese workers were caught,but police did not inform on when the arrest took place. The other chinese workers were arrested on Monday based on investigation on the two workers caught earlier.

Police said they are coordinating with the immigration office in handling the case, but having language problem in questioning the workers. Police also seized the workers’ passport and put them under Aceh Jaya police custody


Aceh 7 Tribes

aceh, atjeh, tribes, aneuk jamee, simeulue, alas kuet, gayo, skule


Aceh Tribe

Most Aceh are either farmers or fishermen. The traditional Aceh home consists of a sleeping room and a large living room, which may also aceh-jkserve as the kitchen containing a rectangular clay hearth filled with ashes. These houses generally stand on stilts two meters high. Families use the space underneath the house for cattle stalls, chicken coops, or to store tools and firewood. The floors and walls are made of bamboo or wood from coconut trees. Roofs are covered with clay tiles or thatch made of palm leaves. The trend today, however, is building more modern cement homes. Traditionally, most Aceh, both men and women, wore a sarong, a modest and colorful skirt. In recent years there has been a move towards Islamic dress and now the majority of women wear a head covering with their daily dress. The traditional Aceh weapon is the rencong, an ornate sword. It is worn by the male and folded into the sarong as one of the accessories to their ceremonial dress. The women run the households. Most men have no say in matters that deal with the home or even child rearing. All of the children, even the youngest, are expected to help the family work. Inheritance occurs according to Islamic Law with the males receiving a double portion, yet houses and land are always passed down to the women.

The Aceh people are strict Sunni Muslims and have been very instrumental in spreading Islam throughout Indonesia and other parts of Southeast Asia. It is often stated that “to be Aceh is to be Muslim.” The Aceh people strongly and even violently oppose other religions. The Aceh Province is the only province in Indonesia where Shari’a Islamic law has been formally instituted. However, until this day other ethnic people groups in the province have been free to worship according to their own religion. In spite of their dedication to Islam, many Aceh people are still influenced by animistic beliefs in spirits and various superstitions. These beliefs are focused upon seeking protection through magic by either appeasing or controlling both good and bad spirits.



 Alas Tribe 154.000 The majority of the sumatra, tribes, alas, acehAlas people live in villages and make their living from farming and raising livestock. The Alas area is considered the lumbung padi (rice storehouse) of the Aceh area. Other agricultural products include rubber, coffee, and kemiri (a local spice) as well as other forest products such as wood, rattan, resin, and incense.Neighborhoods or villages of the Alas are called kute. One kute usually consists of one or more clans that are called a merge. Extended families will live in one house and submit to the authority of the parents. They are a patrilineal society, which means they measure descent through the father’s family. Their culture emphasizes two types of law. The first type consists of religious laws that are given by God and cannot be changed. The second type consists of traditional laws, which include rules that have been made by the leaders of the community and can be changed according to the times.According to marriage customs, an engagement lasts from one to three years due to the necessity of the man acquiring the bride price, and the woman the groom price. When an Alas man and woman marry, they live near the husband’s family. After they have children, the young family will usually move and live separately (jawe) from the parents but stay in the same area and community of the merge. Polygamous marriages are permitted when the marriage has produced only boys, only girls, or no children at all (adak meu keu dueu).
Generally, the Alas people are followers of Islam, but they still seek the assistance of a dukun (shaman/healer/occultist). They perform ceremonies so that their crops will prosper and be protected from plague. The dukun reads his mantra and uses magical potions of leaves and flowers that are considered powerful to ward off plagues.
Aneuk Jamee Tribe 16.000
The Aneuk Jamee people are one of the people groups that live on the western coastline of the Indonesian province of Aceh. They tend to live around the small bays found along the coast. They are also spread out over the low plains hemmed in by the Bukit Barisan mountain range. The Aneuk Jamee are located primarily in West Aceh Regency in the five districts of Tapak Tuan, Samadua, Susoh, Manggeng, and Labuhan Haji. There are smaller concentrations of them in South Aceh Regency in the three districts of Johan Pahlawan, Kaway XVI, and Kuala.The name aneuk jamee in the Aceh language means, “visiting child” or “newcomer.” The name was used to describe Minang people from Lubuk Sikaping, Pariaman, Rao, and Pasaman who began migrating to the area in the 17th century. Gradually, they assimilated with Aceh people in the area, a process facilitated by a common Islamic faith. Eventually, they came to feel that they were neither Aceh nor Minangkabau but rather a new people group with their own distinct culture and language. The Aneuk Jamee language is called Jamee or Jamu. For the Aceh in southern Aceh, this Jamee language is understandable because the Minangkabau vocabulary mixed with Aceh is similar to the national Indonesian language. However, the Aneuk Jamee do not understand or use the Aceh language.
Many Aneuk Jamee are fishermen, while others work in irrigated rice farming (basawah), unirrigated agriculture (baladang), and growing fruits (bakabun). There are some Aneuk Jamee who are permanent traders (baniago), but others, known as penggaleh, sell goods from village to village.The Aneuk Jamee have three levels of society. The nobles (datuk) form the highest level. The middle level is formed by district chiefs (hulu baling) and religious leaders (ulama), such as the prayer leaders (tengku), priests (imam), and Islamic judges (kadi). The common people are the lowest level. Traditional leadership in a village contains a combination of Minangkabau and Aceh elements. These leaders are the village headman (kecik), prayer-house leader (tuangku manasah), and youth leader (tuangku surau). This is somewhat different from the district level leadership, which is the same as traditional Aceh leadership patterns. This pattern consists of an area headman (mukim), village headman (kecik), street leader (ketua jurong) and elder (tuha peut).
Islam is the religion followed by the Aneuk Jamee people. As among other Indonesian peoples, the Aneuk Jamee also exhibit some elements of previous beliefs that are not easily forgotten. The services of a dukun (shaman/healer/occultist) are still frequently used for various things. For example, a dukun is sometimes asked to put a love spell (sijundai) on a girl or to recover a girl who has been bewitched in this manner.
Gayo Tribe 230.000The Gayo of Indonesia live in the remote central hsumatra, tribes, gayo, aceh, sukuighlands of Aceh Province on the island of Sumatera. Their homeland lies across the Bukit Barisan Range (“Parade of Mountains”), which reaches heights of over 12,000 feet and runs for over a thousand miles. The Gayo mainly live in Central Aceh Regency and Southeast Aceh Regency. Their language is Gayo with two dialects, Gayo Lut and Gayo Luwes. The Gayo do not have a written language. Folk tales and oral stories are passed down in the form of poetry.The Gayo are close neighbors to the radical Islamic Aceh people, and in the past, the sultans of Aceh conquered the Gayo region and made the Gayo slaves. After an initial resistance (during which many Gayo were killed), the Dutch occupation from 1904-1942 resulted in the Gayo developing a thriving cash crop economy in vegetables and coffee. During the occupation and during the 50 years of Indonesian independence, the Gayo have gained access to higher levels of education, and participated to some degree in the Islamicization and modernization of their country.
The main source of income for the Gayo people is farming with the main crop being coffee. Other sources of income are fishing and gathering forest products. They also have developed skills in ceramics, weaving mats and weaving cloth. Another well known handicraft, called Kerawang Gayo, is embroidery with gold/colorful designs. In a traditional Gayo house (umah) uses palm thatch and wood. Several related families typically live together. There is also a meresah where older boys, bachelors, widowers, and male visitors sleep. This is also used for studying and religious activities. Gayo arts include saman and didong, which are mixtures of movement, literature, poetry, and singing. Apart from entertainment and recreation, these arts have ritual, educational, and informational functions, as well as being a means of maintaining balance sumatra, tribes, gayo, aceh, sukuin the social structure. The Gayo marriage pattern calls for marriage outside one’s own family. However, marriage between cousins is not forbidden. Most men marry women from the same area. This is done so that the man will already know the woman and the woman’s family can continue to look after her. A first marriage must be approved by both families (polygamy is rare, but allowed). Divorce and remarriage are quite common.
The Gayo people are mostly Muslim, but their understanding and conviction are lacking. Most Gayo still believe in good and bad spirits and holy men both dead and alive. They also continue to worship and make offerings to spirits, saints, and their ancestors.

Gayo tribe is a tribe that inhabited the highlands in the province of Aceh. Gayo tribe inhabiting the three districts of Central Aceh District, Gaoh-mnDistrict Bener Meriah and Gayo Lues Regency. Gayo tribe also inhabits a number of villages in East Aceh district, Aceh Tamiang, District Beutong Nagan Raya District and the District Rumble So in East Aceh district.
Gayo tribe known Muslim and devout in their religion. Tribe uses a language called Gayo language Gayo.Confidence Gayo tribe of Muslims, but there are believed to practice witchcraft.

The main livelihood is farming and gardening with coffee the main results. They also developed the crafts made of ceramics, weaving, and weaving. Another craft that enough attention is made needlepoint filigree craft Gayo, with a distinctive motif.
Kingdom of Linga
Kingdom of Linga or Linge (the Gayo language) on the ground Gayo, according to M. Junus Djamil in his book “White Elephant” published by the Institute of Culture in 1959 Atjeh, Kutaradja, said that around the 11th century (Penahunan this may be very relative, because the kingdom Lamuri have existed before this century, penahunan more precise is the century to 2-9 M), the Kingdom of Linga established by the Batak people Gayo in the era of Sultan Mahmud Shah Machudum Johan Sovereign of the Kingdom Perlak. This information is known from the testimony of King and his son King Uyem Ranta, King of CIK Bebesan and Zainuddin, from the kings Kejurun Hill both of which had dominion as king in the Dutch colonial era.
Linga Raja I, which became a direct descendant of Batak, is mentioned to have 6 children. The oldest a woman named professor or Datu Beru Beru, others sebayak Linga, Linga Meurah Johan and Meurah, Meurah Silu and Meurah Mege.

Sebayak Linga then migrated to the land of his ancestors precisely in the Karo Batak and open country where he was known as the King of Linga Sibayak. Meurah Johan wanders into Aceh Besar and establish his kingdom named Lamkrak or Oeii Lam, known as Lamoeri and Lamuri or Lamuri or Lambri Sultanate. This means above Lamuri sultanate was founded by Johan Meurah Meurah Linga while living in Linge, Gayo, who later became king down termurun Linge. Meurah Silu Pasai migrate to the area and became an employee of the Sultanate Power in Pasai. The Sultanate is a Shiite-led empire of the Persians and Arabs.
Meurah Mege himself buried on the slope Keramil Wihni Rayang Paluh Linge area. Until now still preserved and respected by the population.
The cause of migration is unknown. However, according to the Linga history is told that the King is more fond of his youngest Meurah Mege. Thus making the other children who prefer to wander.
1. Adi Genali Linga Raja I in GayoKing sebayak Linga in Tanah Karo. Become King of KaroMeurah King Johan (founder of Sultanate Lamuri)Meurah Silu (founder of the Sultanate of Pasai Ocean), and
2. King Linga Linga II, aka Angry at Gayo 3. Linga Raja III-XII in Gayo 4. XIII Linga Raja Amir al-Harb into the Sultanate of Aceh, in 1533 formed a new kingdom of Johor in Malaysia, led by Sultan Alauddin Shah Mansyur. King Linga XIII appointed a new cabinet in the kingdom. His descendants founded the Sultanate of linga in the Riau archipelago, the island of Linga, whose sovereignty includes Riau (Indonesia), Temasek (Singapore) and a little area of ​​Malaysia.
Kings of the Linga sebayak Karo undocumented. In the era of Dutch re-appointed kings but only two eras 1. King Joints Sibayak Linga. (Optional Netherlands) 2. King Kalilong Sibayak Linga

Alas Kuet Tribe 20.000The Kluet people are one of eight people groups that live in the Indonesian special province of Aceh. They are found in two districts of South Aceh Regency, namely North Kluet District and South Kluet District. These two districts are divided by the Krueng Kluet River, which has its source in the Leuser Mountains and empties into the Indian Ocean. The area where the Kluet people live is remote, about 20 kilometers from the main road, 50 kilometers from the city of Tapak Tuan and 500 kilometers from Banda Aceh, the provincial capital.The Kluet language is divided into 3 dialects, the Paya Dapur dialect, the Meunggamat dialect, and the Krueng Kluet dialect. Apparently the language has evolved from a combination of the Alas, Kuo, Aceh, and Minangkabau languages.
The Kluet area is very fertile, and most Kluet make their living from farming irrigated and unirrigated rice fields or growing crops such as coffee, patchouli (which produces fragrant oils), and all sorts of vegetables. Other means for livelihood include raising livestock and fishing. Fish are either eaten fresh or preserved for storage. One way of preserving the fish is by smoking it. This type of preserved or dried fish, called ikan saleh, is a specialty of the Kluet people.The Kluet people are famous for hunting, since they live at the edge of the jungle. During the time of Dutch colonialism, this people group was often noted for their skill on the battlefield. Their skill as hunters made them able fighters. They often employed guerrilla tactics to fight their enemies.The Kluet prefer to live in groups and only in certain areas. They have a strong sense of ethnic identity, and, therefore, they do not spread out very far from each other. They find it difficult to mix with other people groups, and as a result, their culture is rather closed to outsiders. Kluet villages are comprised of houses and a number of other buildings, including rice barns, a meeting center, women’s centers, religious schools, and mosques. The meeting center, called a meursah has a variety of purposes. It is used as a place to read the Qur’an (Islamic Holy Book), say daily prayers, hold special Islamic celebrations, as well as a place to meet or for young men to sleep if there is no religious school in the village. The women’s center, or deyah, is a place where women may go to worship.
Most Kluet are followers of Islam. However, traditional animistic beliefs have not totally disappeared and often have significant impact. This can be seen in routines of daily life, especially in various special ceremonies. Many are afraid of supernatural ghosts (setan). They also believe one of the graves in their area has magic powers. According to the Kluet, this grave can be seen at certain times while at other times it disappears. Magic talismans are used so that evil spirits will not hurt them. The use of such talismans helps them feel calmer and more protected.
Sikule 27.000 ChristianCentral Simeulue Island. Alternate names: Sichule, Sikhule, Wali Banuah. Dialects: Lekon, Tapah. Similar to Nias [nia].Simeulue Tribe 107.000
The Simeulue people live on Simeulue Island located 200 kilometers off the western coast of Aceh Province. Their largest towns are named Sibigo, Sigulai, and Lamame. On Simeulue Island there is no land transport available and the only means of travel is walking.Simeulue people are known as being friendly and brave. Their physical appearance is sometimes described as being more similar to northern Asian peoples because they are often of lighter skin than other Indonesians. This is different from the general appearance of the Aceh people on the mainland. The Simeulue speak Ulau, which means “island,” and it has two dialects. Sigulai is used in western Simeulue and Salang, and Devayan is used in eastern Simeulue, central Simeulue, and southern Tepang. In general the Simeulue can speak the Aceh language because of the strong influence of Aceh culture on the Simeulue.
Generally, the Simeulue make a living from planting cloves and coconuts as well as fishing. Each village usually has one mesjid (mosque) or musholla (prayer-house). Beside using it for prayer, the mesjid is also used for discussing religious issues, holding social functions, providing information from the government, and encouraging the community to work together on community projects. The village head in Simeulue is called a kecik. Previously, the Simeulue were ruled by a king before they were conquered by the king of Aceh and became part of that kingdom. The Simeulue house is built on stilts. Typically, the parents live in a large house with their unmarried children and the families of their sons. This group is called walli or walli akrab. Heredity is patrilineal (tracing descent from the father).Living arrangements after marriage are of three types. In the first pattern, the couple lives near the husband’s family. The second pattern is called paladangan sataun duo in the Devayan dialect or beladang sataun duo in the Sigulai dialect. In this pattern, the couple lives for a few years with the wife’s family and the husband must help his in-laws. After this, they live with the husband’s family for the rest of their lives. In the third pattern, which is called mafanofano, the couple always lives with the wife’s family and the husband must help his in-laws. This usually happens because the wife is an only child.
Although most Simeulue embrace Islam, many are still influenced by animistic beliefs and various superstitions. These beliefs are focused upon seeking protection through magic by either appeasing or controlling both good and bad spirits
Tamiang Tribe 6.800
The Tamiang live in the southeasumatra, tribes, tamiang, aceh, sukust part of East Aceh Regency, in the Aceh Province. Previously this area was the Tamiang administrative district with a very large area of 7,760 square kilometers. Now the district has been divided into six districts, Kuala Simpang, Bendahara, Karangbaru, Seuruway, Kejuruanmuda, and Tamiang Hulu. One legend states that the name Tamiang comes from the words itam and mieng. Itam means “black” and mieng means “cheek.” This appellation supposedly arose because a king of Tamiang named Raja Muda Sedia (1332-1362) had a black mark on his cheek. Another story says that the name Tamiang comes from the name of an island in the Riau Archipelago, which was the original dwelling place of the Tamiang people’s ancestors. The Tamiang people have their own language with an 87% vocabulary similarity to the Melayu (Malay) Riau language.
The main source of income for Tamiang people is planting rice in both irrigated and unirrigated fields. Other crops which they plant are corn, cassava, tomatoes, chili peppers, and eggplant. They also grow fruits such as oranges, mangoes, durian, and langsat. Those who live on the coast fish and make coal from mangrove trees. Some become plantation workers and traders. The Tamiang rarely leave their area because their agricultural land is extensive and fertile enough to support them. At the beginning of the twentieth century, this area received many migrants from other areas because of the opening of rubber and palm oil plantations and oil wells.The Tamiang people are controlled by the “Law of the Four Peoples.” This means that the highest traditional leader is the “Datuk of the Four Peoples.” The word datuk comes from the word ndatu, which signifies the first person to open a settlement (rebas tebang). Those who came later were placed below the existing Datuk. In the ensuing process, the four Datuks united their areas and chose a king (raje) as leader. This decision was established and sealed with an agreement called Kate Tetuhe. The four datuks were titled Datuk Imam Balai, Datuk Penghulu, Datuk Hakim, and Datuk Setia Maha Raja. For the king there was a proverb: “raje adil raje disembah, raje lalin raje disangah” (A fair king will be worshipped, a cruel king will be dethroned). In upholding that role, Tamiang leaders hold onto a vow that states “kasih papa setia mati” (a father’s love is faithful to death). Traditional law was effectively carried out with the philosophy “adat dipangku, syarat dijunjung, resam dijalin, kanun diatur” (traditional law is administered but religious law is respected customary ways are formed but canon law is organized).
Tamiang people are followers of Islam, which has penetrated various aspects of their lives. However, many still carry out the ceremonies of their old beliefs. They hold certain ceremonies connected with their everyday lives, such as ceremonies held for blessing the planting of the rice (kenduri blang), the harvesting of the rice, and ceremonies to protect them for disasters (tula bala).

Proposed World Heritage


Gunongan Historical Park Sumatra Aceh


nature reserve, proposed world heritage, gunongan

 Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
Aceh Special Region
Ref.: 300

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