Halmaheia Wasile Bay Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in North Maluku Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Halmahera Wasile Bay Nature Reserve

0-ª15′-0-ª35’N, 127-ª53′-128-ªl0’E; Kabupaten Maluku Utara, Halmahera, Moluccas.
Sea level.
Description of site:
A shallow sea bay and estuarine system with mangrove swamps and sandy beaches, in the central part of Halmahera. The bay is surrounded by a coastal plain varying between three and ten km in width.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove forest with Bruguiera spp, Sonneratia alba and Heritiera sp, and beach forest with Corallia brachiala, Callophyllum inophyllum, Barringtonia sp and Calamus sp. Lowland tropical rain forest in adjacent areas.
Land tenure:
State owned (Indonesian Government).
Conservation measures taken:
Conservation measures proposed:
The entire area has been proposed as a Nature Reserve.
Land use:
About 5,000 people live in the lowlands around Wasile Bay, near the proposed reserve.
Disturbances and threats:
Illegal cultivation, development in transmigration schemes, particularly in coastal areas, and timber concessions.
Economic and social values:
No information.
Little information is available, although the area is known to be rich in endemic species. A variety of waterbirds has been recorded including Fregata minor, Nycticorax caledonicus, Bubulcus ibis, Dendrocygna guttata, Tadorna radjah, Pandion haliaetus, Esacus magnirostris, Numenius minutus, Tringa nebularia and Sterna anaethetus. Mammals include Pelaurus breviceps, Macaca sp, Sus scrofa, Pteropus sp, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus and Musaderma spasma. The Estuarine Crocodile Crocodylus porosus is known to occur.


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