West Java, Kampong Naga

Written by on October 1, 2010 in Java Traditional Village with 0 Comments

West Java, Kampong Naga

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, naga, dragon village Opslaan

Criteria Requirements – Heritage
1. Uniqueness and characteristics of heritage Natural Heritage
1.1 Significance of ecological systems and natural habitats.
Kampong Naga is located in the highlands characterized by river, hills and valleys. Kampong Naga is administratively bordered by Garut-Tasikmalaya road in the south, Cipalontang Village in the North, Ciwulan river in the east and Bukit Naga (Dragon Hills) in the west. Ciwulan river and the preserved forest formed a natural border with other villages.
1.2 Undisturbed environments or environments demonstrating natural process at work.
Geographically Kampong Naga is located in a fertile valley beside Ciwulan river with the altitude of 1200 meters above sea level. The climates varied between 21 -23 Celsius and humidity 75%-85%. The monthly average rainfalls between 289 mm to 3468 mm this provides Kampong Naga with enough water supplies all year round
1.3 Existence of rare and unique species present at the site
There is an endemic type of bamboo trees growing in Kampong Naga that is called awi tali or rope bamboo. This type of bamboo tree can be transformed to a strong rope and provide the villagers with materials for housing and daily lives (weaved bamboos is widely used for household apparels) and also can be produced as handicrafts for sale.
Cultural Heritage
1.4 Significance of the existing cultural and historical resources.
Kampong Naga is a traditional village that is bonded by traditional values shown in their rituals, houses, housing lay-out, family bonds, and art forms.

Kampong Naga residence is Sundanese and they strongly believe that Eyang Singaparna or the grand old man is their ancestor and founder of the village. Eyang Singaparna also known as Sembah Dalem Singaparna or Eyang Galunggung. His grave lies in a hill near Kampong Naga and considered sacred by the native Naga residence (sa-naga).

The chief of Kampong Nagai called Kuncen (the key holder), he acts as the highest leader helped by a Lebe Naga for marital affairs and Punduh Naga for external affairs.

Family bonds in Kampong Naga based on bilateral and parental relationship referring to either father and mother line. They identified 7 levels of generation both upwards and downwards.

Upwards: 1. Kolot/sepuh (parents), 2. Embah/eyang (grandparents, 3. Buyut (great grandparents), 4. Bao, 5. Jangga wareng, 6. Udeg-udeg, 7. Kait Siwur/gantang siwur.

Downwards: 1. Anak (children), 2.Incu/putu (grandchildren), 3. Buyut (great grandchildren), 4. Bao, 5. Jangga wareng, 6. Udeg-udeg, 7. Gantung siwur/wait.
1.5 Authenticity and integrity
Kampong Naga was built under macrocosmic and microcosmic concepts. This is shown in their housing arrangement that follows the land contours, river, vegetations, and sun and wind direction.
The mosque and the assembly house are placed in the center of the village as a symbol of bonding for every houses in the village

The inhabited areas of Kampong Naga is surrounded by double bamboo fence of 1.5 meters high called kandang jaga (security cage), which also functioned as borderline between sacred and profane areas.
1.6 Degree of survival of the archaeological remains, human values, ways of life, custom, land use, events and living traditions.
Islam is the only religion in Kampong Naga despite the facts that myths-based rituals still greatly influence their daily lives. They hold rituals on Mondays and Thursdays whereas they keep silent and must not talk about history, belief, custom on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays. They also carefully chose a certain good day for traveling, building homes, wedding and other rituals to avoid bad luck.

Kampong Naga inhabitants earn a living by farming and grow fish in fish ponds around their village and in the river by building fish cages.
2. Site protection and conservation
2.1 Existence of management control/measures to ensure that the site capacity (in terms of resources and facilities) can absorb tourism activities.
Kampong Naga has its system to control tourists visit by Punduh Naga (deputy chief for external affairs), and a government body who helps maintaining the authenticity of Kampong Naga historic heritage.
2.2 Implementation of preventive measures/ management mechanisms to minimize degradation of resources.
Visitors entering Kampong Naga must meet the elderly of the village before roaming around the village. They will be briefed about the history and the taboos and restrictions that abide them during their visit. Visitors are not allowed to enter Kampong Naga on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays.
3. Tourism and site management
3.1 Appropriate tourism activities compatible with local heritage, values and character.
Events that can be observed by visitors are Hajat Sasih, Ngikis and Pedaran.

Hajat Sasih is an ancestor-worship ceremony to ask blessings, soundness and express gratitude to God almighty. It is held by visiting the ancestor grave (Eyang Singaparna).

Ngikis is a ceremony to replace the fence of Eyang Singaparna’s grave.

Pedaran is held once in 8 years to tell and unveil the history and custom of Kampong Naga, carried out in the Islam month of Maulud on 13-14.
3.2 Involvement of local communities in the development and the management of the cultural and the natural heritage site.
Kampong Naga manage its own development in a traditional manner. Government helps restricted only in terms of preservation and funding.
3.3 Creation of jobs that encourage the use of local knowledge, skills and traditions.
People of Kampong Naga use their spare time to produce bamboo handicraft, traditional food, and clothing (hand woven) not only for personal use but also to be sold as souvenirs.
3.4 The use of appropriate off-site and on-site interpretive media to educate visitors such as:

* Signage /panel
* Brochure
* Visual/ audio presentation
* Guide book
* Special events

Local and central government helped by the private sector have provided signage, brochures and other tourism promotion materials to help develop Kampong Naga as a tourist attraction.
3.5 Availability of well-trained local guides/interpreters to serve visitors.
Tour guides consist of well-trained tour guide from the private sector and also native people from Kampong Naga who have reside outside the village because of the ancestor’s rules that limited the number of inhabitants of Kampong Naga (there is a rule that restricted number of the house and inhabitants). Together they can provide an insight of the traditional village.
3.6 Introduction of Cades of conduct to educate visitors on what should or should not do when visiting the site.
3.7 Monitoring program in place to assess tourism impacts on the site.
4. Environmental management 4.1

Provision of appropriate and sufficient waste management system.
4.2 Put in place waste water treatment.
4.3 Zoning parking area for the site.
The local government provides a parking area outside the village. Visitors must walk along a scenic path to reach the village.
4.4 Control and regulate the entry of objects, materials and vehicles to the site.
Visitors are not allowed to bring their personal music instruments, electronics and other devices that are not common to the inhabitants and potentially can disrupt the peaceful nature of the village.
5. Accessibility 5.1 Sufficient infrastructure and facilities to enable easy and safe access to the site..
Good road connects Kampong Naga with major cities in West Java. From the capital city Bandung (86 km), Garut (26 km), and Tasikmalaya (30 km). In fact it is located nearby the main road of Garut-Tasikmalaya.

The local government have also upgrade the originally village path to become an enjoyable scenic path that connects the village with the parking lot which lies beside the main road.
5.2 Adequate and clear directional signage to the site.
Signage is available but they need to be added with clear sign in English language.
6. Support facilities 6.1 Adequacy of facilities such as medical care, F&B outlets, electricity, water supply, restrooms, communication tolls.
Complete facilities can be found in the nearby city of Garut and Tasikmalaya and the capital city of West Java (Bandung).

While on-site, visitors can find parking lot, souvenir shop, and accommodation just outside the village.Kampong Naga itself is restricted from providing those facilities to keep its original environment.
6.2 Availability of skilled staff, officials/local guards and other measures to take care of safety and security for visitors.
Kampong Naga has social values that honor guests and together with the backings from the government, safety and security issues are taken care of in a proper manner.

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