Banten, Gunung Halimun National Park Introduction

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java Mountains with 0 Comments

Banten, Gunung Halimun National Park



Gunung Halimun National Park represents the ecosystem types of lowland rain forest, sub-montane forest, and montane forest. Most of the forest areas of this Park are situated in mountainous terrain with several rivers and waterfalls. The area protects the hydrological function of the regencies of Bogor, Lebak, and Sukabumi.
Among the plants that dominate the forest areas of the Park are rasamala (Altingia excelsa), jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), and puspa (Schima wallichii). About 75 orchid species grow in the park and several of them are categorized as endangered species, including Bulbophylum binnendykii, B. angustifolium, Cymbidium ensifolium, and Dendrobium macrophyllum.
This Park forms a habitat for several endangered animals.
There are about 204 species of bird, of which 90 are permanent and 35 are endemic to Java. Cikaniki Canopy Trail
The communities living around the Park form a traditional “Kasepuhan” society (in which the elders must be respected by the village people). They have preserved their unique way of life, utilizing the surrounding forest with great wisdom and care.
With its rich variety of attractions, this Park is an ideal site for both recreation and ecotourism. The silence of the deep forest, broken only by the whoops and cries of birds and animals, offers a magnificent backdrop from which to observe wildlife at close quarters.
This Park is equipped with a canopy trail – a walkway suspended between trees – which offers visitors a glimpse of the activities of birds and other wildlife living in the forest canopy.
Colourful wildlife, thundering waterfalls and pristine rivers guarantee an unforgettable experience, particularly for visitors from big cities.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Cimantaja, Piit, Cipamulaan, Cihanyawar, and Citangkolo Waterfalls: forest exploration, plant and animal observation.
Citarik River: rafting.
Cikaniki and Citalahab: camping, canopy trail, and plant and animal observation.
Cibedug Temple: this small temple, dating from the megalithic era, is situated 8 km from the village of Citorek.
Mt. Halimun (” 1,929 m asl.), and Mt. Sangga-buana (” 1,919 m asl.): exploration and mountain climbing.
.The Nirmala tea plantation, located at the main Cipeuteuy entrance, is an additional attraction.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Seren Tahun ceremony in July. The ceremony is held at Kesepuhan Banten Kidul and is enlivened with a show of folk arts, from rarely-seen debus performances to angklung and other typically Sundanese arts.
Best time of year to visit: June to August.
How to reach the Park: Bogor/Sukabumi-Parungkuda-Kabandungan, about 1.5 hours by car (50 km), Bogor-Cisangku, about 2.5 hours by car (50 km), Rangkasbitung-Bayah-Ciparay, about 6 hours by car (186 km).
A total area of 40,000 hectares
Temperature 30-ª C (on average)
Rainfall 4,000 – 6,000 mm/year
Altitude 500 – 1,929 m asl.

Mount Halimun is surrounded by the largest area of unspoilt rainforest in Java and the summit (Halimun Utara) unsurprisingly lies within Gunung Halimun National Park. The hike to the summit (the round trip apparently takes about 8 hours) would be best started at the north of the mountain in the village of Leuwijamang (at 800m) which lies an hour’s walk from the nearest road at Cisarua. To get there, you have to take the main road which heads west from Bogor towards Rangkasbitung and turn left (south) at Cigudeg. Unfortunately however, the route to the summit is not considered an ‘official climbing lane’ by the National Park so it is technically illegal to climb – see comment below…

Please note that hiking is not usually allowed in the National Park between December and March inclusive plus all of August plus Idul Fitri. Check the National Park website for more information but don’t expect a reply as their mailbox has been full for months and months.


Getting there

Take a train or bus to Bogor and then public transport /taxi to Cigudeg (on the road west towards Rangkasbitung). Then take an ojek to the National Park entrance.


There is accommodation available in Citalahab near the Cikaniki Research Station.See the official website for more details.


You need a permit to enter the Park. Take a photocopy of your passport photo page. As noted above, it is technically illegal to climb to the summit at the moment!

Water sources

Take sufficient supplies with you.


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