West Java, Gunung Gede

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java Mountains with 0 Comments

National Park Gunung Gede-Pangrango




Gunung Gede-Pangrango, the twin volcanoes of West Java, is one of the first national parks in Indonesia.
It covers a total forested area of 15,000 hectares.
This area has a special place in the history of both conservation
and botanical research in Indonesia.
It includes the Cibodas Nature Reserve
which has been the scene of numerous botanical
and other studies for a period of well over a hundred years
by a number of scientists and naturalists, including such eminent figures as Reinwardt, Junghunn and Wallace.

The park is within easy reach by road from Jakarta and Bandung, and the main entrance at Cibodas is situated about 120 km, or about 2.5 hours by car from Jakarta
and 85 km or about 2 hours by car from Bandung.
It is also accessible from Cipanas and Pacet through Gunung Putri, just east of Cibodas; and from Sukabumi through Selabintana
from the south at about 60 km or 1.5 hour by car from Bogor.
Another entrance is at Situgunung, which can be reached through Cisaat, just west of Sukabumi.
From these entrances (except from Situgunung)
there are trails to the summits of Gunung Gede and Pangrango.
What to bring/Where to stay
Cool-weather clothing, rain coat, strong shoes for hiking, and camping equipments are recommended.
Visitors have also to bring their own food, especiall for those who want to stay overnight in the park.
Accomodation in the park is in simple guesthouses.
The park also provides some camping grounds, including one at the Alun-alun Suryakencana, a flat area near the top of Gunung Gede.
There are many hotels, villas and bungalows in the Puncak Pass-Cipanas area. This area is quite close to the Headquarters of the park.
Activities Among the mountains in West Java, the twin volcanoes Gede-Pangrango
are very famous for hiking and mountain climbing.
There are 4 trails to go up to the summits of of the mountains;
two trails are from Cibodas, one from Gunung Putri
and another one from Selabintana, Sukabumi.
Climbing the mountains and watching the sunrise from the top
or the crater wall of Gunung Gede
are the most exciting attractions for visitors.

Country: Indonesia

Subregion Name: Java (Indonesia)

Volcano Number: 0603-06=

Volcano Type: Stratovolcano

Volcano Status: Historical

Last Known Eruption: 1957 

Summit Elevation: 2958 m 9,705 feet

Latitude: 6.78°S 6°47’0″S

Longitude: 106.98°E 106°59’0″E

Gede volcano is one of the most prominent in western Java, forming a twin volcano with Pangrango volcano to the NW. The major cities of Cianjur, Sukabumi, and Bogor are situated below the volcanic complex to the east, south, and NW, respectively. Gunung Pangrango, constructed over the NE rim of a 3 x 5 km caldera, forms the 3019 m high point of the complex. Many lava flows are visible on the flanks of the younger Gunung Gede, including some that may have been erupted in historical time. The steep-walled summit crater has migrated about 1 km to the NNW over time. Two large debris-avalanche deposits on its flanks, one of which underlies the city of Cianjur, record previous large-scale collapses of Gede volcano. Historical activity, recorded since the 16th century, typically consists of small explosive eruptions of short duration.

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