East Java, Penanggungan volcano

Written by on July 30, 2012 in Java Mountains with 0 Comments

East Java, Penanggungan volcano



Country: Indonesia

Subregion Name: Java (Indonesia)

Volcano Number: 0603-291

Volcano Type: Stratovolcano

Volcano Status: Holocene

Last Known Eruption: Unknown

Summit Elevation: 1653 m 5,423 feet

Latitude: 7.62°S 7°37’0″S

Longitude: 112.63°E 112°38’0″E

Gunung Penanggungan, one of Java’s most revered mountains, is a small stratovolcano constructed immediately north of the Arjuno-Welirang massif. Numerous ruins of sanctuaries, monuments, and sacred bathing places dating from 977-1511 AD are found on the northern and western flanks of the volcano. Lava flows from flank vents descend all sides of the 1653-m-high volcano and pyroclastic-flow deposits form an apron around it. Penanggungan volcano was mapped as similar in age to Arjuno-Welirang and Semeru volcanoes by van Bemmelen (1937). Penanggungan was considered to be extinct for at least 1000 years. Its last eruption may have occurred about 200 AD.

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