Central Java, Ijo temple, Groyokan, Sambirejo village, Prambanan

Written by on June 20, 2012 in Java Heritages with 0 Comments

Central Java, Ijo temple, Groyokan, Sambirejo village, Prambanan





Ijo temple is located in the sub-village of Groyokan, Sambirejo village, Prambanan sub-district, Sleman district, Yogyakarta. This temple is standing on the west slope of a hill far from the busy residence, on the southern part of Ratu Baka Temple. The plain where the temple is located is about 0.8 hectares. Nevertheless, it is assumed that the complex is actually wider than area the government compensates. The assumption is based on the facts that when the north and east slopes of the temple was excavated by the local people, there were many ruins having connection with the temple. This temple with the background of Hindu is built at about the tenth or eleventh centuries. The temple complex comprises the main temple, Apit and Perwara temples. The main temple that has been completely renovated yet, is facing west. There are standing in line three smaller temples in front of it and assumed to do worships for Brahma, Wishnu and Siva. On the western part of the temple, spreading toward the hill, there are ruins of some temples that are still under excavation and renovation works. In fact, to build the temples, ancestors not only exploited the andesite rocks from Mount Merapi, but also any rocks from various places as well. The main Temple is standing on the square base. The main entrance into the temple are in the central part of the west side flanked by two falsified windows. There are the stacked sculptures of Kala on the niche of the entrance. As seen at the other temples in the Central of Java and Yogyakarta, both heads of Kala had no necks with them. The upper part of the falsified windows are also decorated with the sculptures of the stacked heads of Kala. The doorstep is framed by a pair of dragons sticking out their heads downward opposing the gate, widely opened mouth. There is a cockatoo in each of the dragon’s mouth. There are three falsified windows at the out side of north, east and south walls for each side. The falsified windowsills are also framed by the sculptures of a pair of dragons for each and the heads of Kala as those on the falsified ones flanking the gate. To get to the entrance gate, about 120 centimetres from the surface of the land, ladders were constructed with the decorations of a pair of makaras. The heads of makaras are sticking out down with opened mouths. There is also a cockatoo in individual makaras’ mouth carrying grain of rice at its beak. The upper part of the makaras’heads are decorated with sculptures resembling the hair, and the upper part of the ladder is decorated with the sculpture of Kala’s motive as well. Outer walls of north, east and south have three falsified windows for each. The windowsills are also framed by the sculptures of a pair of dragons and the heads of kala such as those on the windowsills flanking the entrance gate. Inside part of the main temple there is a room. There are niches in the central part of north, east and south walls for each. The forms of the niches are similar to falsified windows at the outer walls. Each niche is flanked by the sculptures on the walls describing a pair of god and goddess flying toward the niche. There is a linggam in the center of the room hold by the creature in the form of a snake with its head like turtle. The creature coming from the Hindu’s myth is symbolizing the holder of the earth. Therefore, the main temple becomes the line axe of the earth. The unity of Linggam and Yoni symbolizes the integrated unity of Brahma, Wishnu and Siva. Lingga, that should firmly sticks into the Yoni has gone. The roofs of the Temple are multistoried, constructed firstly on square form pointing up smaller and smaller. There are three stupas (dome) at every side for each layer. The biggest one is on the top of the roof. A long the border line between the roof the body of the Temple there are sculptures combining the styles of sticking out and the dwarf demon. The edge of the layer is decorated by the range of frames with kala style. In every frame there are the half body statues figuring Brahma, Wishnu and Sivawith various positions of their hands.

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