Vanellus miles

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Vanellus miles, Masked Lapwing, Trulek Topeng

TheVanellus miles, Masked Lapwing, Trulek TopengMasked Lapwing (Vanellus miles), previously known as the Masked Plover or Plover, is a large, common and conspicuous bird native to Australia, particularly the northern and eastern parts of the continent.

Vanellus miles novaehollandiae became self introduced to Southland, New Zealand in the 1930s and has now spread throughout New Zealand, where it is known as the Spur-winged Plover.

It spends most of its time on the ground searching for food and has several distinctive calls.


This species is the largest representative of the family Charadriidae, at 35 cm (14 in) and 370 g (13 oz). There are two distinct races which until recently were thought to be separate species:

* The Masked Lapwing of Northern Australia (Vanellus miles miles) has an all-white neck and large yellow wattles (loose folds of skin) with the male having a distinctive mask and larger wattles.

New Guinea and associated is., Austrialia and New Zealand;
Fragmented distribution in the n. part of its range;
(1) S. New Guinea from Merauke to the Ramu River and Sepik River. N. Australia from n. Western Australia and Northern Territory w. to the Dampier and e. to Queensland s. to at least Cairns.
(2) Se. Australia from se. Queensland from Mackay s. in New South Wales to Victoria and e. South Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand.
Ranges widely to other parts of Australia, the Moluccas, Kei Island and Aru Is.

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