Calyptomena viridis

Written by on April 13, 2012 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

 Calyptomena viridis, Green Broadbill, Madi-hijau Kecil

The Green Broadbill, Calyptomena viridis, is a small, approximatelyCalyptomena-viridis--01-40017cm long, brilliant green-plumaged bird with a black ear patch, wide gape bill, rounded head, short tail and three black bars on wings. The beak itself is very weak and almost hidden by the crest above it. Both sexes are similar. The female is duller and has no black markings on its ear patch and wing coverts.

The Green Broadbill is distributed in broadleaved evergreen forests of Borneo, Sumatra and Malay Peninsula and it frequents lowland and lower montane rainforest. It is often overlooked, as it sits motionless inside the canopy or just below, quickly flying to a new location if disturbed. It’s foliage-green color provides excellent camouflage.

It feeds largely on soft figs. The broadbill’s feeding habits helps to distribute the seeds of the fig around the forest floor. The female usually lays between two to three whitish eggs, and the young fledge after twenty-two to twenty-three days.

Due to continuing habitat loss, the Green Broadbill is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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