Accipiter badius, Shikra, Shrikra

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Indonesia Bird with 0 Comments

Accipiter badius, Shikra, Shrikra


The Shikra (Accipiter badius) is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers.
Immature with browner upperparts in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

The Shikra is a widespread resident breeder throughout south Asia, especially India, and sub-Saharan Africa. It nests in trees, building a new nest each year. It lays 3?7 eggs.

This bird is a small raptor (26?30cm long) with short broad wings and a long tail, both adaptations to fast manoeuvring. The normal flight of this species is a characteristic “flap ?flap? glide”.

The adult Shikra has pale grey upperparts and is white, finely barred reddish below. Sexes are similar except that the female is larger than the male. The juvenile is brown above and white, spotted with brown below. It has a barred tail.

The Shikra is a bird of open woodland including savannah and cultivation. Its hunting technique is similar to that of other small hawks such as the Sparrowhawk or the Sharp-shinned Hawk, relying on surprise as it flies from a hidden perch or flicks over a bush to catch its prey unaware.

The prey is lizards, dragonflies, and small birds and mammals.

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