Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve

Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve


Pulau Sempu, Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam

Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve is a 900 ha island south of east Java. On the island you’ll find white beaches and dense tropical rainforest. Locals will tell you about the last Javan Tigers in the reserve.
Pulau Sempu Nature Reserve is reachable by boat from Sendangbiru. For Sendangbiru take a minibus to Sumbermanjing Wetan from Gadang station in Malang. From Sumbermanjing, motor-cyclists will bring you to Sendangbiru. Permits are available from the PHPA office on the beach in Sendangbiru.
* Sendangbiru
o A small number of beach cottages

Tsunami damage occurred along a sheltered channel separating Sempu (pronounced sem-poo) Island from mainland Java. Sempu, an irregularly-shaped island four km across at its widest point, lies approximately 50 km south of the Malang. The channel, roughly 0.5 km wide, runs from southwest to northeast between Sempu and the mainland. Sendangbru, a small fishing village, is located on the mainland at the southwestern end of the channel; it lies in the shadow-zone of Sempu Island and hence is protected from the typical swell of the Indian Ocean. The fishing village was not, however, protected from the tsunami attack. A run-up height of 3.6 m was measured, based on an eyewitness’ estimation of the tsunami height along a fish cannery wall. Further up the channel, still on the mainland, a run-up height of 3.4 m was measured. Eyewitnesses reported a total of three waves, with the third wave the largest.


Wildlife conservation group ProFauna Indonesia has discovered around 60 rare bird species in a nature preserve on Sempu Island, Malang regency, East Java.
The group’s executive director Asep Rahmat Purnama said the birds were discovered when ProFauna organized a three-day birdwatching competition this month on the island, some 60 km south of Malang city.
ProFauna observed as many as 144 bird species breeding on Sempu Island during the biennial event, participated in by 23 groups from Java and Bali.
According to Asep, ProFauna had previously recorded around 80 bird species living in the 877-hectare natural preserve.
Among the bird species observed during the event were the Javan eagle, wreathed hornbill, rhinoceros hornbill and oriental pied-hornbill.
Even though most of the species are categorized as non-migratory birds, participants also found migratory birds, such as the Chinese goshawk, which can survive in the northern hemisphere and migrates to the southern hemisphere during the winter.
The growing number of bird species breeding on Sempu Island is likely due to the presence of tree varieties on which the birds build their nests and fewer threats from natural predators and human beings.
The forest where the birds once lived might have been damaged or replaced by other tree species. They then migrated to a new and denser forest,-÷ said Asep.
This is a very worthwhile discovery and increasingly shows that Sempu Island is a natural preserve that is suitable for the survival of wildlife with high conservation value, especially for the country’s rare bird species.-÷
With the discovery of the rare bird species, ProFauna expects the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) to strictly monitor and protect the preserved forest from wildlife poaching.
Sempu Island, spanning 877 ha, was dedicated as a natural preserve based on the East Java gubernatorial decree in 1928 due to its unique nature and wealth in bio-diversity. The area is only for research and education purposes.
The ecosystem on Sempu Island is very complete, such as its mangrove swamp, coastal forest, low plains rain forest and lake,-÷ said Asep.
Wahyoe Boediwardhana


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