South Sulawesi Makassar Fort Rotterdam

Written by on May 21, 2012 in Indonesia, Central Indonesia Forts with 0 Comments

South Sulawesi Makassar Fort Rotterdam

Fort Rotterdam or Fort Ujung Pandang (Fri Pandang) is a fortress of the Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo heritage. The location of the fort was located on the west coast city of Makassar, South Sulawesi. The fort was built in 1545 by the King of Gowa to a named I-9 manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung Tumpa’risi ‘kallonna. This fort was originally made from clay, but in the reign of King of Gowa-14 Sultan Alauddin construction of the fort was changed to stone padas are sourced from the Karst Mountains in the Maros. Ujung Pandang fortress is shaped like a turtle who wanted to crawl down into the ocean. Shape is very clear in terms of the philosophy of the kingdom of Gowa, that turtles can live on land and at sea. So even with the Kingdom of Gowa who triumphed on land and at sea. The original name of this fort is Fort Ujung Pandang, usually well-Gowa Makassar people call this fort as Fort Panyyua which is the headquarters of the kingdom of Gowa frogmen. Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo Bungayya finally signed an agreement which requires that one clause of the Kingdom of Gowa to surrender the fort to the Dutch. At the time the Dutch occupied the fort, the name changed to Fort Ujung Pandang Fort Rotterdam. Cornelis Speelman deliberately chose the name Fort Rotterdam to commemorate the birth in the Netherlands. This fort was later used by the Dutch as a central storage of spices in eastern Indonesia. In the complex there are now Ujung Pandang fortress La Galigo Museum where there are many references on the history of the greatness of Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) and other areas in South Sulawesi. Most of the buildings are still intact fortress and become one of the attractions in the city of Makassar.

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