Tanjung Sedari Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Tanjung Sedari Nature Reserve

java--Sedari

Location:5-ª55′-6-ª00’S, 107-ª00′-107-ª05’E; 30 km northeast of Jakarta, Kabupaten Bekasi, West Java.
Area:8,200 ha.
Altitude:0-10m.
Description of site:
A mangrove area in the northern part of West Java, influenced by the Citarum River. In recent years, most of the mangrove swamp has been converted to aquaculture ponds. Only one small area (1,000 ha) of healthy mangrove forest remains, near Ujung Karawang in the Litarum Delta.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate with an annual rainfall varying from 1,500 mm to as much as 6,000 mm. The temperature ranges from 23-32-ªC, the relative humidity from 77-99%.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove communities with species of Rhizophora, Avicennia, Sonneratia, Excoecaria, Aegiceras, Bruguiera, Acanthus and Cerops, Nypa fruticans, Derris trifoliata, Carex sp and Hibiscus tiliaceus.
Land tenure:State owned (Bekasi Government)
Conservation measures taken:None.
Conservation measures proposed:
The area has been proposed as a Nature Reserve (Cagar Alam).
Land use:Fishing and aquaculture; agriculture in adjacent areas.
Disturbances and threats:
Felling of mangroves, encroachment by aquaculture ponds, and disposal of waste.
Economic and social values:
The mangrove swamp is an important breeding and nursery area for marine fishes and shrimps, including the fry used in the aquaculture schemes. The mangrove forest also serves a valuable function in controlling coastal erosion.
Fauna:
Economically important fishes include Panchax panchax, Dermagenys sp, Anabas sp, Trichogaster sp, Prisopihalmus sp, Chanos channos and Tilapia mossambica. The area is rich in waterbirds, particularly cormorants, herons, egrets and storks. Species known to occur include Phalacrocorax niger, P. sulcirostris, Anhinga melanogaster, Ixobrychus sinensis, Nycticorax nycticorax, Bubulcus ibis, Butorides striatus, Egretta sacra, E. garzetta, E. ciba, Ardea purpurea, A. cinerea, A. sumatrana, Mycteria cinerea (20-25 individuals), Leptoptilos javanicus, Plegadis fa/cinellus, Dendrocygna javanica. Anas gibberifrons, Amaurornis phoenicurus and Himantopus himantopus. Mammals include Macaca fascicularis, Presbytis cristata, Felis nzarmorata and Sus sp. Reptiles include Varanus salvator, Boiga dendrophila and Mabouya multifasciata.

List of Birds (46 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acrocephalus stentoreus
Actitis hypoleucos
Aegithina tiphia
Alcedo coerulescens
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gibberifrons
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Ardea cinerea
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Caprimulgus macrurus
Charadrius alexandrinus
Charadrius dubius
Collocalia linchi
Dendrocygna javanica
Egretta alba
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Egretta sacra Gallicrex cinerea
Gerygone sulphurea
Halcyon chloris
Himantopus himantopus
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo tahitica
Ixobrychus sinensis
Lanius schach
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Numenius arquata
Numenius phaeopus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Oriolus chinensis
Phalacrocorax niger
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Plegadis falcinellus
Pluvialis fulva
Prinia familiaris
Rhipidura javanica
Streptopelia chinensis
Tringa nebularia
Tringa stagnatilis
Zosterops flavus Lower Risk

List of Mammals (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II

List of Fish (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aplocheilus panchax
Chanos chanos
Oreochromis mossambicus

List of Reptiles (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Boiga dendrophila
Mabuya multifasciata
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (12 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acanthus sp.
Aegiceras sp.
Avicennia sp.
Bruguiera sp.
Carex sp.
Ceriops sp.
Derris trifoliata
Excoecaria sp.
Hibiscus tiliaceus
Nypa fruticans
Rhizophora sp.
Sonneratia sp.

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