Muara Gembong Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java West Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Muara Gembong Nature Reserve

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Location:6-ª00′-6-ª05’S, 106-ª57′-107-ª02’E; 25 km northeast of Jakarta, Kabupaten Bekasi, West Java.
Area:10,481 ha (undisturbed area c.l,000 ha).
Altitude:0-15m.
Description of site:
A large estuarine zone of tidal mudflats, fish ponds and degraded mangrove scrub, with a patch of relatively undisturbed mangrove forest and freshwater swamp on the northern shore.
Climatic conditions:
Tropical monsoonal climate with the annual rainfall varying from 1,500 to 6,000 mm. The winds are westerly from December to February, and easterly in June and July. The temperature ranges from 23-32-ªC, the relative humidity from 77-99%.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove communities with species of Rhizophora. Avicennia. Sonneratia. Bruguiera, and Nypa fruticans; freshwater swamp with Acanthus sp, Fimbristylis dichotoma and Phragmites karka.
Land tenure:
State owned (Forest Management Unit Ill, West Java).
Conservation measures taken:
None.
Conservation measures proposed:
The area has been proposed as a Nature Reserve. Land use: Aquaculture (fish ponds) in adjacent areas
Land use:
Aquaculture (fish ponds) in adjacent areas.
Disturbances and threats:
Coastal erosion and pollution by waste from nearby settlements.
Economic and social values:
The mangrove forest plays a valuable role in protecting the coastline against erosion.
Fauna:
Waterfowl include Phalocrocorax sp, Nycticorax nycticorax, Bubulcus ibis, Egreita spp, Ardea sp, Mycteria cinerea, Leptoptilos javanicus, Plegadis falcinellus and many migratory shorebirds. Mammals include Macaca fascicularis, Presbytis cristata, Panthera pardus and Sus sp. Reptiles include Varanus salvator and Mabouya multifasciata. Invertebrates include Terebralia sp, Telescopium telescopium, Coluta sp, Cerithium sp, Neritunis violacea and Castidule sp.

List of Birds (67 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acridotheres javanicus
Acrocephalus stentoreus
Actitis hypoleucos
Aegithina tiphia
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo coerulescens
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gibberifrons
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Ardea cinerea
Ardea purpurea
Ardeola speciosa
Artamus leucorhynchus
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Casmerodius albus
Centropus bengalensis
Collocalia esculenta
Copsychus saularis
Corvus macrorhynchos
Cyornis rufigastra
Delichon dasypus
Dendrocopos macei
Dendrocygna javanica
Dicaeum trochileum
Dicrurus macrocercus
Egretta alba
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Egretta sacra
Gerygone sulphurea
Halcyon chloris Halcyon pileata
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo tahitica
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Lanius schach
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Lonchura leucogastroides
Lonchura punctulata
Microhierax fringillarius App II
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Nectarinia jugularis
Numenius arquata
Numenius phaeopus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Orthotomus cuculatus
Orthotomus sutorius
Pelargopsis capensis
Pericrocotus flammeus
Phalacrocorax niger
Picoides canicapillus
Picoides macei
Plegadis falcinellus
Prinia familiaris
Prinia flaviventris
Psittacula alexandri App II
Pycnonotus goiavier
Rhipidura javanica
Sterna sumatrana
Streptopelia bitorquata
Strix leptogrammica App II
Tringa nebularia
Tringa stagnatilis
Tringa totanus
Zosterops chloris
Zosterops flavus

List of Mammals (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Panthera pardus Endengered App I
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II

List of Mollusks (6 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Castidule sp.
Cerithium sp.
Coluta sp.
Neritina violacea
Telescopium telescopium
Terebralia sp.

List of Reptiles (7 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acrochordus granulatus
Boiga dendrophila
Cerberus rhynchops
Gekko gekko
Homalopsis buccata
Mabuya multifasciata
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (50 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Acanthus ilicifolius
Acrostichum aureum
Ageratum conyzoides
Alocasia macrorrhiza
Alternanthera sessilis
Avicennia alba
Avicennia marina
Avicennia officinalis
Avicennia sp.
Axonopus compressus
Bruguiera sexangula

Bruguiera sp.
Chloris barbata
Crinum asiaticum
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus javanicus
Cyperus rotundus
Derris trifoliata
Eleocharis dulcis
Eleuleusine indica
Erythrina fusca
Excoecaria agallocha
Gymnacranthera paniculata
Hibiscus tiliaceus
Imperata cylindrica
Ipomoea pescaprae
Kyllingia brevifolia
Lantana camara
Lumnitzera littorea
Lumnitzera racemosa
Mangifera indica
Mimosa invisa
Nypa fruticans
Pandanus tectorius
Paspalum vaginatum
Phragmites karka
Pluchea indica
Polygonum barbatum
Rhizophora mucronata
Rhizophora sp.
Saccharum spontaneum
Scirpus grossus
Scirpus littoralis
Sesuvium portulacastrum
Sonneratia caseolaris
Sonneratia sp.
Stachytarpheta indica
Suaeda maritima
Thespesia populnea
Vitis trifolia

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