South Sumatra Sungai Rawa Gambut Lematang Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Sumatra Rafting with 0 Comments

Sungai Rawa Gambut Lematang Nature Reserve

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Latitude : 3 7 12 S Logitude : 104 15 0 E
Altitude : 10 to 14 metres
Area : 44500 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Site Description
The peatswamps consist of 3 separate peatdomes that probably originated as topogenous peat, formed in perennially wet detressions between the levees of the Musi, Lematang and Bungin rivers – Peat depth averages about 4m, and is often over 6m. The peatswamps (as surveyed by Giesen, 1990) consist of 3 separate peat domes, which will be referred to (from east to west) as the Eastern Lematang Peatswamp, the Western Lematang Peatswamp and the Bungin Peatswamp. Originally all 3 sites were vegetated with tall mixed peatswamp forest, but logging and fires have altered this to the point that only degenerated and secondary forest remains.
Site Location
The Lematang River peatswamps lie south of the Musi River, about 50 kilometers west of Palembang in South Sumatra Province and straddle the river whose name they bear. PHPA is not represented in the area, the nearest office being that of the Kayu km 6, PO Box 288, tel (410948). The Balais office is in Tanjung Karang, Lampung Province. The peatswamps lie in two regencies: Kabupaten Musi-Banyiasin, where the Bungin Peatswamp and the northern-most five kilometre band of both Eastern and Western Lematang Peatswamps are found, and Kabupaten Muara Enim, where the remaining areas of the Eastern and Western Lematang Peatswamps are located.

List of Birds (44 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Alcedo atthis
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas querquedula
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Ardea purpurea
Ardeola speciosa
Artamus leucorynchus
Caprimulgus affinis
Centropus sinensis
Copsychus saularis
Delichon dasypus
Dendrocygna arcuata
Dendrocygna javanica
Egretta alba
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Gallinago gallinago
Geopelia striata
Gerygone sulphurea
Halcyon chloris
Halcyon coromanda Halcyon pileata
Halcyon smyrnensis
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Lower Risk App II
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ixobrychus sinensis
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Lonchura maja
Lonchura malacca
Merops viridis
Milvus migrans App II
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Pelargopsis capensis
Phalacrocorax carbo
Ploceus manyar
Pluvialis dominica
Porphyrio porphyrio
Psittinus cyanurus Lower Risk App II
Ptilinopus jambu
Pycnonotus aurigaster
Streptopelia chinensis

List of Mammals (6 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Arctictis binturong
Cervus unicolor
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Panthera tigris Endengered App I
Sus scrofa
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II

List of Fish (19 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Anabas testudineus
Belontia hasselti
Betta pugnax
Channa micropeltes
Channa pleurophthalmus
Chitala lopis

Clarias batrachus
Clarias nieuhofi
Kryptopterus cryptopterus
Kryptopterus micronema
Leptobarbus hoevenii
Mystus nemurus
Notopterus notopterus
Ompok bimaculatus
Pangasius polyuranodon
Rasbora argyrotaenia
Scleropages formosus Endengered App. I
Sphaerichthys osphromenoides
Zenarchopterus ectuntio

List of Crustaceans (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Macrobrachium sp.

   

List of Vegetations (61 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Adina minutiflora
Adinanthera lamponga
Aglaia odoratissima
Aglaia sp.
Alstonia palembanica
Alstonia pneumatophora
Anisoptera costata
Archidendron borneense
Artabotrys suaveolens
Artocarpus teysmanii
Barringtonia acutangula
Blechnum indicum
Blyxa auberti
Calamus manou
Calophyllum sp.
Campnosperma auriculata
Cleistanthus sumatranus
Coccoceras sumatrana
Combretocarpus rotundifolia
Cyperus halpan
Cyrtostachys lakka
Dyera costulata
Dysoxylum excelsum
Echinochloa stagnina
Eleocharis ochrostachys
Eleocharis retroflexa
Endospermum malaccense
Eugenia sp.
Fagraea fragrans
Ficus sp. Fimbristylis acuminata
Fimbristylis scaberrima
Flagellaria indica
Garcinia sp.
Gardenia sp.
Glochidion rubrum
Hymenachne acutigluma
Hypolytrum capitulatum
Ixonanthes icosandra
Jackia ornata
Koompassia malaccensis
Kurrimia paniculata
Macaranga sp.
Mangifera gedebe
Melaleuca cajuputi
Melastoma malabathricum
Myristica iners
Nepenthes mirabilis
Norrisia malaccensis
Pandanus sp.
Pternandra coerulescens
Salacca conferta
Scleria cyathophora
Scleria sumatrensis
Shorea leprosula
Shorea sumatrana
Stenochlaena palustris
Thoracostachyum bancanum
Trema tomentosa
Uncaria sp.
Xylopia altissima

 

 

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