Bengkulu, Dempo Volcano

Written by on July 30, 2012 in Sumatra Mountains with 0 Comments

Bengkulu, Dempo Volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0601-23=

dempo

Country: Indonesia

Subregion Name: Sumatra (Indonesia)

Volcano Number: 0601-23=

Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes

Volcano Status: Historical

Last Known Eruption: 2009 

Summit Elevation: 3173 m 10,410 feet

Latitude: 4.03°S 4°2’0″S

Longitude: 103.13°E 103°8’0″E

Dempo is a prominent 3173-m-high stratovolcano that rises above the Pasumah Plain of SE Sumatra. The andesitic Dempo volcanic complex has two main peaks, Gunung Dempo and Gunung Marapi, constructed near the SE rim of a 3 x 5 km caldera breached to the north. The one called Dempo is slightly lower, with an elevation of 3049 m and lies at the SE end of the summit complex. The taller Marapi cone, with a summit elevation 3173 m, was constructed within a crater cutting the older Gunung Dempo edifice. Remnants of 7 craters are found at or near the summit of the complex, with volcanism migrating to the WNW with time. The large, 800 x 1100 m wide historically active summit crater cuts the NW side of Gunung Marapi (not to be confused with Marapi volcano 500 km to the NW in Sumatra) and contains a 400-m-wide lake located at the far NW end of the crater complex. Historical eruptions have been restricted to small-to-moderate explosive activity that produced ashfall near the volcano.

Tags: , , ,

Subscribe

If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it.

Subscribe via RSS Feed

Leave a Reply

Top