Lampung Sumatra Way Kambas National Park Introduction

Written by on March 23, 2012 in Sumatera, Way Kambas National Park with 0 Comments

Way Kambas  National Park

Introduction

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Way Kambas National Park (130.000 ha) lies on Sumatra’s southeast coast in the province Lampung and easily reachable with the ferry from Java. It consists of swamp forest, lowland rainforest, mangrove forests, dry beach forests, Nibung swamps and vast areas of grass-land.
The park is famous for his Sumatran Elephants of which a large number comes from the Elephant Training School Pusat Latihan Gajah. Moreover, the reserve supports over 270 species of birds.
Access
There are four possibilities to enter the park.
Rajabasa station in Bandar Lampung (Tanjung Karang) to Way Kambas, also named Plang Hijau. The trip will take 2-3 hours (100 km). Panjang station in Bandar Lampung to Sribawono (1 hour). In Sribawono get on a bus to Way Jepara (1 hour) and from there with a minibus to Plang Hijau. Rajabasa station to Metro (1 hour) and from Metro to Way Jepara. Merak ferry terminal in Bakaheni, where the ferry from Java arrives, to Plang Hijau.
Permits for the park are available at the entrance in Plang Hijau.
Accomodation
In Way Kanan, in the park, are some simple bungalows. You should bring food.
Adresses
KSDA Jl. Raya Hajimena 1/b, Bandar Lampung
Trekking
Plang Hijau-Way Kanan (13 km) 3 hours From Way Kanan, by boat along the rivier Way Kanan to the river mouth in Kuala Kambas
Flora
A large part of the park is overgrown with Serdang Palms (Livistona hasselti). The lowland forest consists mainly of trees from the Dipterocarpacea family.
Fauna
Because of the vast areas of grass-land, Way Kambas is a reserve where you can easily spot the animals.

Flora
* Avicennia spp.
* Barringtonia spp.
* Casuarina spp.
* Dipterocarpus spp.
* Alang-alang – Imperata cylindrica
* Serdang palm – Livistona hasselti
* Nypa fruticans
* Oncosperma spp.
* Pandanus spp.

Mammals
* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Banded leaf monkey – Presbytis femoralis
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Agile gibbon – Hylobates agilis
* Siamang – Hylobates syndactylus
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Asiatic wild dog – Cuon alpinus
* Golden cat – Catopuma temminckii
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Sumatran tiger – Panthera tigris sumatrae
* Marbled cat – Pardofelis marmorata
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
 

* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
* Japanese Sparrowhawk – Accipiter gularis
* Besra – Accipiter virgatus
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Rufous-bellied Eagle – Hieraaetus kienerii
* Changeable Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus cirrhatus
* Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus nanus
* Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Black Bittern – Dupetor flavicollis
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax * Flat-headed cat – Prionailurus planiceps
* Fishing cat – Prionailurus viverrinus
* Oriental small-clawed otter -
* Common otter – Lutra lutra

# Hairy-nosed otter – Lutra sumatrana
# Yellow-throated marten – Martes flavigula
# Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus
# Otter-civet – Cynogale bennettii
# Banded palm civet – Hemigalus derbyanus
# Masked palm civet – Paguma larvata
# Malay civet – Viverra tangalunga
# Small Indian civet – Viverricula indica
# Sumatran elephant – Elephas maximus
# Sumatran rhinoceros – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
# Malayan tapir – Tapirus indicus
# Sambar – Cervus unicolor
# Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
# Wild boar – Sus scrofa
# Lesser mousedeer – Tragulus javanicus
# Large mousedeer – Tragulus napu
# Red giant flying squirrel – Petaurista petaurista
 

Reptiles
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Ghavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

Birds
* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Ferruginous Partridge – Caloperdix oculea
* Crested Partridge – Rollulus rouloul
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Crested Fireback – Lophura ignita
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Lesser Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna javanica
* White-winged Duck – Cairina scutulata
* Cotton Pygmy-goose – Nettapus coromandelianus
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Barred Buttonquail – Turnix suscitator
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* Sunda Woodpecker – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Banded Woodpecker – Picus mineaceus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker – Picus puniceus
* Checker-throated Woodpecker – Picus mentalis
* Olive-backed Woodpecker – Dinopium rafflesii
* Common Flameback – Dinopium javanense
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* Grey-and-buff Woodpecker – Hemicircus concretus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* Red-crowned Barbet – Megalaima rafflesii
* Red-throated Barbet – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Yellow-crowned Barbet – Megalaima henricii
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Coppersmith Barbet – Megalaima haemacephala
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Oriental Pied-Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Great Hornbill – Buceros bicornis
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* White-crowned Hornbill – Aceros comatus
* Wrinkled Hornbill – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Red-naped Trogon – Harpactes kasumba
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Cinnamon-rumped Trogon – Harpactes orrhophaeus
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* Small Blue Kingfisher – Alcedo coerulescens
* Black-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx erithacus
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Banded Kingfisher – Lacedo pulchella
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* White-throated Kingfisher – Halcyon smyrnensis
* Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* Red-bearded Bee-eater – Nyctyornis amictus
* Blue-throated Bee-eater – Merops viridis
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Chestnut-headed Bee-eater – Merops leschenaulti
* Chestnut-winged Cuckoo – Clamator coromandus
* Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus fugax
* Indian Cuckoo – Cuculus micropterus
* Banded Bay Cuckoo – Cacomantis sonneratii
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Rusty-breasted Cuckoo – Cacomantis sepulcralis
* Little Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx minutillus
* Violet Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Black-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus diardi
* Chestnut-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* Green-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus tristis
* Raffles’s Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Edible-nest Swiftlet – Aerodramus fuciphagus
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* Brown-backed Needletail – Hirundapus giganteus
* Asian Palm-Swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* Oriental Bay-Owl – Phodilus badius
* Reddish Scops-Owl – Otus rufescens
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Barred Eagle-Owl – Bubo sumatranus
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Brown Wood-Owl – Strix leptogrammica
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* Large Frogmouth – Batrachostomus auritus
* Gould’s Frogmouth – Batrachostomus stellatus
* Blyth’s Frogmouth – Batrachostomus affinis
* Sunda Frogmouth – Batrachostomus cornutus
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Savanna Nightjar – Caprimulgus affinis
* Bonaparte’s Nightjar – Caprimulgus concretus
* Rock Pigeon – Columba livia
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Zebra Dove – Geopelia striata
* Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon – Treron fulvicollis
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Large Green-Pigeon – Treron capellei
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Watercock – Gallicrex cinerea
* Masked Finfoot – Heliopais personata
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Sanderling – Calidris alba
* Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
* White-headed Stilt – Himantopus leucocephalus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius
* Kentish Plover – Charadrius alexandrinus
* Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii
* Oriental Plover – Charadrius veredus
* Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum
* Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Lesser Crested-Tern – Sterna bengalensis
* Common Tern – Sterna hirundo
* Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Bat Hawk – Macheiramphus alcinus
* Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Western Marsh-Harrier – Circus aeruginosus
 

# Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
# Malayan Night-Heron – Gorsachius melanolophus
# Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
# Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
# Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
# Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
# Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
# Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
# Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
# Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
# Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
# Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
# Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus
# Spot-billed Pelican – Pelecanus philippensis
# Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
# Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
# Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
# Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
# Christmas Island Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsi
# Banded Pitta – Pitta guajana
# Hooded Pitta – Pitta sordida
# Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
# Dusky Broadbill – Corydon sumatranus
# Black-and-red Broadbill – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
# Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
# Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
# Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
# Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
# Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
# Greater Green Leafbird – Chloropsis sonnerati
# Lesser Green Leafbird – Chloropsis cyanopogon
# Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
# Tiger Shrike – Lanius tigrinus
# Brown Shrike – Lanius cristatus
# Long-tailed Shrike – Lanius schach
# Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
# Mangrove Whistler – Pachycephala grisola
# Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
# Black Magpie – Platysmurus leucopterus
# Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
# White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
# Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
# Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
# Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike – Coracina striata
# Lesser Cuckooshrike – Coracina fimbriata
# Pied Triller – Lalage nigra
# Fiery Minivet – Pericrocotus igneus
# Scarlet Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
# Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike – Hemipus hirundinaceus
# Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
# Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
# Sumatran Drongo – Dicrurus sumatranus
# Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
# Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
# Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
# Japanese Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone atrocaudata
# Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
# Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
# Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
# Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
# Large Woodshrike – Tephrodornis gularis
# Orange-headed Thrush – Zoothera citrina
# Siberian Thrush – Zoothera sibirica
# Eyebrowed Thrush – Turdus obscurus
# Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
# Yellow-rumped Flycatcher – Ficedula zanthopygia
# Mugimaki Flycatcher – Ficedula mugimaki
# Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
# Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis rufigastra
# Siberian Blue Robin – Luscinia cyane
# Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
# White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
# Rufous-tailed Shama – Trichixos pyrropyga
# White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
# Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
# Asian Pied Starling – Sturnus contra
# Pale-bellied Myna – Acridotheres cinereus
# Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
# Velvet-fronted Nuthatch – Sitta frontalis
# Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
# Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
# Red-rumped Swallow – Hirundo daurica
# Straw-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus zeylanicus
# Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
# Sooty-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus aurigaster
# Puff-backed Bulbul – Pycnonotus eutilotus
# Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
# Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
# Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
# Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
# Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
# Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
# Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
# Buff-vented Bulbul – Iole olivacea
# Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis
# Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
# Bar-winged Prinia – Prinia familiaris
# Yellow-bellied Prinia – Prinia flaviventris
# Dark-necked Tailorbird – Orthotomus atrogularis
# Rufous-tailed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sericeus
# Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
# Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
# White-chested Babbler – Trichastoma rostratum
# Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
# Abbott’s Babbler – Malacocincla abbotti
# Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
# Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
# Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
# Sooty-capped Babbler – Malacopteron affine
# Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
# Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
# Grey-breasted Babbler – Malacopteron albogulare
# Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler – Pomatorhinus montanus
# Striped Wren-Babbler – Kenopia striata
# Grey-headed Babbler – Stachyris poliocephala
# Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
# Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
# Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
# Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
# Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
# Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
# Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus percussus
# Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus thoracicus
# Yellow-vented Flowerpecker – Dicaeum chrysorrheum
# Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
# Plain Sunbird – Anthreptes simplex
# Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
# Red-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes rhodolaema
# Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
# Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
# Purple-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia sperata
# Copper-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia calcostetha
# Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
# Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
# Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
# Thick-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera crassirostris
# Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
# Forest Wagtail – Dendronanthus indicus
# Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
# Grey Wagtail – Motacilla cinerea
# White-rumped Munia – Lonchura striata
# Javan Munia – Lonchura leucogastroides
# Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata
# White-bellied Munia – Lonchura leucogastra
# Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla
# White-headed Munia – Lonchura maja

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