Aceh Traditional Houses

Written by on October 1, 2010 in Sumatera Traditional Villages with 0 Comments

Aceh

Sumatra, Traditional Houses, Aceh

Rumoh Aceh The ‘Rumoh Aceh’ or traditional Acehnese house stands next to the Museum Aceh in the Keraton Compound survived from earth quake and tsunami. The Rumoh Aceh is built 2.5-3.5 metres above the ground. It has three rooms: • Ruang Depan, the ornatelycarved front gallery for receiving guests • Tungai, the sleeping quarters in the middle • Seuramo Likot, the back area reserved for women The middle room is about 50-75 cm higher than the back and front room.

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Confidence of individuals or communities and the natural conditions in which the individual or community life have a significant influence on the architecture, the house, which was made. It can be seen in the architecture Rumoh Aceh Special Province of Aceh, Indonesia. Rumoh Aceh is home to the stage with a pole between 2.50 to 3 meters high, consists of three or five rooms, with one main room, called vines. Rumoh with three rooms has 16 poles, while Rumoh with five rooms has 24 poles. Modification of three to five spaces or vice versa can be done easily, simply add or remove parts in the left or right side of the house. This section is called sramoe likot or back porch or veranda and sramoe reunyeun bertangga, where the entrance to the Rumoh which is always located in the east.

The main door Rumoh Aceh is always lower than the height of an adult. Usually the height of the door is only 120-150 cm sized so that each person who entered into Rumoh Aceh should bow. However, once inside, we will feel very airy room in the house because there was no furniture in the form of a chair or table. Everyone was sitting cross-legged on a mat Ngom (of similar material, weeds that grow in swamps) covered with pandanus mats.

Rumoh Aceh is not only shelter, but an expression of belief in God and adaptation to environment. Therefore, through Aceh Rumoh we can see the culture, lifestyle, and values ​​that are believed by the people of Aceh. Acehnese adaptation to the environment can be seen from the form Rumoh Aceh shaped stage, the beams ang made of wood choices, the walls of the board, and the roof of thatch. Use of nature can also be seen when they want to incorporate parts of the house, they do not use nails but using pegs or straps from rattan. Even though only made of wood, leaf thatched roofs, and do not use nails, Rumoh Aceh could last up to 200 years.

Beliefs influence the people of Aceh to the architecture of his house can be seen in the orientation of the house that always elongated from east to west, namely the front facing the east and the inside or back of the sacred in the west. West direction reflected the Acehnese community efforts to build an imaginary line to the Kaaba in Mecca. In addition, the influence of belief can also be seen in the use of buffer poles are always an even number, the amount of room that is always odd, and the steps that odd.

Aside from being a manifestation of public confidence and adaptation to the environment, the existence of Rumoh Aceh also shows the social status. The more ornate the Rumoh Aceh, then surely the richer inhabitants. For families who do not have excessive wealth, then simply garnish with relatively little or even none at all.
As the times are demanding all the things done effectively and efficiently, and the increasingly high cost of manufacture and maintenance Rumoh Aceh, then gradually less and less people of Aceh who built this traditional house. As a result, the number of Rumoh Aceh are increasingly less. People prefer to build a modern house made ​​of concrete manufacture and procurement of the material more easily than Rumoh Aceh making more complicated, more difficult material procurement, and maintenance costs are more expensive. However, there are also people who love the architectural heritage of their ancestors made ​​Rumoh Aceh attached to their concrete house.

Parts of Rumoh Aceh.
In general, divided into three parts: bottom, middle, and upper.

  • Bottom The bottom Rumoh Aceh or yup moh is a space between the ground floor of the house. This section serves to place children’s play, coop chicken, goats, and ducks. This place is also often used women to sell and make songket Aceh. This place is also used to store jeungki or pestle and krongs rice or rice-shaped container with a diameter and a height of about two meters.
  • Center The middle section is where all the Rumoh Aceh Acehnese community activities whether they are private or public nature. In this section, in general there are three rooms, namely: the front room, living room, and a back room.
    The front room (seuramo reungeun). This room is also called Seuramou-keu (front porch). Called room or front porch because here there is bungeun or ladder to get into the house. This room is no-room-room and the entrance is usually found at the end of the floor on the right. But some are making doors overlooking the courtyard, and stairs are on the edge of the floor. In everyday life this room serves to receive guests, the bed-sleeping boys, and where children learn the Koran. At certain moments such as when there is a marriage ceremony or ritual feast, then this room used to eat together. Middle of the room. This room is at the core of Rumoh Aceh, therefore called Rumoh Inong (main house). The floor in this section is higher than other rooms, is considered sacred, and very personal. In this room there are two chambers or bedrooms are located on either side and usually facing north or south with the door facing the rear. In between the two chambers are included gang (vines) that connects the front room and back room.
  • Rumoh Inong function is to sleep head of the family, and Anjong to bed girls. When her daughter married, she will occupy the house Inong are his parents moved to Anjong. When his daughter who married two men, older people will move to the porch or seuramo likot, during yet to make a new home or adding / widening his home. At the moment there is a wedding, the bride dipersandingkan in Rumoh Inong, as well as when there is death Rumoh Inong used as a place to bathe the corpse.
    The back room is called seuramo likot. Likot seuramo floor height equal to seuramo rengeun (front porch), and this room was not chambered. The function room is partly for the kitchen and dining, and is usually located in the eastern part of the room. It is also used to place talking to women as well as perform daily activities such as weaving and embroidery.
    However, sometimes separated the kitchen and was in the back of the rear porch. This room is called Rumoh Dapu (kitchen). The floor is slightly lower than the floor back porch.
  • The top This section is located at the top of the central foyer. Occasionally, in this section was given the (loft) which serves to keep the family goods. Aceh Rumoh roof is usually made of sago palm leaves tied with rattan that has been cleaved into small pieces.
Variety of Ornamental
In Rumoh Aceh, there are some decorative motifs were used, namely:

  • religious motives. Aceh Rumoh patterned ornaments are religious carvings taken from the verses of the Koran,
  • floral motifs. Floral motifs used are plants stelirisasi well-shaped leaves, roots, stems, or flowers. Carving stilirisasi shaped plants are not given a color, if any, the colors used are Red and Black. Ornamentation is usually found on rinyeuen (ladder), wall, tulak angen, kindang, beams on the hood, and a house window,
  • fauna motifs. Animal motifs which are commonly used are the animals that are often seen and liked,
  • natural motifs. Natural motifs used by the people of Aceh in them are: the sky and clouds, sky and moon, and stars and sea, and,
  • other motives, such as rantee, tongue, and so forth.

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