Riau Bukit Tiga puluh National Park Introduction

Written by on March 22, 2012 in Bukit Tiga puluh National Park with 0 Comments

Bukit Tiga puluh National Park

Introduction

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This hilly nature reserve in the province Riau is 120,000 ha. It is not yet an official nature reserve, but the area will get this status in the near future. In the reserve live a small number of Sumatran Elephants.
Access
The reserve lies near the big city Rengat.
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park forms part of a mountain chain that has a potential diversity of endemic plants and animal species of high value.
Ecosystem types within the forest area of the Park include lowland and highland forest types with flora such as jelutung (Dyera costulata), getah merah (Palaquium spp.), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), kempas (Koompassia excelsa), rumbai (Shorea spp.), cendawan muka rimau (Rafflesia hasseltii), jernang or palem darah naga (Daemonorops draco) and various kinds of rattan.
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park has 59 species of mammal, 6 species of primate, 151 species of bird, 18 species of bat and various species of butterfly.
Not only it is a habitat of Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), crested fireback (Lophura ignita), orange-bellied flowerpecker (Dicaeum trigonostigma), great argus pheasant (Argusianus argus argus), etc., the Park also protects the hydrology of the Kuantan Indragiri watershed.
Initially, the Park area consisted of protected forest and limited production forest. In spite of this, the Park’s forest areas are still in a relatively natural condition.
The communities living around the Park comprise several tribes with relatively intact traditions and cultures, namely the Anak Dalam and Talang Mamak. The Talang Mamak community, in particular, believes that the hills and plants in this area wield a magical power over their lives. Such a perception implies that they are actively participating in guarding and protecting the hills and plants of this Park.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Puputan Keling : beautiful views, and good for observing animals and plants.
Pintu Tujuh: caving.
Tembelung Berasap: waterfalls, bathing, and observing plants.
Batu Belipat and Batu Gatal: cultural interest. Rafting is possible along the Gangsal, Menggatai and Sipang rivers.
Kemantan: the ritual ceremonies of the Talang Mamak tribe.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include Siak Bermandah in June and Pacu Jalur in August, both held in Riau.
Best time of year to visit: March to July.
How to reach the Park: Pakanbaru-Siberida, about 4 hours by car (285 km), followed by walking along HPH (forest concession) roads.
total area of 144,223 hectares

Mammals
* Spotted-winged fruit bat – Balionycteris maculata
* White-collared fruit bat – Megaerops wetmorei
* Round-eared tube-nosed bat – Murina cyclotis
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Siamang – Hylobates syndactylus
* Banded leaf monkey – Presbytis femoralis
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Sumatran tiger – Panthera tigris sumatrae
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Aonyx cinerea
* Asian elephant – Elephas maximus
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus
* Malayan tapir – Tapirus indicus

Possibly
* Asiatic wild dog – Cuon alpinus
* Sumatran rhinoceros – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Reptiles
* Spiny Turtle – Heosemys spinosa
* Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle – Notochelys platynota
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Gavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

Fishes
* Gymnochanda limi
* Giant Gouramy – Osphronemus goramy
* Asian Arowana – Scleropages formosus

Birds
* [Black Patridge] – Melanoperdix nigra
* [Blue-breasted Quail] – Coturnix chinensis
* [Crested Partridge] – Rollulus rouloul
* Crestless Fireback – Lophura erythrophthalma
* [Crested Fireback] – Lophura ignita
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* [Lesser Whistling-Duck] – Dendrocygna javanica
* [White-winged Duck] – Cairina scutulata
* [Barred Buttonquail] – Turnix suscitator
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* [Sunda Woodpecker] – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* [Banded Woodpecker] – Picus mineaceus
* [Crimson-winged Woodpecker] – Picus puniceus
* [Checker-throated Woodpecker] – Picus mentalis
* [Olive-backed Woodpecker] – Dinopium rafflesii
* [Common Flameback] – Dinopium javanense
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* [Grey-and-buff Woodpecker] – Hemicircus concretus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* [Red-throated Barbet] – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Yellow-crowned Barbet – Megalaima henricii
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* [White-crowned Hornbill] – Aceros comatus
* [Wrinkled Hornbill] – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Cinnamon-rumped Trogon – Harpactes orrhophaeus
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* [Blue-eared Kingfisher] – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* [Black-backed Kingfisher] – Ceyx erithacus
* [Stork-billed Kingfisher] – Pelargopsis capensis
* [White-throated Kingfisher] – Halcyon smyrnensis
* [Collared Kingfisher] – Todirhamphus chloris
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* [Nyctyornis amictus] – Red-bearded Bee-eater
* [Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo] – Cuculus fugax
* [Plaintive Cuckoo] – Cacomantis merulinus
* [Drongo Cuckoo] – Surniculus lugubris
* [Black-bellied Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus diardi
* [Chestnut-bellied Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* [Raffles’s Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* [Greater Coucal] – Centropus sinensis
* [Lesser Coucal] – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* [Brown-backed Needletail] – Hirundapus giganteus
* [Asian Palm-Swift] – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* [Reddish Scops-Owl] – Otus rufescens
* [Sunda Scops-Owl] – Otus lempiji
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* [Large Frogmouth] – Batrachostomus auritus
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* [Large-tailed Nightjar] – Caprimulgus macrurus
* [Savanna Nightjar] – Caprimulgus affinis
* [Spotted Dove] – Streptopelia chinensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* [Pink-necked Green-Pigeon] – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Jambu Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus jambu
# [Green Imperial-Pigeon] – Ducula aenea
# [White-breasted Waterhen] – Amaurornis phoenicurus
# Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
# [Oriental Honey-buzzard] – Pernis ptilorhyncus
# Bat Hawk – Macheiramphus alcinus
# Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
# [Crested Goshawk] – Accipiter trivirgatus
# Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
# Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
# [Banded Pitta] – Pitta guajana
# Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
# [Black-and-red Broadbill] – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
# Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
# Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
# Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
# Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
# [Greater Green Leafbird] – Chloropsis sonnerati
# [Lesser Green Leafbird] – Chloropsis cyanopogon
# Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
# Brown Shrike – Lanius cristatus
# Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
# Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
# Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
# [Large-billed Crow] – Corvus macrorhynchos
# [White-breasted Woodswallow] – Artamus leucorynchus# Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
# [Black-naped Oriole] – Oriolus chinensis
# [Lesser Cuckooshrike] – Coracina fimbriata
# [Fiery Minivet] – Pericrocotus igneus
# [Scarlet Minivet] – Pericrocotus flammeus
# [Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike] – Hemipus hirundinaceus
# [Pied Fantail] – Rhipidura javanica
# Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
# Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
# Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
# Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
# Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
# Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
# Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
# Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
# Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
# [Large Woodshrike] – Tephrodornis gularis
# [Chestnut-capped Thrush] – Zoothera interpres
# [Fulvous-chested Jungle-Flycatcher] – Rhinomyias olivacea
# Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
# [Verditer Flycatcher] – Eumyias thalassina
# Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
# [Siberian Blue Robin] – Luscinia cyane
# [Oriental Magpie-Robin] – Copsychus saularis
# White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
# [Rufous-tailed Shama] – Trichixos pyrropyga
# White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
# Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
# [Velvet-fronted Nuthatch] – Sitta frontalis
# [Barn Swallow] – Hirundo rustica
# Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
# Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
# [Black-crested Bulbul] – Pycnonotus melanicterus
# Grey-bellied Bulbul – Pycnonotus cyaniventris
# [Puff-backed Bulbul] – Pycnonotus eutilotus
# [Yellow-vented Bulbul] – Pycnonotus goiavier
# Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
# Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
# Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
# Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
# [Grey-cheeked Bulbul] – Alophoixus bres
# Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
# Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
# [Buff-vented Bulbul] – Iole olivacea
# [Streaked Bulbul] – Ixos malaccensis
# [Bar-winged Prinia] – Prinia familiaris
# [Yellow-bellied Prinia] – Prinia flaviventris
# [Dark-necked Tailorbird] – Orthotomus atrogularis
# [Rufous-tailed Tailorbird] – Orthotomus sericeus
# [Ashy Tailorbird] – Orthotomus ruficeps
# [White-chested Babbler] – Trichastoma rostratum
# Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
# Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
# Buff-breasted Babbler – Pellorneum tickelli
# Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
# Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
# [Sooty-capped Babbler] – Malacopteron affine
# Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
# Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
# [Grey-breasted Babbler] – Malacopteron albogulare
# Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler – Pomatorhinus montanus
# [Striped Wren-Babbler] – Kenopia striata
# Large Wren-Babbler – Napothera macrodactyla
# [Rufous-fronted Babbler] – Stachyris rufifrons
# Grey-headed Babbler – Stachyris poliocephala
# [White-necked Babbler] – Stachyris leucotis
# Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
# Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
# Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
# Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
# Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
# Brown Fulvetta – Alcippe brunneicauda
# Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
# [Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker] – Prionochilus percussus
# [Fire-breasted Flowerpecker] – Dicaeum ignipectus
# [Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker] – Dicaeum cruentatum
# Plain Sunbird – Anthreptes simplex
# [Plain-throated Sunbird] – Anthreptes malacensis
# Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
# Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
# [Crimson Sunbird] – Aethopyga siparaja
# Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
# [Spectacled Spiderhunter] – Arachnothera flavigaster
# Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera chrysogenys
# Grey-breasted Spiderhunter – Arachnothera affinis
# [Eurasian Tree Sparrow] – Passer montanus
# [Paddyfield Pipit] – Anthus rufulus
# White-rumped Munia – Lonchura striata
# [Scaly-breasted Munia] – Lonchura punctulata
# [White-bellied Munia] – Lonchura leucogastra
# [White-headed Munia] – Lonchura maja

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