Jambi Berbak National Park Introduction

Written by on March 23, 2012 in Berbak National Park with 0 Comments

Berbak National Park

Introduction

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General
Berbak National Park is located on the east coast of Sumatra, in Jambi province, and is one of two Ramsar sites yet established in Indonesia. The park comprises an area of 162,500 ha. of partly inaccessible peat swamp forest with some freshwater swamps. There are small degrade mangrove clumps along its adjacent coast. Most of the coastline lies outside the park but within the proposed buffer zone. The shallow muddy Berbak coastline is a very important feeding site for migrating waders and other shore birds particularly during the months October to March.
The Air Hitam river, and its tributaries Simpang Gadja, Simpang Melaka and Simpang Kubu, flow through the area, while the River Benuh forms the site’s southern boundary. The rivers are oligotrophic, draining low-mineral peat. In brackish conditions near the coast, river banks are dominated by a 5 to 50m-wide belt of Nypa fruticans. As salinity decreases, the nypa fringe give way to a zone of Pandanus tectorius. This occurs 8-10km upstream, giving some indication of saline penetration on this flat alluvial plain. Riverine forest is often locally dominated by an association of the poisonous rengas tree Gluta renghas and Barringtonia spp. Within the peat swamp forest the low-sediment, black water rivers, have the appearance of strong tea. Both the colour and high acidity (pH3-4) result from the leaching of tannins and organic acids from the peat.
Large areas of the park are inaccessible due to forest flooding, making Berbak’s undisturbed peat swamp forest an important refuge for many animals including endangered species. Berbak is one of the most important reserves for tiger (estimate +20 individuals) and tapir in Indonesia. Its avifauna is very rich; MacKinnon (1993, Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali) lists 245 recorded bird species. These include the very rare white-winged wood duck, which, with local knowledge, is quite easy to see around Air Hitam Dalam with nine of the ten hornbills found on Sumatra represented. The park also supports more than 150 species of tree and at least 13 species of palm, making it the most palm-rich swamp yet recorded.
Twenty or so year’s ago Berbak swamps were inhabited by approximately 150 indigenous people of the nomadic Kubu tribe. However, it is now likely that they have gone from the area. The coastal fishing villages today largely consist of Bugis from Sulawesi who settled in the 1950s and 60s. Inland riverine villages along the Batanghari River are largely Melayu but also have immigrants from Java and West Sumatra.
Access
The national park is a wetland wilderness primarily set up for conservation. Visitors are welcome providing they register and follow a few simple rules intended to prevent damage and increase visitor safety.
Registration
A PHPA permit is obligatory and can be obtained from the park headquarters in Jambi city. In addition, researchers needs to get permission from LIPI in Bogor before they come to Indonesia.
The travel centre in the Novotel, Jambi City can contact the National Park Authority for you and provide you with further information. Alternatively, you can go to the National Park Offices in Jambi City with your passport or ID details (The park address is given below, ask a taxi driver to take you next door to Bank Exim). It is best to sort out the administration a few days in advance.
Transport
From Jambi City the park is a 2-hour boat journey along the Batanghari River. Most visitors, however, take a 1-hour car trip to the ancient Sriwijayan river port of Suak Kandis, established around 1,500 years ago. From there, hire a speed boat to the Air Hitam Dalam River. The river journey takes about 45 minutes. (Ask the boat driver to stop off at the 400-year old grave of Rang Kayo Hitam, en route.)
Safety and Enjoyment
Unless you are very experienced, take a park officer with you from the Suak Kandis Park Information Centre. This is usually insisted on. Your biggest danger is getting lost on foot, so do not go beyond calling distance of your boat. Take sunblock and insect repellent. Do not use matches in the park, as there is a serious risk of peat fires in the dry season.
For a longer stay of a few days, necessary to see the coastal area, take a speed boat from Suak Kandis to the coastal market town of Nipah Panjang (1.5 hours). From there hire a speed boat to Desa Air Hitam Laut. This is a major village located on the main coastal river entrance into the park. It can be reached in approximately four hours, although your travel time may double during the wet season (October to March), when waves are large and dangerous enough to swamp small speed boats. However, this is also the best time to see the large flocks of waders. Usually the village head can find a basic place for you to sleep. Then, next day travel down the coast to the Sungai Cemara mud flats. (Current rate to hire speed boat Rp 150,000/day, fuel extra).
Accommodation
Nipah Panjang has very rough “hotel” which is not to everyone’s taste.
You could get clean basic “homestay” accommodation in villages, such as at Simpang Datuk or Sungai Lokan, located at the northern tip of the park. Alternatively, with permission, take food and bedding and sleep in one of the park’s patrol posts.
Jambi offers a very wide range of hotels. The three top of the range are Novotel, Abadi – both central and in international style – and the new Tepian Ratu Hotel – a little out of the town centre and built in Indonesian style. All are very good. Due to the devaluation of the Indonesian Rupiah, at around $15 a night, they are exceptional value. It is usually not necessary to make reservations.
Other nearby sites of interest
If you come to Jambi town, visit the traditional batik making centre over the river in Sebrang and take a short car or river trip to the nearby 14th century temple complex of Muara Jambi. Jambi Province has been designated Indonesia “Ecotourism Province”. In contrast to the coastal swamplands of Berbak, also try visit the mountains of Kerici-Seblat National Park, about 8-10 hours away by car.
Addresses
* National Park Office is at Jl. Sri Soedewi, no 4, Telanaipura, Jambi.
Tel: [+62] (0)251 60251
* Wetlands International in Bogor have close links with the National Park.
Tel/Fax [+62] (0)251 325755
Email:wi-ip@server.indo.net.id
Hotel Reservations
* Abadi: [+62] (0)741 25600
* Novotel: [+62] (0)741 27208
Email: novonet@jambi.net.id
* Tepian Ratu: [+62] (0)741 668888
Email: tepianratu@jambi.net.id

Mammals
* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Moonrat – Echinosorex gymnura
* Southeast Asian white-toothed shrew – Crocidura fuliginosa
* Common treeshrew – Tupaia glis
* Lesser treeshrew – Tupaia minor
* Malayan flying lemur – Cynocephalus variegatus
* Large flying fox – Pteropus vampyrus
* Malaysian sheath-tailed bat – Emballonura monticola
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Banded leaf monkey – Presbytis femoralis
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Agile – Hylobates agilis
* Siamang – Hylobates syndactylus
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Sumatran tiger – Panthera tigris sumatrae
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
* Fishing cat – Prionailurus viverrinus
* Eurasian otter – Lutra lutra
* Hairy-nosed otter – Lutra sumatrana
* Yellow-throated marten – Martes flavigula
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus
* Binturong – Arctictis binturong
* Small-toothed palm civet – Arctogalidia trivirgata
* Banded palm civet – Hemigalus derbyanus
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Banded linsang – Prionodon linsang
* Bottle-nose dolphin – Tursiops truncatus
* Finless porpoise – Neophocaena phocaenoides
* Malayan tapir – Tapirus indicus
* Sambar – Cervus unicolor
* Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Bearded pig – Sus barbatus
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Lesser mouse deer – Tragulus javanicus
* Greater mouse deer – Tragulus napu
* Common short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix brachyura
* Red giant flying squirrel – Petaurista petaurista
* White-bellied flying squirrel – Petinomys setosus
* Vordermann’s flying squirrel – Petinomys vordermanni
* Black-striped squirrel – Callosciurus nigrovittatus
* Plantain squirrel – Callosciurus notatus
* Prevost’s squirrel – Callosciurus prevostii
* Three-striped ground squirrel – Lariscus insignis
* Horse-tailed squirrel – Sundasciurus hippurus
* Low’s squirrel – Sundasciurus lowii
* Slender little squirrel – Sundasciurus tenuis
* Common giant squirrel – Ratufa affinis

Possibly
* Sumatran rhinoceros – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Reptiles
* River Terrapin – Batagur baska
* South Asian Box Turtle – Cuora amboinensis
* Asian Leaf Turtle – Cyclemys dentata
* Bornean Terrapin – Orlitia borneensis
* Black Marsh Turtle – Siebenrockiella crassicollis
* Asian Softshell Turtle – Amyda cartilaginea
* Malayan Softshell Turtle – Dogonia subplana
* Asian Giant Softshell Turtle – Pelochelys bibroni
* Draco cornutus
* Draco maximus
* Common Flying Lizard – Draco volans
* Spotted House Gecko – Gekko monarchus
* House Gecko – Hemidactylus frenatus
* Six-lined Grass Lacerta – Tachydromus sexlineatus
* Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata
* Mabuya rudis
* Brown Rough-neck Monitor – Varanus dumerilii
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Javan Wart Snake – Acrochordus javanicus
* Green Whip Snake – Ahaetulla prasina
* Yellow-ringed Cat Snake – Boiga dendrophila
* Bockadam or Dog-faced Watersnake – Cerberus rhynchops
* Paradise Flying Snake – Chrysopelea paradisi
* Twin-barred Flying Snake – Chrysopelea pelias
* Painted Bronze-back – Dendrelaphis pictus
* Puff-faced Water Snake – Homalopsis buccata
* Brown Kukri Snake – Oligodon purpurascens
* Indo-Chinese Rat Snake – Ptyas korros
* Striped Keelback – Xenochrophis vittatus
* Keeled Rat Snake – Zaocys carinatus
* Malayan Pit-Viper – Calloselasma rhodostoma
* Wagler’s Pit Viper – Trimeresurus wagleri
* Banded Krait – Bungarus fasciatus
* Indonesian Spitting Cobra – Naja sumatrana
* Reticulated python – Python reticulatus
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Ghavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

Amphibians
* Malayan Giant Toad – Bufo asper
* Sumatra Toad – Bufo sumatranus
* False Toad – Pseudobufo subasper
* Müller’s Narrowmouth Frog – Kaloula baleata
* Crab-eating Frog – Limnonectes cancrivorus
* Rice Field Frog – Limnonectes limnocharis

Fishes
* Asian Arowana – Scleropages formosus

 

Birds
* Black Partridge – Melanoperdix nigra
* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* Lesser Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna javanica
* White-winged Duck – Cairina scutulata
* Garganey – Anas querquedula
* Speckled Piculet – Picumnus innominatus
* Sunda Woodpecker – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Grey-capped Woodpecker – Dendrocopos canicapillus
* Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker – Dendrocopos macei
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Banded Woodpecker – Picus mineaceus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker – Picus puniceus
* Checker-throated Woodpecker – Picus mentalis
* Common Flameback – Dinopium javanense
* Greater Flameback – Chrysocolaptes lucidus
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* Grey-and-buff Woodpecker – Hemicircus concretus
* Great Slaty Woodpecker – Mulleripicus pulverulentus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* Red-crowned Barbet – Megalaima rafflesii
* Red-throated Barbet – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Coppersmith Barbet – Megalaima haemacephala
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Oriental Pied-Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Great Hornbill – Buceros bicornis
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* White-crowned Hornbill – Aceros comatus
* Wrinkled Hornbill – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* Black-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx erithacus
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Banded Kingfisher – Lacedo pulchella
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* White-throated Kingfisher – Halcyon smyrnensis
* Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* Blue-throated Bee-eater – Merops viridis
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Chestnut-winged Cuckoo – Clamator coromandus
* Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus fugax
* Indian Cuckoo – Cuculus micropterus
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Violet Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Chestnut-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* Raffles’s Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Red-breasted Parakeet – Psittacula alexandri
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* Silver-backed Needletail – Hirundapus cochinchinensis
* Brown-backed Needletail – Hirundapus giganteus
* Asian Palm-swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* Reddish Scops-Owl – Otus rufescens
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Barred Eagle-Owl – Bubo sumatranus
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Savanna Nightjar – Caprimulgus affinis
* Silvery Wood-Pigeon – Columba argentina
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Barred Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia unchall
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Zebra Dove – Geopelia striata
* Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon – Treron fulvicollis
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* Red-legged Crake – Rallina fasciata
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Ruddy-breasted Crake – Porzana fusca
* Band-bellied Crake – Porzana paykullii
* White-browed Crake – Porzana cinerea
* Watercock – Gallicrex cinerea
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Nordmann’s Greenshank – Tringa guttifer
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Ruddy Turnstone – Arenaria interpres
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Great Knot – Calidris tenuirostris
* Sanderling – Calidris alba
* Rufous-necked Stint – Calidris ruficollis
* Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
* Broad-billed Sandpiper – Limicola falcinellus
* Pheasant-tailed Jacana – Hydrophasianus chirurgus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius
* Kentish Plover – Charadrius alexandrinus
* Malaysian Plover – Charadrius peronii
# Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
# Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii
# Oriental Plover – Charadrius veredus
# Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum
# Pomarine Jaeger – Stercorarius pomarinus
# Common Black-headed Gull – Larus ridibundus
# Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
# Caspian Tern – Sterna caspia
# Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
# Lesser Crested-Tern – Sterna bengalensis
# Roseate Tern – Sterna dougallii
# Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
# Common Tern – Sterna hirundo
# Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
# Bridled Tern – Sterna anaethetus
# Sooty Tern – Sterna fuscata
# Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
# White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
# Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
# Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
# Black Baza – Aviceda leuphotes
# Oriental Honey-buzzard – Pernis ptilorhyncus
# Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
# Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
# White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
# Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
# Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
# Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
# Shikra – Accipiter badius
# Chinese Goshawk – Accipiter soloensis
# Besra – Accipiter virgatus

# Common Buzzard – Buteo buteo
# Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
# Changeable Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus cirrhatus
# Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus alboniger
# Wallace’s Hawk-eagle – Spizaetus nanus
# Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
# Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
# Oriental Hobby – Falco severus
# Peregrine Falcon – Falco peregrinus
# Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
# Little Cormorant – Phalacrocorax niger
# Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis
# Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
# Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis
# Black-crowned Night-heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
# Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
# Chinese Egret – Egretta eulophotes
# Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
# Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
# Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
# Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
# Great Egret – Ardea alba
# Intermediate Egret – Ardea intermedia
# Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
# Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
# Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
# Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus
# Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
# Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
# Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
# Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
# Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
# Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
# Christmas Island Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsi
# Dusky Broadbill – Corydon sumatranus
# Black-and-red Broadbill – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
# Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
# Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
# Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
# Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
# Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
# Greater Green Leafbird – Chloropsis sonnerati
# Lesser Green Leafbird – Chloropsis cyanopogon
# Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
# Tiger Shrike – Lanius tigrinus
# Brown Shrike – Lanius cristatus
# Long-tailed Shrike – Lanius schach
# Mangrove Whistler – Pachycephala grisola
# Black Magpie – Platysmurus leucopterus
# Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
# Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
# White-breasted Wood-swallow – Artamus leucorynchus
# Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
# Black-hooded Oriole – Oriolus xanthornus
# Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike – Coracina striata
# Pied Triller – Lalage nigra
# Ashy Minivet – Pericrocotus divaricatus
# Small Minivet – Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
# Fiery Minivet – Pericrocotus igneus
# Scarlet Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
# Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike – Hemipus hirundinaceus
# White-throated Fantail – Rhipidura albicollis
# Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
# Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
# Black Drongo – Dicrurus macrocercus
# Crow-billed Drongo – Dicrurus annectans
# Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
# Lesser Racquet-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus remifer
# Greater Racquet-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
# Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
# Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
# Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
# Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
# Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
# Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
# Yellow-rumped Flycatcher – Ficedula zanthopygia
# Little Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula westermanni
# Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
# Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis rufigastra
# Siberian Blue Robin – Luscinia cyane
# Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
# White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
# Rufous-tailed Shama – Trichixos pyrropyga
# Pied Bushchat – Saxicola caprata
# Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
# Asian Pied Starling – Sturnus contra
# Pale-bellied Myna – Acridotheres cinereus
# Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
# Velvet-fronted Nuthatch – Sitta frontalis
# Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
# Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
# Straw-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus zeylanicus
# Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
# Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
# Sooty-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus aurigaster
# Puff-backed Bulbul – Pycnonotus eutilotus
# Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
# Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
# Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
# Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
# Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
# Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
# Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
# Buff-vented Bulbul – Iole olivacea
# Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis
# Yellow-bellied Prinia – Prinia flaviventris
# Oriental White-eye – Zosterops palpebrosus
# Oriental Reed-warbler – Acrocephalus orientalis
# Common Tailorbird – Orthotomus sutorius
# Dark-necked Tailorbird – Orthotomus atrogularis
# Rufous-tailed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sericeus
# Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
# Olive-backed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sepium
# Sunda Warbler – Seicercus grammiceps
# White-crested Laughingthrush – Garrulax leucolophus
# White-chested Babbler – Trichastoma rostratum
# Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
# Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
# Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
# Sooty-capped Babbler – Malacopteron affine
# Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
# Grey-breasted Babbler – Malacopteron albogulare
# Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
# Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler – Macronous ptilosus
# White-browed Shrike-Babbler – Pteruthius flaviscapis
# Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
# Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus percussus
# Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
# Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum cruentatum
# Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
# Red-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes rhodolaema
# Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
# Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
# Purple-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia sperata
# Copper-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia calcostetha
# Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
# Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
# Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
# Thick-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera crassirostris
# Long-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera robusta
# Spectacled Spiderhunter – Arachnothera flavigaster
# Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera chrysogenys
# Grey-breasted Spiderhunter – Arachnothera affinis
# Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
# Forest Wagtail – Dendronanthus indicus
# Streaked Weaver – Ploceus manyar
# Baya Weaver – Ploceus philippinus
# Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata
# White-headed Munia – Lonchura maja

 

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