South Sumatra Ogan Komering Lebaks Kab. Oki

Written by on November 19, 2010 in South Sumatera Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Ogan Komering Lebaks Kab. Oki

Ogan-Komering_to

Latitude : 3 33 26 S Logitude : 104 40 8 E
Altitude : 0 to 50 metres Area : 200000 ha Wetlands: 200000 ha
Status : Legislation :
Tenure : Government of Indonesia
Site Description
The Ogan – Komering lebaks form a system of shallow lakes within the floodplain of the Ogan and Komering rivers. These lakes are highly seasonal as floodwaters may extend over an area of about 200,000 ha, but recede to just under 4,000 ha in July-August. The largest permanent lakes are L. Deling (620 ha), L. Teloko (480 ha), L. Keramunting (460 ha), L.Muru (350 ha), and L. Danau (280 ha). Average depth in the wet season is about 4 m (range 1.5 – 7 m), and 1.5 m in the dry season (range 0 – 4 m). Altitude of most of the lebaks is 2 – 6 m above sealevel, exceptions being L. Tanjung Gelam, L. Betung and L. Belantik, which lie between 10 – 20 m altitude. During the wet season the water level in the lebaks rises by 2 – 3 m. Much of this usually consists of floodwaters from either the Ogan or Komering mixed with water from the lebaks’ own small catchment, but some lebaks (eg. the aforementioned three) only receive input from their own catchment.
Site Location
The Ogan-Komering lebaks, or floodplain lakes, are located in Ogan-Komering Ilir Regency (Kabupaten OKI), in South Sumatra Province. Kayu Agung township, the regency’s capital, is centrally located and accessible by road. It may also be reached by speedboat from Palembang in about 4 – 5 hours, either by following the Komering River directly or by following the Ogan River up to Tanjung Raja village, and from there entering the Komering River via a connecting stream. Other key townships are Pedamaran (1/2 hour by road from Kayu Agung), Lubuk Liat (2 1/2 hours by road from Palembang, via Tanjung Raja), and Pampangan (4 hours by speedboat from Palembang, or 2 1/2 hours by speedboat from Kayu Agung; roads are in very poor condition and not recommended). Most lebaks that retain water during the dry months are accessible by speedboat from the main river, exceptions being lakes Belantik, Meranjat and Petai, which can only be reached by sampan. Tidal influences are noticeable north (downstream) of the line Indralaya-Pampangan; at Muara Batun village the tidal range on the Komering River was measured to be about 80 cm (10/08/90), while at Kayu Agung it was no longer noticeable. This tidal movement affects river transport in the dry months, June – October, though both Ogan and Komering remain navigable for speedboats throughout OKI Regency. The PHPA is not represented in OKI, the nearest office being that of the Sub-Balai KSDA in Palembang (Jl. Kol. H. Barlian/Punti Kayu km 6: Karang, Lampung Province. The Inland Fisheries Research Institute has an office in Mariana, near Palembang, and a field station in the lebak area at Lubuk Lampan village, on the Lempuing River (1 hour by speedboat from Pedamaran).

 

List of Birds (64 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Actitis hypoleucos
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo coerulescens
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gibberifrons
Anas querquedula
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anthracoceros malayanus Lower Risk App II
Ardea cinerea
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola bacchus
Ardeola speciosa
Artamus fuscus
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Caprimulgus affinis
Chlidonias hybridus
Ciconia episcopus
Copsychus saularis
Delichon dasypus
Dendrocygna arcuata
Dendrocygna javanica
Dicrurus remifer
Dinopium javanense
Dupetor flavicollis
Egretta alba
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Gallinula chloropus
Geopelia striata
Gerygone sulphurea
Glareola maldivarum Halcyon chloris
Halcyon coromanda
Halcyon pileata
Halcyon smyrnensis
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Himantopus himantopus
Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Lower Risk App II
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ixobrychus sinensis
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Lonchura maja
Lonchura malacca
Merops viridis
Milvus migrans App II
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Oriolus chinensis
Pelargopsis capensis
Phalacrocorax carbo
Ploceus manyar
Pluvialis dominica
Porphyrio porphyrio
Psittinus cyanurus Lower Risk App II
Ptilinopus jambu
Pycnonotus aurigaster
Rhipidura albicollis
Streptopelia chinensis
Tringa erythropus
Tringa glareola
Tringa stagnatilis

   

List of Mammals (17 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Arctictis binturong
Callosciurus notatus
Cervus unicolor
Felis viverrinus Lower Risk App II
Helarctos malayanus Deficient Data App I
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
 

 

Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
Panthera tigris Endengered App I
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Prionodon linsang App II
Pteropus vampyrus App II
Sundamys muelleri
Sus scrofa
Tapirus indicus Vulnerable App I
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II
Tragulus napu

List of Fish (62 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Anabas testudineus
Bagrichthys hypselopterus
Bagroides melapterus
Barbodes gonionotus
Barbodes schwanenfeldii
Botia macracanthus
Ceratoglanis scleronema
Channa melanopterus
Channa micropeltes
Channa pleurophthalmus
Channa striata
Chitala lopis
Clarias batrachus
Clarias nieuhofi
Cyclocheilichthys enoplos
Hampala macrolepidota
Helicophagus typus
Helicophagus waandersi
Helostoma temminckii
Hemisilurus heterorhynchos
Himantura bleekeri
Kryptopterus apogon
Kryptopterus bicirrhis
Kryptopterus cryptopterus
Kryptopterus hexapterus
Kryptopterus limpok
Kryptopterus micronema
Kryptopterus schilbeides
Labiobarbus fasciatus
Labiobarbus festivus Labiobarbus ocellatus
Leptobarbus hoevenii
Luciosoma trinema
Macrochirichthys macrochirus
Macrognathus maculatus
Mastacembelus armatus
Mastacembelus paucipinnis
Monopterus albus
Mystus nemurus
Mystus nigriceps
Notopterus notopterus
Ompok bimaculatus
Ompok eugeneiatus
Ompok hypophthalmus
Ompok leiacanthus
Oreochromis mossambicus
Osteochilus hasseltii
Osteochilus triporos
Pangasius micronema
Pangasius pangasius
Puntioplites waandersi
Rasbora argyrotaenia
Scleropages formosus Endengered App. I
Setipinna melanochir
Tetraodon palembangensis
Thynnichthys polylepis
Thynnichthys thynnoides
Tor douronensis
Trichogaster leerii
Trichogaster pectoralis
Trichogaster trichopterus
Wallago leeri

List of Crustaceans (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Hadropenaeus lucasii

List of Mollusks (4 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellamya javanica
Corbicula javanica
Pseudodon vondenbuschianus
Rectidens sumatrensis

List of Reptiles (8 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellia crassicollis App II
Cerberus rhynchops
Crocodylus porosus Vulnerable App II
Enhydris enhydris
Mabuya multifasciata
Python reticulatus App II
Tomistoma schlegelii Deficient Data App I
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (119 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Abelmoschus moschatus
Acrostichum aureum
Alstonia angustifolia
Alstonia spatulacea
Artocarpus teysmanii
Azolla pinnata
Barringtonia acutangula
Bhesa sp.
Calamus sp.
Campnosperma minor
Cassia alata
Castanopsis sp.
Ceratophyllum demersum
Ceratopteris thalictroides
Coccoceras sumatrana
Colocasia esculenta
Combretocarpus rotundatus
Cratoxylum arborescens
Cyperus babakan
Cyperus cephalotes
Cyperus halpan
Cyperus imbricatus
Cyperus pilosus
Cyperus platystylis
Cyperus tenuiculmis
Digitaria setigera
Dillenia sp.
Echinochloa stagnina
Eclipta alba
Eichhornia crassipes
Elaeocarpus littoralis
Eleocharis acutangula
Eleocharis dulcis
Eleocharis ochrostachys
Eleocharis retroflexa
Eragrostis unioloides
Eriocaulon longifolium
Erythrina fusca
Eugenia sp.
Eugenia spicata
Fagraea elliptica
Fagraea fragrans
Ficus microcarpa
Fimbristylis acuminata
Fimbristylis aestivalis
Fimbristylis dichotoma
Fimbristylis dipsacea
Fimbristylis globulosa
Fimbristylis griffithii
Fimbristylis miliacea
Fimbristylis pauciflora
Fimbristylis scaberrima
Flacourtia rukam
Flagellaria indica
Fuirena umbellata
Garcinia dioica

 

Gluta renghas
Grangea maderaspatana
Hanguana malayana
Hedyotis diffusa
Heliotropium indicum
Hydrilla verticillata
Hymenachne acutigluma
Hymenocardia wallichi
Hypolytrum capitulatum
Hyptis brevipes
Impatiens balsamina
Ipomoea aquatica
Ipomoea sp.
Lagerstroemia speciosa
Leersia hexandra
Lemna perpusilla
Lepironia articulata
Limnophila erecta
Ludwigia adscendens
Ludwigia hyssopifolia
Ludwigia octovalvis
Lygodium microphyllum
Melaleuca cajuputi
Melastoma malabathricum
Melochoria corchorifolia
Merremia hederacea
Merremia sp.
Mikania micrantha
Mimosa pigra
Monochoria hastata
Murdannia nudiflora
Najas indica
Nauclea orientalis
Nelumbo nucifera
Nepenthes mirabilis
Nymphaea nouchali
Nymphoides indica
Oryza rufipogon
Pandanus helicopus
Panicum repens
Paspalum commersonii
Paspalum conjugatum
Phragmites karka
Polygonum barbatum
Polygonum pulchrum
Rhynchospora rubra
Rottboellia exaltata
Sacciolepis myosuroides
Salvinia molesta
Scirpus grossus
Scleria biflora
Scleria ciliaris
Scleria sumatrana
Sesbania javanica
Setaria pallide-fusca
Sindora leiocarpa
Sphaeranthus africanus
Stenochlaena palustris
Thoracostachyum bancanum
Tristaniopsis obovata
Utricularia aurea
Utricularia punctata
Xanthophyllum lanceatum

   

 

 

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