Riau Danau Pulau Besar and Danau Bawah Wildlife Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Riau Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Danau Bawa – Pulau Besar Nature Reserve

pulau-besar

Latitude : 0 35 26 N Logitude : 102 16 15 E
Altitude :0 to 6 metres
Area : 23750 ha Wetlands: 20000 ha
Legislation : SK Mentan No.846/Kpts/Um/11/1980, 25-10/80
Tenure : Government of Indonesia
Site Description
This area is peatswamp forest with two lakes, one with an island (Pulau Besar). The flora is an excellent example of Shorea and Ramin swamp forests. It is an attractive area rich in wildlife with many endangered species. Principal vegetation: 16,000 ha peatswamp forest, 4,000 ha freshwater swamp forest.
Site Location
Cagar alam Danau Bawah dan Pulau Besar is situated in east-central Sumatra, approximately 90 km east north of Pakanbaru or lies south of Siak Sri Inderapura. A minor roadway passes to the west. From Pekanbaru take a bus (3-4 hours) or a boat along the river Siak to Siak Sri Inderapura (3-8 hours, depending on the speed of the boat). In Siak Sri Inderapura hire a jeep to the reserve. The trip is only possible during the dry season.

List of Birds (33 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Alcedo meninting
Arachnothera affinis
Arachnothera longirostra
Arachnothera robusta
Buceros rhinoceros App II
Chrysocolaptes validus
Copsychus malabaricus
Copsychus saularis
Crypsirina temia
Cuculus merulinus
Cuculus sparverioides
Dicaeum cruentatum
Dicrurus paradiseus
Gracula religiosa
Haliastur indus App II Hirundo daurica
Loriculus galgulus App II
Macronous gularis
Megalaima haemacephala
Megalaima rafflesii Lower Risk
Meiglyptes tristis
Orthotomus ruficeps
Orthotomus sericeus
Pachycephala cinerea
Prinia flaviventris
Psittacula longicauda App II
Pteruthius flaviscapis
Pycnonotus brunneus
Pycnonotus eutilotus
Stachyris nigriceps
Treron sphenura
Treron vernans
Turdus obscurus

 

List of Mammals (18 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Arctictis binturong
Callosciurus notatus
Cervus unicolor
Elephas maximus Endengered App I
Felis bengalensis App I
Felis marmorata Deficient Data App I
Helarctos malayanus Deficient Data App I
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Macaca nemestrina Vulnerable App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Panthera tigris Endengered App I
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Presbytis melalophos App II
Sundasciurus lowii
Sus scrofa
Symphalangus syndactylus Lower Risk App I
Tapirus indicus Vulnerable App I
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II

List of Reptiles (1 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Tomistoma schlegelii Deficient Data App I

List of Vegetations (5 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Gonystylus bancanus
Melaleuca leucadendron
Shorea sp.
Shorea spp.
Terminalia sp.

 

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