North Sumatra Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in North Sumatera Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve, 

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General
The Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve comprises an area of 16,000 ha in North Sumatra province. The reserve was established during Dutch colonial government but lost its status after independence. Most of the reserve was clear-cut and taken over by local residents, who constructed fish-ponds and rice-paddies. In 1980 an area of 16,000 ha regained the status of wildlife reserve.
Due to vigilant guarding by the PHPA, the mangrove forest has regenerated and fish-ponds and rice-paddies have been abandoned. Habitats in the reserve consist of mangrove forest, some beach forest and swamp land. The area has a particularly rich bird life.

Access
The KGLTL Wildlife Reserve lies about 30 km from Medan in North Sumatra Province. The area can be reached by boat from Belawan, the harbour of Medan (4 hr.). To get to Belawan take a (mini)-bus from Amplas or Pinang Baris bus station in Medan.
An other and easier approach to the reserve is via one of the three PHPA guard posts at:
* Karang Gading village, which can be reached by road in about 2 hours, via Stabat and Hinaikiri.
* Secanggang, by road from Medan.
* Tanjungpura, by road from Medan.

Accommodation
* Medan
o Many possibilities

Addresses
Balai Konservation Sumber Daya Alam I, Jalan Sisingamangaraja Km. 5,5, Medan
PHPA post, Karang Gading
PHPA post, Secanggang
PHPA post, Tanjungpura

At the time it was made a wildlife reserve, this area had been entirely clear-felled, and local residents had constructed canals and created rice-paddies and fish ponds over an area of more than 2000 ha in the Karang Gadang part of the reserve. Since then, mainly due to vigilant guarding by PHPA staff, the logged over forest has regenerated, and rice paddies and fishponds have largely been abandoned and are in the process of regeneration. 75% of the reserve is regenerated mangrove, 15% is abandoned fishponds and rice- paddies, and the rest is mostly open water (rivers and creeks). A small amount of Casuarina woodland exists. Another important type of habitat exists techincally outside of the reserve, namely coastal mudflats and sandbars, but which was surveyed because it can be considered an enclave of the reserve. Furthermore it is recommended that they be included in the reserve as they are integral to certain faunal elements in the reserve. Belawan contains one of the few surviving examples of mangrove forest on this side of the province. The site supports associated mangrove flora and fauna, and has a particularly rich bird life. The inland dry forest areas have been cleared. The remaining sandy areas have Casarina equisetifolia forest. Sea turtles occasionally visit the sandy beaches. Principal vegetation: Mangrove.
Site Location
About 30 km from Medan in Northern Sumatra Province. Though it may be entered by boat, which involves a four hour trip from the port town of Belawan (a 20 minute drive from Medan), the best way to enter the reserve is via one of the three PHPA guard posts, that are all on the landward side. Closest to Medan is the one at Karang Gading village, which can be reached by road from the provincial capital in about 2 hours, via Stabat and Hinaikiri. Only the last 500m are unpaved and require a 4WD vehicle. The other 2 posts are located near Secanggang and Tanjungpura, respectively and may be reached via these 2 towns. The 1:250 scale 1986 BAKOSURTANAL map (no 0619) is very inaccurate. Source: Giesen, W (1991) Survey Report No 10. The Belawan site lies on the north east coast of Sumatra in the Medan Province. It’s southern boundary is north of the Belawan settlement, approximately 25 km North of Medan, and the site runs along the coast including Tanjung Beting Camar, Tanjung Nipah larangan and Ka Jaringalusbesar.

Flora
* Brownlowia tersa
* Casuarina equisetifolia
* Sonneratia ovata

Mammals
* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Aonyx cinerea
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus

Birds
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus

Reptiles
* River Terrapin – Batagur baska
* Black Marsh Turtle – Siebenrockiella crassicollis
* Equatorial Spitting Cobra – Naja sumatrana
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus

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