Central Sulawesi Togean Islands National Park Introduction

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Togean Islands National Park with 0 Comments

Central Sulawesi

Togean Islands National Park

Introduction

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http://www.rareconservation.org/programs/page.php?subsection=Rare Pride&name=PrideSuccess_togeanislands

The Togean Islands of Indonesia—spanning 90 kilometers and consisting of six main rugged islands and 60 smaller satellite islands–are an ecologically vital component of the region’s ‘coral triangle’ between Sulawesi, Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Rich in marine biodiversity, the waters surrounding the Togean Islands contain at least 262 species of coral, 45 of which can only be found in this area. When local conservationist Putu Sarilani Wirawan began planning a Rare Pride campaign to protect the Islands’ treasures, she chose the endemic Napoleon wrasse, a brilliant blue fish with a threatened coral habitat, as the flagship mascot.

Despite the beauty and rich biodiversity of the Togean Islands, these still waters are under constant threat by destructive fishing techniques (especially use of dynamite and cyanide), including those used to meet the global demand for Napoleon wrasse. The use of dynamite fishing rather than more sustainable economic practices is indicative of a larger social problem: poverty. A total of 29 villages in the Togean Islands are classified as poor, with an annual per capita income of approximately $78 US. Impoverished residents have few options, making conservation challenging.

Putu’s 2001-02 Pride campaign used a variety of marketing techniques to raise awareness of the long term effect marine destruction would have on local livelihoods. These included a puppet show seen by more than 5,000 students; visits from the Napoleon wrasse mascot to 55 primary schools; and 4,000 copies of a conservation-themed activity magazine distributed to children throughout the Island communities.
Campaign Results:
Togean Islands obtain National Park status
On Tuesday, October 19, 2004, the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry signed a bill declaring 362,000 hectares of the Togean Islands a national park. The new park includes 292,000 hectares of marine ecosystems and roughly 70,000 hectares of land area.

New fishing regulations
In 2002, the Togean village of Kabalutan established regulations protecting 10 sites within its traditional fishing grounds from destructive practices.

Community-based conservation established
In addition, local fishermen were so convinced of the importance of saving the reef in order to maintain their livelihoods that community-based conservation took strong hold in two island areas Kabalutan and Lembanato.

General
Kepulauan Togian Marine Reserve comprises an area of 100,000 ha and lies between the northern and central arms of Sulawesi. Administratively, the reserve falls under Central Sulawesi province.
Kepulauan Togian consists of a group of islands and the surrounding coral reefs. The most important islands are Una-Una, Batudaka, Togian, Talatakoh, Waleakodi, Waleabahi and Poat. Of these, Pulau Batudaka and Pulau Togian are the most visited islands. On Pulau Una-Una you’ll find one of the active volcanoes of Sulawesi: the Gunung Colo Meletus which last erupted in 1983.
The sea surrounding the islands has extensive areas of well developed and little damaged coral reef. Several species of turtles and Dugong can be seen. Wildlife on the islands consists of Babirusa, which lives in the forests covering the islands, and the Coconut Crab, the world largest land-living arthropod.
Access
Pulau Wakakodi, Pulau Togian and Pulau Batudaka are served once a week by the Poso – Gorontalo ferry. You can board this boat in both places.
From Ampana, near Tanjung Api, boats to Pulau Batudaka and Pulau Togian depart every other day. Ampana can be reached by bus from Poso or Luwuk.
Diving and snorkel equipment to explore the reefs can be hired at the hotels on the islands.
Accommodation
On Pulau Batudaka you’ll find the Wakai Cottages. The people who run these cottages devote their work to Togian Islands’ nature. Ask for Ulfa when you’re in Ampana.
* Pulau Togian
o Simple losmen
* Pulau Tongkabu
o Simple losmen
* Pulau Batudaka
o Togian Beach Hotel
o Wakai Cottages
* Pulau Kadidiri
o Beach bungalows

Mammals
* Tonkean macaque – Macaca tonkeana
* Spectral tarsier – Tarsius spectrum
* Dugong – Dugong dugon
* Babirusa – Babyrousa babyrussa

Birds
* Philippine Scrubfowl – Megapodius cumingii
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Sulawesi Woodpecker – Dendrocopos temminckii
* Ashy Woodpecker – Mulleripicus fulvus
* Knobbed Hornbill – Aceros cassidix
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Rainbow Bee-eater – Merops ornatus
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Yellow-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
* Bay Coucal – Centropus celebensis
* Ornate Lorikeet – Trichoglossus ornatus
* Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail – Prioniturus flavicans
* Golden-mantled Racquet-tail – Prioniturus platurus
* Great-billed Parrot – Tanygnathus megalorynchos
* Blue-backed Parrot – Tanygnathus sumatranus
* Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
* White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Nicobar Pigeon – Caloenas nicobarica
* Grey-cheeked Green-Pigeon – Treron griseicauda
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos

* Red-necked Phalarope – Phalaropus lobatus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Lesser Crested-Tern – Sterna bengalensis
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis rufipectus
* Sulawesi Goshawk – Accipiter griseiceps
* Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
* Red-bellied Pitta – Pitta erythrogaster
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Pied Cuckooshrike – Coracina bicolor
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* White-necked Myna – Streptocitta albicollis
* Finch-billed Myna – Scissirostrum dubium
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Golden Bulbul – Alophoixus affinis
* Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis
* Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
* Sulawesi Babbler – Trichastoma celebense
* Grey-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum celebicum
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla

Reptiles
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

Invertebrates

* Coconut Crab – Birgus latro
* Tridacna spp.
* Trochus spp.

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