North Sulawesi Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park Introduction

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park with 0 Comments

North Sulawesi

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park Introduction

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Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park, formerly known as Dumoga Bone, is an area of ecological uniqueness. Its is located in the transitional zone between the Indo-Malayan geographical zone in the western part and the Papua-Australian geographical zone in the eastern part (the Wallaceae Area).
Several peculiar and endangered species of plant inhabit this Park, including the matayangan palm (Pholidocarpus ihur), black wood (Diospyros celebica), iron wood (Intsia spp.), yellow wood (Arcangelisia flava), and carrion flower (Amorphophallus companulatus). The most commonly found species are Piper aduncum, Trema orientalis, Macaranga sp., cempaka, agathis, kenanga, and various species of orchid and ornamental plants.
This Park has 24 species of mammal, 125 species of bird, 11 species of reptile, 2 species of amphibian, 38 species of butterfly, 200 species of beetle and 19 species of fish. Most of animals living in this Park are endemic species to Sulawesi, like the black-crested macaque (Macaca nigra nigra), Tomini black-crested macaque (M. nigrescens), eastern tarsier (Tarsius spectrum spectrum), Sulawesi palm civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii musschenbroekii), lowland anoa (Bubalus depressicornis), mountain anoa (B. quarlesi), babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa celebensis), and various bird species. The mascot of the Park is the maleo fowl (Macrocephalon maleo). A species endemic to this Park is the Bone bat (Bonea bidens).
The body of the maleo is about the same size as that of a chicken, but its eggs are six times heavier. The maleo lays its eggs in the ground or sand at a depth of 30-40 cm, usually close to thermal springs: this thermal energy helps the eggs to hatch. The sight of the maleo chicks emerging from the ground, and, at one day old, running to an open space of land, and the opportunity to catch glimpses of the maleo mother digging holes, are unique attractions for visitors.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Kosinggolan: camping, climbing Mt. Poniki, observing animals and plants.
Toraut, Lombongo, Tambun: lakes, waterfalls, thermal springs, camping, climbing Mt. Padang, walking through the forest, swimming, maleo watching and cultural remains.
Matayangan: watching maleo, black-crested macaques, hornbills bathing in the river, etc.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Bolaang Mongondow Festival in March and the Gorontalo Festival in May.
Best time of year to visit: April to September.
How to reach the Park: Manado-Kotamobagu by car, about 4 hours (185 km). From Kotamobagu to Toraut by car, about 1 hour (69 km); or from Kotamobagu to Maelang by car, about 3 hours (100 km).
Office: Jl. AKD Mongkonai
Kotamobagu 95716, North Sulawesi
Tel. : +62-434-22548
Fax. : +62-434-22547
a total area of 300,000 hectares
Location : Regency of Bolaang Mongondow (Province of North Sulawesi) and
Regency of Gorontalo (Province of Gorontalo)
Altitude 50 – 2,000 m asl.
Geographical location 123°08′ – 124°14′ E; 0°20′ – 0°49′ N

Mammals
* Bear cuscus – Ailurops ursinus
* Sulawesi flying fox – Acerodon celebensis
* Black-capped fruit bat – Chironax melanocephalus
* Celebes black macaque – Macaca nigra
* Tonkean macaque – Macaca tonkeana
* Sulawesi tarsier – Tarsius spectrum
* Lowland anoa – Bubalus depressicornis
* Mountain anoa – Bubalus quarlesi
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Babirusa – Babyrousa babyrussa
* Sulawesi warty pig – Sus celebensis
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Musschenbroek’s spiny-rat – Maxomys musschenbroekii

Birds
* Maleo – Macrocephalon maleo
* Philippine Scrubfowl – Megapodius cumingii
* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Garganey – Anas querquedula
* Barred Buttonquail – Turnix suscitator
* Sulawesi Woodpecker – Dendrocopos temminckii
* Ashy Woodpecker – Mulleripicus fulvus
* Sulawesi Hornbill – Penelopides exarhatus
* Knobbed Hornbill – Aceros cassidix
* Purple-winged roller – Coracias temminckii
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Sulawesi Kingfisher – Ceyx fallax
* Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher – Cittura cyanotis
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Green-backed Kingfisher – Actenoides monachus
* Scaly Kingfisher – Actenoides princeps
* Purple-bearded Bee-eater – Meropogon forsteni
* Rainbow Bee-eater – Merops ornatus
* Sulawesi Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus crassirostris
* Oriental Cuckoo – Cuculus saturatus
* Rusty-breasted Cuckoo – Cacomantis sepulcralis
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Channel-billed Cuckoo – Scythrops novaehollandiae
* Yellow-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Bay Coucal – Centropus celebensis
* Ornate Lorikeet – Trichoglossus ornatus
* Yellow-and-green Lorikeet – Trichoglossus flavoviridis
* Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail – Prioniturus flavicans
* Golden-mantled Racquet-tail – Prioniturus platurus
* Blue-backed Parrot – Tanygnathus sumatranus
* Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
* Red-billed Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus exilis
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Moluccan Swiftlet – Collocalia infuscata
* Uniform Swiftlet – Collocalia vanikorensis
* White-throated Needletail – Hirundapus caudacutus
* Purple Needletail – Hirundapus celebensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Minahassa Masked-Owl – Tyto inexspectata
* Sulawesi Owl – Tyto rosenbergii
* Sulawesi Scops-Owl – Otus manadensis
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* Ochre-bellied Hawk-Owl – Ninox ochracea
* Speckled Hawk-Owl – Ninox punctulata
* Cinnabar Hawk-Owl – Ninox ios
* Great Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus macrotis
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
* White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Stephan’s Dove – Chalcophaps stephani
* Sulawesi Ground-Dove – Gallicolumba tristigmata
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Grey-cheeked Green-Pigeon – Treron griseicauda
* Red-eared Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus fischeri
* Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus subgularis
* Superb Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus superbus
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* White-bellied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula forsteni
* Grey-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula radiata
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* White Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula luctuosa
* Sombre Pigeon – Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa
* Barred Rail – Gallirallus torquatus
* Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
* Bald-faced Rail – Gymnocrex rosenbergii
* Isabelline Waterhen – Amaurornis isabellinus
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* White-browed Crake – Porzana cinerea
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
* Swinhoe’s Snipe – Gallinago megala
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus

* Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
* Barred Honey-buzzard – Pernis celebensis
* Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
* Black Kite – Milvus migrans
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis rufipectus
* Spotted Harrier – Circus assimilis
* Sulawesi Goshawk – Accipiter griseiceps
* Chinese Goshawk – Accipiter soloensis
* Spot-tailed Goshawk – Accipiter trinotatus
* Small Sparrowhawk – Accipiter nanus
* Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk – Accipiter rhodogaster
* Rufous-winged Buzzard – Butastur liventer
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Rufous-bellied Eagle – Hieraaetus kienerii
* Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus lanceolatus
* Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
* Peregrine Falcon – Falco peregrinus
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Pied Cormorant – Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
* Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis
* Rufous Night-Heron – Nycticorax caledonicus
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Intermediate Egret – Ardea intermedia
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
* Hooded Pitta – Pitta sordida
* Red-bellied Pitta – Pitta erythrogaster
* Sulawesi Myzomela – Myzomela chloroptera
* Dark-eared Myza – Myza celebensis
* Olive-flanked Whistler – Hylocitrea bonensis
* Sulphur-bellied Whistler – Pachycephala sulfuriventer
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Ivory-backed Woodswallow – Artamus monachus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Cerulean Cuckooshrike – Coracina temminckii
* Pied Cuckooshrike – Coracina bicolor
* White-rumped Cuckooshrike – Coracina leucopygia
* Pygmy Cuckooshrike – Coracina abbotti
* Sulawesi Cicadabird – Coracina morio
* Pied Triller – Lalage nigra
* Rusty-bellied Fantail – Rhipidura teysmanni
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Spangled Drongo – Dicrurus bracteatus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Grey-streaked Flycatcher – Muscicapa griseisticta
* Snowy-browed Flycatcher – Ficedula hyperythra
* Rufous-throated Flycatcher – Ficedula rufigula
* Little Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula westermanni
* Island Flycatcher – Eumyias panayensis
* Matinan Flycatcher – Cyornis sanfordi
* Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis omissus
* Citrine Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa helianthea
* Red-backed Thrush – Zoothera erythronota
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* Sulawesi Myna – Basilornis celebensis
* White-necked Myna – Streptocitta albicollis
* Finch-billed Myna – Enodes erythrophris
* Malia – Malia grata
* Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
* Black-crowned White-eye – Zosterops atrifrons
* Streaky-headed White-eye – Lophozosterops squamiceps
* Chestnut-backed Bush-Warbler – Bradypterus castaneus
* Gray’s Grasshopper-Warbler – Locustella fasciolata
* Oriental Reed-Warbler – Acrocephalus orientalis
* Mountain Tailorbird – Orthotomus cuculatus
* Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
* Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler – Phylloscopus sarasinorum
* Sulawesi Babbler – Trichastoma celebense
* Yellow-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum aureolimbatum
* Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker – Dicaeum nehrkorni
* Grey-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum celebicum
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
* Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
* Grey Wagtail – Motacilla cinerea
* Pechora Pipit – Anthus gustavi
* Black-faced Munia – Lonchura molucca
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla

Reptiles
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus
* House Gecko – Hemidactylus frenatus
* Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata

Amphibians
* Celebes Toad – Bufo celebensis
* Bufo melanostictus
* Oreophryne celebensis

Fishes
* Three-spot Gouramy – Trichogaster trichopterus

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