South Sulawesi Danau Matano Towuti Recreation Parks

Written by on November 19, 2010 in South Sulawesi Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

 South Sulawesi

Danau Matano  Towuti Recreation Parks

Danau-Matano-01

General
The Lake Matano – Towuti Recreation Parks comprise an area of 95,000 ha in the north-eastern part of South Sulawesi province. The lake system consists of five tectonic lakes of which Lake Matano, Lake Mahalona and Lake Towiti are the largest. All three are large and deep and surrounded by steep forested ultra-basic and limestone hills, that have protection forest (Hutan Lindung) status.
The combination of ancient, deep lakes and the surrounding ultra-basic and limestone rocks has resulted in a characteristic flora and fauna with a high degree of very unusual local endemism in the lakes. Although all lakes are interconnected, only one of the 60 species of copepods, prawns, molluscs and fish found in the system, is shared by all five lakes.
The scenery in the park, especially that around Lake Towuti, is very beautiful, has great ecotouristic potential but, unfortunately, is insufficiently protected. The whole area including the surrounding hills has been proposed to be given the status of national park. With the presence of the INCO nickel mines, the largest source of employment in the area, other economic motives, however, still seem to prevail.
Access
Malili can be reached by bus from Rantepao, changing to a minibus in Palopo. You need about 4 hours from Rantepao to Palopo with an additonal 3 hours by minibus to Malili. To get to the Towuti Lake area take a bus from Malili heading for Wawondula and Timampu. Soroaka at Lake Matano is accessible from Malili, as well as by plane from major cities in South Sulawesi.
Accommodation
* Malili
o Setia I
o Setia II
* Soroako
o INCO guesthouse
o several simple losmen

Mammals
* Booted macaque – Macaca ochreata
* Sulawesi palm civet – Macrogalidia musschenbroekii
* Mountain anoa – Bubalus quarlesi
* Babirusa – Babyrousa babyrussa
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Javan short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix javanica

Birds
* Maleo – Macrocephalon maleo
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Sulawesi Hornbill – Penelopides exarhatus
* Knobbed Hornbill – Aceros cassidix
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Bay Coucal – Centropus celebensis
* Golden-mantled Racquet-tail – Prioniturus platurus
* Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
* Uniform Swiftlet – Aerodramus vanikorensis
* Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
* White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
* Dusky Moorhen – Gallinula tenebrosa
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Comb-crested Jacana – Irediparra gallinacea
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* Barred Honey-buzzard – Pernis celebensis
* Black Kite – Milvus migrans
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Sea-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis rufipectus
* Little Grebe – Tachybaptus ruficollis
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Pied Cormorant – Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
* Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Rufous Night-Heron – Nycticorax caledonicus
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Sulphur-bellied Whistler – Pachycephala sulfuriventer
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* Piping Crow – Corvus typicus
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Sulawesi Drongo – Dicrurus montanus
* Finch-billed Myna – Scissirostrum dubium
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis

* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla

Reptiles
* Malayan Box Turtle – Cuora amboinensis
* Tokay – Gekko gecko
* Fin-tailed Lizard – Hydrosaurus amboinensis
* – Mabuya sp.
* Matanna Water Snake – Enhydris matannensis
* Indonesian Spitting Cobra – Naja sputatrix
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus

Fishes
* Anabas testudineus
* Anguilla marmorata
* Aplocheilus panchax
* Channa striata
* Clarias batrachus
* Cyprinus carpio
* Dermogenys megarrhamphus
* Dermogenys weberi
* Glossogobius flavipinnis
* Glossogobius intermedius
* Glossogobius matanensis
* Monopterus albus
* Mugilogobius adeia
* Mugilogobius latifrons
* Nomorhamphus towoeti
* Oreochromis mossambicus
* Oryzias marmoratus
* Oryzias matanensis
* Paratherina cyanea
* Paratherina labiosa
* Paratherina striata
* Paratherina wolterecki
* Tamanka sarasinorum
* Telmatherina abendanoni
* Telmatherina bonti
* Telmatherina celebensis
* Trichogaster pectoralis

Molluscs
* Bellamya rudipellis
* Brotia germifera
* Brotia insulaesacre
* Brotia molesta
* Brotia monarcha
* Brotia patriarchalia
* Brotia policolarum
* Brotia zeamais
* Corbicula celebensis
* Corbicula mahalonensis
* Corbicula loehensis
* Corbicula masapensis
* Corbicula matannensis
* Corbicula subplanata
* Corbicula towutensis
* Melanoides tuberculata
* Melanoides sp.

 

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