South Sulawesi Danau Tempe Wildlife Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in South Sulawesi Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

 South Sulawesi

Danau Tempe Wildlife Reserve

 

danau-tempe--01

 

General
The proposed Danau Tempe Wildlife Reserve comprises an area of 18,000 ha. in the eastern part of South Sulawesi province. It consists of a system of large floodplain lakes along the Walanae-Cenranae river which is known as the Tempe lake system. Most lakes are very shallow, dry out annually and are densely vegetated. Three water bodies remain during the dry season: the 13,000 ha. Lake Tempe, Lake Sidenreng (average 3,000 ha.) and Lake Buaya (average 300 ha.).
The appearance of the lakes is dominated by the presence of numerous man-made circles of floating vegetation called bungka, which attract large number of fish. During the dry season when they form the only refuge as most of the lakes shores are deforested, many bird species make intensive use of the bungka’s. Lake Tempe has a large resident population of at least 40 different bird species and is visited by many migrant species. Apart from its birdlife, one endemic species of mollusc and at least one endemic fish are known to occur in the lakes.
Although the site has been recognized as a potential Ramsar site, both at a national and international level, has great potential for ecotourism (birdwatching and traditional fisheries) and has been officially recommended to be developed into a Wildlife Reserve in 1978, no further action has been taken since.
Access
The lakes lie en route from Ujung Padang to Tana Toraja and are readily accessible. Take a bus from either place to Sengkang at the Cenranae – Walanae river junction. From Senkang boats can be hired to visit the lakes.
Accommodation
* Sengkang
o Asoka Inn
o Hotel A. Pada
o Hotel Al Salam II
o Wisma Pondok Eka

Mammals
* Moor macaque – Macaca maura

Birds
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Pacific Black Duck – Anas superciliosa
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Garganey – Anas querquedula
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Uniform Swiftlet – Aerodramus vanikorensis
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Barred Rail – Gallirallus torquatus
* Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
* Dusky Moorhen – Gallinula tenebrosa
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Great Knot – Calidris tenuirostris
* Comb-crested Jacana – Irediparra gallinacea
* White-headed Stilt – Himantopus leucocephalus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Sea-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Spotted Harrier – Circus assimilis
* Little Grebe – Tachybaptus ruficollis
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Pied Cormorant – Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
* Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
* Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Rufous Night-Heron – Nycticorax caledonicus
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Pied Heron – Ardea picata
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Intermediate Egret – Ardea intermedia
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa

* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Sooty-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus aurigaster * Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
* Paddyfield Pipit – Anthus rufulus
* Pechora Pipit – Anthus gustavi
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla
* Pale-headed Munia – Lonchura pallida

Reptiles
* Malayan Box Turtle – Cuora amboinensis
* Fin-tailed Lizard – Hydrosaurus amboinensis
* Mangrove Monitor – Varanus indicus
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator

Fishes
* Anabas testudineus
* Anguilla marmorata
* Aplocheilus panchax
* Barbodes gonionotus
* Channa striata
* Clarias batrachus
* Cyprinus carpio
* Dermogenys pusilla
* Glossogobius celebius
* Helostoma temminckii
* Lagusia micracanthus
* Leiognathus dussumieri
* Liza vaigensis
* Monopterus albus
* Oryzias celebensis
* Osteochilus hasseltii
* Celebes Rainbow – Telmatherina ladigesi
* Trichogaster pectoralis

Molluscs
* Angulygra costata
* Bellamya javanica
* Brotia perfecta
* Corbicula sp.
* Melanoides amabilis
* Melanoides fontinalis
* Melanoides granifera
* Melanoides tuberculata
* Pila scutata

 

 

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