North Sulawesi Marisa Wetlands Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in North Sulawesi Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

North Sulawesi

Marisa Wetlands Nature Reserve

Marisa-Wetlands_ton-800

Location:0°25’S, 121°50’E; on the coast 130 km west of Gorontalo, in the western part of North Sulawesi.
Area:Over 2,000 ha of wetlands in a total region of c.94,000 ha.
Altitude:0-l0m.
Description of site:
Two coastal areas of mangrove forest, beach vegetation and freshwater swamp forest (1,000 ha) within the Randangan Proposed Wildlife Reserve, Panua Nature Reserve and Tanjung Panjang Proposed Wildlife Reserve. The Tanjung Panjang area also includes some islands of Nypa swamp with colonies of waterbirds.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove forest, Nypa fruticans swamp and beach vegetation.
Land tenure:
The Randangan and Tanjung Panjang areas are state owned (Indonesian Government); the Panua Nature Reserve is state owned and under the management of PHPA.
Conservation measures taken:
The Panua area (1,500 ha) has been protected as a Nature Reserve (Cagar Alam) since 1938.
Conservation measures proposed:
The Randangan area (90,000 ha) and Tanjung Panjang area (2,500 ha) have been proposed as Wildlife Reserves (Suaka Margasatwa).
Land use:No information.
Disturbances and threats:
Encroachment by settlers in the transmigration programme, the stealing of Maleo eggs, invasion by domestic livestock, and gold mining activities. There are plans to carry out logging in the area.
Economic and social values:
The region’s large population of waterbirds may be important in controlling pests on irrigated
agricultural land in the Marisa Project. This project aims to irrigate a large area of saline swamp and accept large numbers of transmigrants.
Fauna:
There are known to be several large breeding colonies of waterbirds on Nypa islands in the Randangan delta, but no details are available. Maleo Birds Macrocephalon maleo breed in the adjacent lowland forest.

 

 

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