North Sulawesi Gunung Manembo nembo Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in North Sulawesi Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

North Sulawesi

Gunung Manembo nembo Nature Reserve

General
The Manembonembo Nature Reserve is a 6,500 ha reserve located southwest of Manado. It was established as a nature reserve in 1978 for the populations of protected species, and as a Wildife Reserve for its watershed value. The latter status has since then been changed to nature reserve. The Trans-Sulawesi Highway runs along the north and east sides of the reserve and an asphalt road lines the boundary of the south and west sides. The north and west sides are lined by dilapidated asphalt and dirt road that extends to Wowona. An extensive coral reef outside the reserve, part of the Bunaken Marine National Park, borders the coastal side of the reserve and serves the fishing needs of the village communities.
Manembonembo is slight in the range of elevation and is small in size which in turn limits the array of habitats found within it. The elevation extends from 50 m above sea level to peak of the highest mountain, Gunung Tanuwantik (665 m). Much of the terrain is very steep exceeding 40° in slope. In addition, unlike Tangkoko, the reserve has a large number of rivers and streams that run through it, providing important habitats for freshwater fishes and reptiles as well as riverine forest birds. The major rivers are: Mangetasic River, Rona River, and Poopoh River which are located in the north; and Pungkol River, Popareng River, and Sinengkeian River which are located in the south.
The reserve can be divided into two major distinguishing vegetative structures. In the lower elevations (50-300 m), palms and large canopied trees as well as an abundance of riverine tree species. In the higher elevations (> 300 m), forest tracts are dominated by rattan. Manembonembo has large tracts of intact forests that are more mature than those in the Tangkoko – Batuangas Nature Reserve.
Access
The reserve is located approximately 30 km southwest of Manado.
Accommodation
* Manado
o Many possibilities

Mammals
* Bear Cuscus – Ailurops ursinus
* Lesser dog-faced fruit bat – Cynopterus brachyotis
* Sulawesi rousette – Rousettus celebensis
* Swift fruit bat – Thoopterus nigrescens
* Celebes black macaque – Macaca nigra
* Spectral tarsierTarsius spectrum
* Celebes warty pig – Sus celebensis
* Lowland anoa – Bubalus depressicornis
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Pale tree squirrel – Prosciurillus leucomus
* Northern tree squirrel – Prosciurillus murinus

Birds
* Philippine Scrubfowl – Megapodius cumingii
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Sulawesi Woodpecker – Dendrocopos temminckii
* Ashy Woodpecker – Mulleripicus fulvus
* Sulawesi Hornbill – Penelopides exarhatus
* Knobbed Hornbill – Aceros cassidix
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Sulawesi Kingfisher – Ceyx fallax
* Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher – Cittura cyanotis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Purple-bearded Bee-eater – Meropogon forsteni
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Yellow-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Bay Coucal – Centropus celebensis
* Ornate Lorikeet – Trichoglossus ornatus
* Yellowish-breasted Racquet-tail – Prioniturus flavicans
* Golden-mantled Racquet-tail – Prioniturus
# Blue-backed Parrot – Tanygnathus sumatranus
# Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
# Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
# Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
# Sulawesi Scops-Owl – Otus manadensis
# Speckled Hawk-Owl – Ninox punctulata
# Great Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus macrotis
# Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
# Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
# White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis platurus
# Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
# Grey-cheeked Green-Pigeon – Treron griseicauda

# Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus subgularis
# Superb Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus superbus
# Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
# White-bellied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula forsteni
# Grey-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula radiata
# Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
# Barred Rail – Gallirallus torquatus
# Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
# Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
# Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis rufipectus
# Sulawesi Goshawk – Accipiter griseiceps
# Spot-tailed Goshawk – Accipiter trinotatus
# Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
# Red-bellied Pitta – Pitta erythrogaster
# Sulawesi Myzomela – Myzomela chloroptera
# Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
# Ivory-backed Woodswallow – Artamus monachus
# Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
# White-rumped Cuckooshrike – Coracina leucopygia
# Sulawesi Cicadabird – Coracina morio
# White-shouldered Triller – Lalage sueurii
# Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
# Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
# Citrine Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa helianthea
# Sulawesi Myna – Basilornis celebensis
# White-necked Myna – Streptocitta albicollis
# Finch-billed Myna – Scissirostrum dubium
# Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
# Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
# Black-crowned White-eye – Zosterops atrifrons
# Sulawesi Babbler – Trichastoma celebense
# Yellow-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum aureolimbatum
# Grey-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum celebicum
# Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
# Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
# Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
# Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
# Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
# Black-faced Munia – Lonchura molucca

 

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