Central Sulawesi Danau Tempe dan Danau Buaya Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Central Sulawesi Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Central Sulawesi

 Danau Tempe dan Danau Buaya

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Latitude : 4 5 57 S Logitude : 119 57 12 E
Altitude : 0 to 50 metres
Area : 35000 ha Wetlands: 35000 ha
Site Description
These lakes form one lake-complex with Danau Sidenreng. Danau Tempe is a large lake with villages around it. Almost all forestaround this lake has been cleared, except the swampy forest between Tempe and Sidenreng. Danau Tempe covers 6,000 ha. Both lakes are shallow (maximum depth about 5m) and support abudant floating vegetation. Large numbers of ducks and herons occur around the mats of floating vegetation. The Tempe lake has many fish species of any lake in Sulawesi. It is an outstanding example of a shallow eutrophic lake ecosystem. Principal vegetation: Floating lake vegetation. Ceratophyllum dermisium, Pistia stratiotes, Ipomoea aquatica, Polygonium sp., Cyperus platystylis, Echinochloa crusgelii. Lake Tempe is the lowest in the Sindenreng-Tempe chain of lakes. During rainy season its area is about 30,000 ha, but it shrinks to mere 1,000 ha during the dry season, during which time its dry shore area is used for agriculture. Its economic value is great both because of agriculture and fishery. The lake can not be considered, even during the high-water season, as a real lake, since the through-flow water velocity is quite high. The stratification of the lake is naturally weak (RTR 3.5). Transparency was 0.6 metres. Lake Tempe is a fertile and productive water body with total nitrogen values from 0.72-1.01 mg/l N and total phosporous concentration from 0.05-0.06 mg/l P, in which high allochthonous organic matter concentration support a large and uniform fishery. The lake is important for fishery and migrating birds. The fish yield is 650 kg/ha/year. From the limnological point of view, the lake is much affected by the allochthnous transport of organic matter and nutrients, and thus by the drainage area.
Site Location
Based on the jurisdiction status that the Lake Tempe System under management of three regencies, namely Wajo, Sidrap and Soppeng Regency with border are: – Northern: to border on Belawa and Transitolo District. – Eastern : to border on Tempe and Sabangparu District. – Western : to border on Sengkang town (teh capital of Wajo regency). – Southern: to border on Tokare village.

List of Birds (72 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Acrocephalus stentoreus
Actitis hypoleucos
Aerodramus vanikorensis
Alcedo atthis
Alcedo meninting
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anas gracilis
Anas querquedula
Anas superciliosa
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anthreptes malacensis
Anthus gustavi
Ardea alba
Ardea picata
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Artamus leucorynchus
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Calidris subminuta
Calidris tenuirostris
Casmerodius albus
Chlidonias hybridus
Chlidonias leucopterus
Ciconia episcopus
Circus assimilis App II
Collocalia esculenta
Corvus enca
Dendrocygna arcuata
Egretta garzetta
Egretta intermedia
Egretta picata
Eurystomus orientalis
Gallinula chloropus

Gallinula tenebrosa
Gallirallus philippensis
Gallirallus torquatus
Gerygone sulphurea
Halcyon chloris
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Himantopus leucocephalus
Hirundo rustica
Hirundo tahitica
Irediparra gallinacea
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ixobrychus eurhythmus Lower Risk
Ixobrychus flavicollis
Ixobrychus sinensis
Limnodromus semipalmatus Lower Risk
Lonchura malacca
Lonchura pallida
Merops philippinus
Motacilla flava
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Nectarinia jugularis
Numenius madagascariensis Lower Risk
Nycticorax caledonicus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Pandion haliaetus App II
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Plegadis falcinellus
Pluvialis fulva
Pluvialis squatarola
Porphyrio porphyrio
Pycnonotus aurigaster
Streptopelia chinensis
Tachybaptus ruficollis
Tringa glareola
Tringa hypoleucos

 

 

List of Mammals (1 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Macaca maura Endengered App II

List of Fish (21 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Anabas testudineus
Anguilla marmorata
Anguilla nebulosa
Aplocheilus panchax
Barbodes gonionotus
Channa striata
Clarias batrachus
Cyprinus carpio
Dermogenys orientalis
Dermogenys pusillus
Glossogobius giuris
Helostoma temminckii
Lagusia micracanthus
Leiognathus dussumieri
Liza vaigiensis
Monopterus albus
Oryzias celebensis Vulnerable
Osteochilus hasseltii
Oxyeleotris gyrinoides
Telmatherina ladigesi Vulnerable
Trichogaster pectoralis

List of Mollusks (8 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Angulygra costata
Bellamya javanica
Brotia perfecta
Melanoides amablis
Melanoides fontinalis
Melanoides granifera
Melanoides tuberculata
Pila scutata

List of Reptiles (6 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Crocodylus sp.
Cuora amboinensis
Hydrosaurus amboinensis
Mabuya multifasciata
Varanus indicus App II
Varanus salvator

 

 

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