East Papua Jayapura 50 tribes

Written by on July 10, 2012 in Papuan Tribes with 0 Comments

East Papua Jayapura 50 tribes

Jayapura, tribes, anasi, warembori, liki, sobel, mo, kelat, masimasi, dabe, vitou, sunum, betaf, kwinsu, mawes, fedan, yarsun, anus, bonggo, dineor, mawes, mekwei, sowari, sentani, tabla, ormu, nafri, tobati, talkat, awyl, vlid, manem, sause, onya, wares, foau, abinom, itik, kwerba, papasema, sikaritai, obokuital, kairy, kirkiri, bauzi, nisa, bagusa

Airoran  1.100  Christian

Jayapura Regency, Mamberamo Hilir, Pantai Barat subdistricts, Subu, Motobiak, Isirania, other villages; north coast area on lower Apauwer River. Alternate names: Adora, Aeroran, Iriemkena.

Anasi  2.400  Christian

Jayapura Regency, Mamberamo Hilir subdistrict. North coast, lower west bank Mamberamo River. Alternate names: Bapu.

Anus  300 Animism

Jayapura Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, Coastal area and island off north coast east of Biri River. Alternate names: Koroernoes, Koru. Dialects: Similar to Podena [pdn].

Anus

Bagusa  400  Animism

Jayapura Regency, Mamberamo Tengah subdistrict. East of Mamberamo, Lake Rombebai, north of Kauwera [xau]. Alternate names: Kapeso, Suaseso. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 64% with Kwerba [kwe].

Beneraf  200  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict. North coast area east of Tor River mouth, Beneraf and part of Nenke villages. Alternate names: Boneraf, Bonerif.

Beneraf--01

Beneraf-02

Beneraf-03

Berik  1.400  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Tor Atas subdistrict; Bora Bora, Waf, Doronta, Beu, Togonfo, Dangken, Kondirjan, Somanente, Tenwer, Sewan, Safrontani and Taminambor villages. North coast area along mid and upper Tor River, inland from Sarmi. Alternate names: Berick, Berrik, Sewan Teteris, Upper Tor. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 45% with Keijar [kdy], 13% with Orya [ury].

Betaf  600 Christian

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict. North coast area east of Sarmi. Alternate names: Tena.

betaf

Biritai  300  Christian

Lakes Plain just north of mid-Rouffaer River, Biri village. Alternate names: Aliki, Ati, Biri. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 69% with Obokuitai [afBiritaiz], 61% with Eritai [ert], 60% with Kwerisa [kkb], 69% with Kaiy [tcq].

They are primarily hunters in their homeland on the flat lakes plains. At an altitude of 500 meters above sea level the Biritai people can best be accessed by airplane into the airstrip at Biri.
They migrated from what is now the Kaiy language area because of a flood some time ago. The Biritai folks are descendents of the Usai, Kusai, and Matemtai clans. Intermarriage is common among the Welemo, Papasena, Eri, Iri, War and Biritai peoples.
The people eat sago, bananas, and fish. House walls are made from palm bark and poles, while the roofs are thatched. Malaria, elephantitis, and tropical ulcers are common diseases

Bonggo  800 Christian

Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict. Northeast coast, near Kaisau River, Taronta, Tarawasi, Armopa villages. Alternate names: Armopa, Bogu, Bongo.

Burmeso  300  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Mamberamo Tengah subdistrict, mid-Mamberamo River between Trimuris and Sikari northeast of Danau Bira (Lake Holmes). 1 village and isolated temporary houses along nearby rivers. Alternate names: Boromeso, Borumesso, Burumeso, Manau, Monao, Monau, Taurap. Dialects: Less than 5% lexical similarity with other languages.

Dabe  400   Christian

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, north coast east of Sarmi, Dabe village.

Dineor  60  Christian

North coast near the Bonggo [bpg], Maremgi village. Alternate names: Maremgi, Marengge. Dialects: Unintelligible to speakers in neighboring settlements including Bonggo.

Eritai  600  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Mamberamo Tengah and Mamberamo Hulu subdistricts. West of Mamberamo River, Lakes Plain area in low mountains just south of Danau Bira (Lake Holmes), around Kustera airstrip: Erai (east), Kustera, and Haya (south) villages. Alternate names: Aliki, Babiruwa, Babrua, Babruwa, Baburiwa, Barua, Editode Edai, Erai, Eri, Haya. Dialects: The dialect in Obogwi village is similar but not the same. Also related to Kaiy [tcq], Doutai [tds], Biritai [bqq]. Lexical similarity: 76% with Obokuitai [afz], 50% with Sikaritai [tty].

Fedan  200  Animism

Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, coastal area and island off north coast of Biri River area. Alternate names: Podena, Fandanus. Dialects: Similar to Anus [auq].

Gresi  3.400  Animism

West of Lake Sentani, southeast of Genyem, Hawa, Bring, Tabangkwari, Yansu, Ibub, Sunna, Klaysu villages. Alternate names: Geresi, Glesi, Gresik, Klesi. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 80% with Kemtuik [kmt].

Isirawa  2.400   Christian

Jayapura, north coast, Sarmi area and west, Mararena, Kamenawari, Amsira, Siaratesa, Perkami, Martewar, Arsania, Nisero, Arabais, Webro, Wari, Nuerawar, Waim villages. Alternate names: Okwasar, Saberi, Saweri. Dialects: Western Isirawa, Eastern Isirawa. Similar to Kwerba [kwe]. Dialects very similar.

Itik  200  Christian

North coast east of Tor River, along upper Biri River. Alternate names: Betef, Borto, Ittik, Ittik-Tor. Dialects: Ittik, Ittik-Tor.

Jofotek  200  Animism

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, Biridua village; Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, Srum village

Kaiy  300   Christian

Lakes Plain area around Kaiy airstrip on lower Rouffaer River, Kaiy and Kokou villages. Alternate names: Kai, Taori-Kaiy, Taori-Kei, Todi.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 69% with Biritai [bqq]

Kaptiay  200  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, Kaptiau village. Alternate names: Kaptiauw, Kapitiauw. Dialects: Most similar to Tarpia [tpf].

Kauwera  500  Animism

East of mid-Mamberamo, north and south of Kasonaweja. Alternate names: Kabera, Kaowerawedj, Kauwerawec, Kauwerawetj, Kawera, Koassa, Tekutameso.

Kayupulau  900  Christian

Kayupulau_tone

Jayapura harbor, Kayubatu and Kayupulau villages. Alternate names: Kajupulau. Dialects: Not a dialect of Tobati (Yotafa) [tti].

Keijar  800  Christian

North coast east of Tor River mouth. Alternate names: Keder. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 45% with Berik [bkl]

Kwerba  2.900  Animism

Upper Tor River area, northeast, headwaters of Apauwer River inland from Sarmi east to Berik language, Aurime, Munukania, Wamariri, Tatsewalem around Apiaweti villages. Alternate names: Airmati, Armati, Koassa, Mataweja, Naibedj, Segar Tor, Serikenam, Tekutameso. Dialects: Serikenam, Sasawa, Nogukwabai. Lexical similarity: 64% with Bagusa [bqb].

Kwerba Momberano  400  Animism

East of Mamberamo River, south of Kasonaweja, in mountains above Kwerba, Edifalen, Marinafalen, villages. Alternate names: Napok, Nobuk, Nogukwabai, Nopuk, Nopukw, Tatsewalem.

Kwesten  2.700  Christian

Lower Tor River, north coast area east of Sarmi, Holmhaven, Mafenter, Arare, Omte villages. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 40% with Berik [bkl].

Kwinsu  500  Animism

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, Ansudu village. Alternate names: Ansudu.

Liki  100  Animism

Sarmi Regency, Sarmi subdistrict, Islands off north coast of Sarmi. Alternate names: Moar. Dialects: Similar to Sobei [sob].

Mander  20

Upper Tor River tributary of upper Bu River, north coast area

Masimasi  10   Christian

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, Island off north coast east of Tor River mouth.

Massep  70  Christian

North coast east of Mamberamo River mouth and west of Sarmi, near Apauwer River. Alternate names: Masep, Potafa, Wotaf.

Mawes  900  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, northeast coast east of Sarmi, Mawes Wres, Mawes Dai, Mawes Mukti villages.

Mekwei  1.600  Christian

West of Lake Sentani, Maribu, Waibrong, Kendate, Sabron Dosay villages. Alternate names: Demenggong-Waibron-Bano, Menggei, Menggwei, Moi, Mooi, Munggai, Mungge, Munkei, Waipu. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 60% with Kemtuik [kmt].

Mlap  600  Christian

West of Lake Sentani, just north of Gresi [grs]. Alternate names: Kuangsu-Bonggrang, Kwangsu-Bonggrang, Kwansu, Kwansu-Bonggrang. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 60% with Kemtuik [kmt].

Mo  550

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, coastal area and Wakde Island off the north coast just east of Tor River. Alternate names: Wakde.

Nafri  2.800  Christian

Jayapura area, southeast end of Yotafa Bay, Nafri village.

Nimboran  4.700  Christian

due west of Lake Sentani. About 26 villages. Alternate names: Nambrong. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 40% with Kemtuik [kmt].

Nisa  700  Christian

East side of Geelvink Bay inland, Danau Nisa area. Alternate names: Bonefa, Kerema

Many Nisa people farm (tubers, greens, and sago) or fish for a living. Living at an altitude of 100-200 meters above sea level, the Nisa people can best be accessed by boat. Travel from Marikai to the Nisa area consists of a 5-6 hour boat trip.
The main diet of the Nisa people is sago and fish. Currently there are no good airstrip possibilities in the area.

Obokuitai  100  Christian

Lakes Plain just north of mid-Rouffaer River, Obogwi village. Alternate names: Aliki, Ati, Obogwitai. Dialects: Related to Doutai [tds], Biritai [bqq], Sikaritai [tty]. Lexical similarity: 78% with Eritai [ert], 69% with Biritai.

Onya  2.200   Christian

900 in Unurum-Guay, 100 in Bonggo subdistrict, 600 in Lereh subdistrict. Unurum-Guay, Bonggo subdistrict, Lereh subdistrict, Taja, Witi, and Wamho (formerly of Orya) villages. Alternate names: Oria, Uria, Warpok, Warpu. Dialects: Barat (West Orya), Timur (East Orya), Yapsi-Taja. Slight dialect differences.

Ormu  700  Animism

North coast area just west of Jayapura, north of Cyclops Mountains, Ormu Besar, Ormu Kecil villages.

Papasena  600 Christian

Papasena_tone

Lakes Plain area, lower Idenburg River just east of Rouffaer River juncture. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 23% with Sikaritai [tty].

Samarokena  600  Christian

North coast inland just east of Apawar River, west of Sarmi, Karfasia, Samarkena, Maseb, Tamaya villages. Alternate names: Karfasia, Samarkena, Tamaja, Tamaya.

Sentani   35.000  Animism

Lake Sentani area, about 30 villages. Scattered in Papua and other parts of Indonesia. Alternate names: Buyaka. Dialects: East Sentani, West Sentani, Central Sentani. Lexical similarity: 30% with Tabla [tnm].

Sikaritai  1.000  Christian

Lakes Plain area, Idenburg and Rouffaer River junctions north, Mamberamo River, Sikari, Haya, Iri villages. Alternate names: Aikwakai, Araikurioko, Ati, Sikari, Tori, Tori Aikwakai. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 86% with Eritai [ert].

Their language, also called Sikaritai, is used as a language of wider communication by some of the surrounding language groups. The Sikaritai live in four small villages in the area where the Idenburg and Rouffaer Rivers empty into the Mamberamo River about 250 km west of the city of Jayapura. Much of their area is quite flat and swampy.
The Sikaritai make their living by hunting and gathering food in the forest, as well as planting gardens and fishing in the rivers of the area. For getting their drinking water and for washing, they mainly use the river. The area of the Sikaritai is not serviced by electricity or telephones. Their main mode of transportation is by riverboat along the many rivers that wind through the area, or simply by walking. They build their homes from materials from the forest. Most of the children attend primary school, but there is no further education available in their area. The Sikaritai often intermarry with the neighboring language groups. Polygamy is still quite common among the Sikaritai, with many men having two or three wives.
The majority religion of the Sikaritai is Christianity. The church is established in the area, but there is still a strong influence from traditional religion. There are a few Sikaritai who are training to be pastors or ministers among the people.

Skou  600   Christian

East of Jayapura, north coast border area, Tami River mouth, Sko-Yambe, Sko-Mabu, Sko-Sai villages. Alternate names: Sekol, Sekou, Sko, Skouw, Skow, Sukou, Te Mawo, Tumawo. Dialects: Related to Vanimo [vam], Wutung [wut], Margu [mhg].

Sobei  2.500  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Sarmi subdistrict, north coast area east of Sarmi. Alternate names: Biga, Imasi, Liki. Dialects: Comprehension of, Liki [lio], Papuan Malay [pmy].

Sowari  1.400  Christian

North coast west of Tanamerah Bay, Muris Besar, Muris Kecil, Ambora, Yougafsa villages. Alternate names: Demta, Muris.

Sunum  600  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, coastal area and an island off north coast, east of Tor River. Alternate names: Yamna.

Tabla  800   Christian

Jayapura, Demta, Depapre, 13 villages on north coast east and west of Tanahmerah Bay. Alternate names: Jakari, Tabi, Tanah Merah, Tanahmerah 2, Tepera. Dialects: Yokari, Tepera, Yewena-Yongsu. Yokari dialect understood by other dialects at 80% to 95%, others have 95%–100% mutual intelligibility. Lexical similarity: 30% with Sentani [set].

Taikat  1.000  Christian

Straight south of Jayapura, northeast border area. Alternate names: Arso, Tajkat. Dialects: Most similar to Awyi [auw].

Tarpia  900  Christian

Jayapura Regency, Demta subdistrict, Tarpia village. Alternate names: Tarfia, Sufrai. Dialects: Most similar to Kaptiau [kbi] and Bonggo [bgp].

Tobati  400   Christian

Jayapura Bay, near Jayapura, Tobati, Enggros, Entrop, Kota Raja, Tanah Hitam villages. Alternate names: Enggros, Humboldt Jotafa, Jayapura, Jotafa, Tobwadic, Yautefa, Yotafa. Dialects: Formerly classified as Papuan.

Trimuris  300  Islam

Jayapura Regency, Mamberamo Tengah subdistrict, Mamberamo River east bank, between Kauwera [xau] and Bagusa [bqb]. Dialects: Low intelligibility of Kwerba [kwe]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Kauwera and 60% with Kwerba

Vitou  600  Animism

Sarmi Regency, Pantai Timur subdistrict, Takar village. Alternate names: Takar.

Wares  1.400   Christian

Keerom Regency, Waris subdistrict, south of Jayapura. Alternate names: Walsa.

Yarsun  200  Christian

Sarmi Regency, Bonggo subdistrict, Island off north coast east of Biri River

Yoke  200

Sarmi Regency, east of Warembori east of Mamberamo River, Mantarbori village. Recently moved to coast from interior. Alternate names: Bitovondo, Jauke, Pauwi, Yauke, Yoki. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 33% with Warembori [wsa]

 

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