West Papua Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in West Papua Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

West Papua

Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve

Bituni-01-800

Bintuni, Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam

General
Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve comprises a 450,000 ha. area at the western side of the ‘neck’ of Bird’s Head peninsula. The site is proposed to become a nature reserve and is regarded as one of the best developed and least disturbed mangrove areas in Indonesia.
The Bintuni Bay comprises a large sheltered bay, bordered by intertidal mudflats, sandbars and extensive mangrove areas, representing 10% of Indonesia’s total mangrove area. The mangrove forest is backed by a 5 km wide Nypa palm zone which is locally followed by freshwater swamp forests. Tropical lowland rainforest continues inland from the freshwater swamp zone.
Access
Teluk Bintuni can only be visited by boat or plane with destination Babo or Bintuni. Both are served once a month by a ferry from western Indonesia or Fakfak.
Accommodation
It should be possible to find some kind of accommodation in one of the harbours in Teluk Bintuni.
Addresses
PHPA, Jl. Pemuda 40, Sorong.

Flora

* Avicennia spp.
* Bruguiera spp.
* Intsia spp.
* Metroxylon sagu
* Nypa fructicans
* Pandanus spp.
* Rhizophora spp.
* Sonneratia spp.
* Xylocarpus spp.

Birds
* Northern Cassowary – Casuarius unappendiculatus
* Red-billed Brush-turkey – Talegalla cuvieri
* Radjah Shelduck – Tadorna radjah
* Blyth’s Hornbill – Aceros plicatus
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Azure Kingfisher – Alcedo azurea
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Common Paradise-Kingfisher – Tanysiptera galatea
* Rainbow Bee-eater – Merops ornatus
* Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
* Orange-fronted Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus aurantiifrons
* Orange-bellied Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus iozonus
* Pinon Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula pinon
* Collared Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula mullerii
* Western Crowned-Pigeon – Goura cristata
* Greater Black Coucal – Centropus menbeki
* Palm Cockatoo – Probosciger aterrimus
* Sulphur-crested Cockatoo – Cacatua galerita
* Black Lory – Chalcopsitta atra
* Rainbow Lorikeet – Trichoglossus haematodus
* Black-capped Lory – Lorius lory
* Yellow-capped Pygmy-Parrot – Micropsitta keiensis
* Red-cheeked Parrot – Geoffroyus geoffroyi
* Eclectus Parrot – Eclectus roratus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Moustached Treeswift – Hemiprocne mystacea
* Papuan Frogmouth – Podargus papuensis
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
* Grey-tailed Tattler – Tringa brevipes
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii

* Common Black-headed Gull – Larus ridibundus
* Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
* Caspian Tern – Sterna caspia
* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Common Tern – Sterna hirundo
* Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Pacific Baza – Aviceda subcristata
* Long-tailed Honey-buzzard – Henicopernis longicauda
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Swamp Harrier – Circus approximans
* Gurney’s Eagle – Aquila gurneyi
* Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster
* Australian Darter – Anhinga novaehollandiae
* Black Bittern – Dupetor flavicollis
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus
* Australian Ibis – Threskiornis molucca
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* White-shouldered Fairywren – Malurus alboscapulatus
* Mimic Honeyeater – Meliphaga analoga
* New Guinea Friarbird – Philemon novaeguineae
* Mangrove Gerygone – Gerygone levigaster
* Torrent Robin – Monachella muelleriana
* Lemon-bellied Flyrobin – Microeca flavigaster
* Mangrove Robin – Eopsaltria pulverulenta
* Torresian Crow – Corvus orru
* Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise – Seleucidis melanoleuca
* Lesser Bird-of-paradise – Paradisaea minor
* Boyer’s Cuckooshrike – Coracina boyeri
* White-bellied Cuckooshrike – Coracina papuensis
* Willie-wagtail – Rhipidura leucophrys
* Northern Fantail – Rhipidura rufiventris
* Spangled Drongo – Dicrurus bracteatus
* Shining Flycatcher – Myiagra alecto
* Singing Starling – Aplonis cantoroides
* Yellow-faced Myna – Mino dumontii
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Olive-crowned Flowerpecker – Dicaeum pectorale
* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Streak-headed Munia – Lonchura tristissima

Reptiles
* New Guinea Freshwater Crocodile – Crocodylus novaeguineae
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

Bintuni Bay, West Papua Province

Why the Conservancy Selected This Site
In Indonesia’s West Papua Province, The Nature Conservancy is working with local partners to protect Bintuni Bay, which contains more than 1.1 million acres of mangroves-∙making it the world’s third largest mangrove area and the second largest in Asia.
Due to the rapid exploitation of mangroves throughout western Indonesia, Bintuni Bay’s mangroves probably represent 25% of those remaining in Indonesia. To date, Bintuni Bay’s mangroves have remained relatively untouched, particularly the 300,000 acres of the Bintuni Bay Nature Reserve.
This subtly beautiful forest area is a maze of creeks and river channels, with orchid- laden trees growing up to 130 feet in height and 5 feet in diameter.
Threats
Besides their innate beauty, the Bintuni Bay mangroves support the local economy and protect the bay’s important fisheries by acting as a natural nursery for crabs, fish, and shrimp. They also provide housing materials to local communities and act as a natural barrier to the huge banks of silt at the head of the bay. Unfortunately Bintuni Bay’s mangroves are increasingly threatened by overharvesting,logging, and clearing to make way for coastal shrimp farm facilities. Economic development in the Bintuni area is increasing due to a new liquid gas field in the bay, and the population is expanding rapidly.
Ironically, this new development might provide a lifeline for the Bintuni Bay Nature Reserve.
Bintuni’s rapid growth has led to the establishment of a new layer of local government, the Kabupaten (or district) Teluk Bintuni. Most environmental threats are local in origin and control from the central government is distant and ineffective, so the Conservancy is working with the new Kabupaten to develop a form of park management that respects local autonomy and allows for community involvement.
What the Conservancy Is Doing
In 2003, the Conservancy began consulting with local stakeholders and working with schoolteachers in the Bintuni area to raise conservation awareness in classrooms. We also provided training in Participatory Conservation Planning, a form of scientific planning that takes into account the needs and knowledge of local communities, to the government and local conservation groups.
In the next year, the Conservancy will build on this work by helping to develop a management plan for Bintuni Bay Nature Reserve that:
-≥ lists major biological and ecosystem targets;
-≥ includes local communities in a collaborative vision for protecting the Reserve;
-≥ outlines short-term and long-term management needs;
-≥ evaluates infrastructure and funding requirements; and,
-≥ devolves management responsibilities and authority to the Kabupaten government.

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