West Papua Kumawa Mountains Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in West Papua Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

West Papua

Kumawa Mountains Nature Reserve

Location:3-ª40′-4-ª05’S, 132-ª45′-133-ª25’E; on the Bomberai Peninsula southwest of Kaimana, on the south coast of western Irma Jaya, Kubupaten Fakfak, Irian Jaya.
Area:Area of wetlands unknown; whole region 118,000 ha.
Altitude:Sea level to 1,600m.
Description of site:
The Kumawa Mountains lie at the southwestern extremity of the Bomberai Peninsula, and Consist of three sets of peaks exceeding l,400m in elevation. The eastermost part of the region consists of flat alluvial lowlands, while the southern slopes of the mountains are especially steep. Most of the area is covered in moist lowland forest (56,640 ha) and montane forest (49,560 ha). Wetland habitats include 9,440 ha of coastal mangroves, 2,360 ha of beach vegetation, a marsh at 600m elevation three km east of northernmost peak (29 km SSE of Teluk Sebakar), and two freshwater lakes at an elevation of 1,200m three km south of the northernmost peak. There are several meandering rivers and several large waterfalls, including one of 70m on a river near Karawai Island. A small group of islets, the Paliki Islets, lies offshore.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove forest with species of Avicennia, Sonneratia and Bruguiera reed-beds and sedge marshes around freshwater lakes in the north. Dominant plant genera elsewhere on the island include Asplenium, Plazycerium, Bulbophyllum, Dendrobium, Vomda. Selaginella, Begonia, Pal aquium, Podocarpus and Amorphophallus.
Land tenure:No information.
Conservation measures taken:None.
Conservation measures proposed:The entire area has been proposed as a Nature Reserve (Cagar Alam).
Land use:Gathering of masoi (at 1,000m elevation) and some logging; fishing around the coast. The region is uninhabited except for Nusawalan Village on the south coast, and a transient fishermen’s camp on Teluk Sebakor. There may be some exploration for oil in the future.
Disturbances and threats:
Logging, human settlement and hunting.
Economic and social values:
The waters around the peninsula are fishing grounds for the Buginese people. The area has high scenic values and may have some potential for tourism.
Fauna:
The area supports a very diverse avifauna. Over 220 species of birds have been recorded, including many waterbirds such as Pelecanus conspicillatus, Phalacrocorax melanoleucos, P. sulcirostris, Butorides striatus, Egretta sacra, E. intermedia, E. alba, Tadorna radjah, Pandion haliaetus, Haliaeetus leucogaster and Esacus magnirostris.
Thousands of flying foxes, probably Pteropus conspicillazus, roost on the Fatar Islands. Other mammals include Thyogale bruijni, tree kangaroos Dendrogoius sp and Phalanger macullatus.
Special floral values:
The mangrove forests are of considerable botanical interest.

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