Timor Teluk Kupang Marine Recreation Park

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Timor Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Timor

Teluk Kupang Marine Recreation Park

Teluk Kupang Marine Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam,Teluk Kupang

General
Teluk Kupang Marine Recreation Park comprises an area of 50,000 ha in the south-western part of Timor. The park consists of a large bay fringed with coral reefs, mudflats and mangrove forest.
The coral reefs of the park form the main attraction. They are generally in good condition and can be explored from Kupang, Pulau Semau or Pulau Kera. The island Pulau Kera, encircled by sandy beaches, lies at the entrance of the bay. Pulau Semau lies adjacent to the bay and is not part of the park.
The approximately 4,000 ha of intertidal mudflats, partly overgrown with mangrove forest, forms a very important wintering area for migratory waders. The mudflats are crossed by five deep tidal creeks which are lined with mangrove trees. Freshwater drains from most of the inland Oesau Plain, only between November and March.
On the northeast end of Teluk Kupang, at Bipolo, a small lowland evergreen forest can be found. Although not protected, this area represents the only forest of this type on Timor. Moreover, it’s the only known recent locality for the endemic Timor Green-Pigeon and it supports a very rich avifauna.
Access
As the capital of Nusa Tenggara Timur, Kupang is very easy accessible. You can get there in several ways:
* by plane from Darwin (Australia), Sumatra, Sulawesi, Java, Bali, Flores and Sumba.
* by boat from Alor, Flores, Roti, Sawu and Sumba
Bipolo can be reached by the Parita bus from Walikota bus station in Kupang.
Accommodation
* Kupang
o Many possibilities
* Pulau Semau
o Homestay Um Intene
o Flobamor Beach Cottages (book in Kupang)
o Hotel Uiasa (book in Kupang)
Addresses
Pitoby Water Sports, Jl.Sudirman 118, Kupang.
PHPA, Jl.Perintis Kemerdekaan, Walikota (Kupang suburb).

Flora

* Avicennia spp.
* Rhizophora spp.

Mammals
* Dugong – Dugong dugon

Birds
[Bipolo]
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher – Todirhamphus australasia
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Brush Cuckoo – Cacomantis variolosus
* Gould’s Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx russatus
* Australian Koel – Eudynamys cyanocephala
* Yellow-crested Cockatoo – Cacatua sulphurea
* Rainbow Lorikeet – Trichoglossus haematodus
* Olive-headed Lorikeet – Trichoglossus euteles
* Iris Lorikeet – Psitteuteles iris
* Red-cheeeked Parrot – Geoffroyus geoffroyi
* Great-billed Parrot – Tanygnathus megalorynchos
* Olive-shouldered Parrot – Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
* Streaked Boobook – Ninox novaeseelandiae
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Metallic Pigeon – Columba vitiensis
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Dusky Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia magna
* Black Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena modesta
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Barred Dove – Geopelia maugeus
* Timor Green-Pigeon – Treron psittacea
* Black-backed Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus cinctus
* Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus regina
* Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula rosacea
* Pacific Baza – Aviceda subcristata
* Short-toed Snake-Eagle – Circaetus gallicus
* Brown Goshawk – Accipiter fasciatus
* Bonelli’s Eagle – Hieraaetus fasciatus
* Australian Hobby – Falco longipennis
* Elegant Pitta – Pitta elegans
* Red-rumped Myzomela – Myzomela vulnerata
* Yellow-eared Honeyeater – Lichmera flavicans
* Streaky-breasted Honeyeater – Meliphaga reticulata
* Plain Friarbird – Philemon inornatus
* Helmeted Friarbird – Philemon buceroides
* Plain Gerygone – Gerygone inornata
* Fawn-breasted Whistler – Pachycephala orpheus
* Golden Whistler – Pachycephala pectoralis
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* Olive-brown Oriole – Oriolus melanotis
* Timor Figbird – Sphecotheres viridis
* Wallacean Cuckooshrike – Coracina personata
* Slender-billed Cicadabird – Coracina tenuirostris
* White-shouldered Triller – Lalage sueurii

* Northern Fantail – Rhipidura rufiventris
* Rufous Fantail – Rhipidura rufifrons
* Wallacean Drongo – Dicrurus densus
* Spectacled Monarch – Monarcha trivirgatus * Broad-billed Flycatcher – Myiagra ruficollis
* Orange-banded Thrush – Zoothera peronii
* Little Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula westermanni
* Black-banded Flycatcher – Ficedula timorensis
* Timor Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis hyacinthinus
* White-bellied Bushchat – Saxicola gutturalis
* Short-tailed Starling – Aplonis minor
* Ashy-bellied White-eye – Zosterops citrinellus
* Spot-breasted White-eye – Heleia muelleri
* Timor Stubtail – Urosphena subulata
* Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
* Timor Leaf-Warbler – Phylloscopus presbytes
* Buff-banded Grassbird – Buettikoferella bivittata
* Thick-billed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum agile
* Red-chested Flowerpecker – Dicaeum maugei
* Flame-breasted Sunbird – Nectarinia solaris
* Tricolored Parrotfinch – Erythrura tricolor
* Black-faced Munia – Lonchura molucca

[Teluk Kupang]

* Horsfield’s Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx basalis
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Red Knot – Calidris canutus
* Sanderling – Calidris alba
* Long-toed Stint – Calidris subminuta
* Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
* Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum
* Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
* Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
* Pied Heron – Ardea picata
* Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus
* Australian Pelican – Pelecanus conspicillatus
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel

Reptiles
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

Fishes

* Triggerfish – Balistidae
* Reef Blacktip Shark – Carcharhinus melanopterus
* Batfish – Ephippidae
* Sweetlips – Haemulidae
* Garden Eel – Heterocongridae
* Wrasse – Labridae
* Emperor – Lethrinidae
* Snapper – Lutjanidae
* Manta Ray – Manta alfredi
* Moray Eel – Muraenidae
* Angelfish – Pomacanthidae
* Ray – Rajidae
* Remor – Remora remora
* Whale Shark – Rhincodon typus
* Parrotfish – Scaridae
* Scorpionfish – Scorpaenidae
* Grouper – Serranidae
* Pipefish – Syngnathidae
* Puffer – Tetradontidae
* Reef Whitetip Shark – Triaenodon obesus

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