Halmahera, Gamalama volcano

Written by on July 31, 2012 in Maluku Volcano with 0 Comments

Halmahera, Gamalama volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-06=

Gamalama

Country: Indonesia

Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)

Volcano Number: 0608-06=

Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes

Volcano Status: Historical

Last Known Eruption: 2003 

Summit Elevation: 1715 m 5,627 feet

Latitude: 0.80°N 0°48’0″N

Longitude: 127.33°E 127°20’0″E

Gamalama (Peak of Ternate) is a near-conical stratovolcano that comprises the entire island of Ternate off the western coast of Halmahera and is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. The island of Ternate was a major regional center in the Portuguese and Dutch spice trade for several centuries, which contributed to the thorough documentation of Gamalama’s historical activity. Three cones, progressively younger to the north, form the summit of Gamalama, which reaches 1715 m. Several maars and vents define a rift zone, parallel to the Halmahera island arc, that cuts the volcano. Eruptions, recorded frequently since the 16th century, typically originated from the summit craters, although flank eruptions have occurred in 1763, 1770, 1775, and 1962-63.

Tags: , , ,

Subscribe

If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it.

Subscribe via RSS Feed

Leave a Reply

Top