Banda Sea, Gunung Api Banda Marine Park

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Maluku Volcano with 0 Comments

Laut Banda – Gunung Api Banda Marine Park

Sluiten Laut Banda, Gunung Api, Laut Banda, Gunung Api Banda Marine Park, Cagar Alam

General
An area of 2,500 ha. of the Banda archipelago has been set aside as marine recreation park. Furthermore, Gunung Api Banda, one of the islands of the archipelago, forms a seperate (marine) recreation park of 735 ha.
The Banda archipelago consists of nine volcanic islands with quiet beaches surrounded by the most beautiful coral reefs in Maluku. The area is very important for many seabird, turtle and fish species.
Gunung Api Banda (676 m) is an active volcano which last erupted in 1988. The volcano, which can be climbed in 2-3 hrs., forms the main attraction of the park.
Access
The Banda archipelago can be reached by boat or plane from Ambon. All public tranport ends on Pulau Bandanaira. To get to the other islands of the archipelago you have to charter a boat from Bandanaira.
Accommodation
* Bandanaira
o Many possibilities
* Pulau Syahrir
o Homestay Mailena
* Pulau Karaka
o Some simple Homestays
Addresses
KSDA, Jl.Kebun Cengkeh, Batu Merah Atas, Ambon
KSDA Maluku, Jl.Pandan Kasturi, Tantui, Ambon
Birdlife International, Jl.Ppandan Kasturi SK 43/3, Tantui, Ambon
Trekking
The Banda archipelago offers excellent diving and snorkeling. Equipment and boats can be hired in Bandanaira.

Banda Api is a small but very active island volcano in the remote Banda islands. It has been observed and written about for centuries since it was a key location for the trading of spice when the British, Dutch and Portuguese sought the vast quantities of nutmeg on these islands – particularly tiny Run island. To reach the Banda islands, charter a plane or boat from Ambon or look online at the various tours you can join. The last major eruption was in 1988.

For an interesting and informative account of the Banda islands and their historical significance read Nathaniel’s Nutmeg by Giles Milton.

Birds
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Wallace’s Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus wallacii
* Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus regina
* Elegant Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula concinna
* Little Curlew – Numenius minutus
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Grey-tailed Tattler – Tringa brevipes
* Sooty Tern – Sterna fuscata
* Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
* Red-footed Booby – Sula sula
* Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster
* Pied Heron – Ardea picata
* Australian Pelican – Pelecanus conspicillatus
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Wedge-tailed Shearwater – Puffinus pacificus
* Island Whistler – Pachycephala phaionotus
* Kai Cicadabird – Coracina dispar
* Rufous Fantail – Rhipidura rufifrons
* Lemon-bellied White-eye – Zosterops chloris Reptiles
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata

Fishes
* Surgeonfish – Acanthuridae
* Trumpetfish – Aulostomidae
* Triggerfish – Balistidae
* Fusilier – Caesionidae
* Jacks – Carangidae
* Butterflyfish – Chaetodontidae
* Garden Eel – Congridae
* Batfish – Ephippidae
* Sweetlips – Haemulidae
* Wrasse – Labridae
* Snapper – Lutjanidae
* Moray Eel – Muraenidae
* Angelfish – Pomacanthidae
* Ray – Rajidae
* Parrotfish – Scaridae
* Scorpionfish – Scorpaenidae
* Tuna – Scombridae
* Grouper – Serranidae
* Barracuda – Sphyraenidae
* Reef Whitetip Shark – Triaenodon obesus

Country: Indonesia

Subregion Name: Banda Sea

Volcano Number: 0605-09=

Volcano Type: Caldera

Volcano Status: Historical

Last Known Eruption: 1988 

Summit Elevation: 640 m 2,100 feet

Latitude: 4.525°S 4°31’30″S

Longitude: 129.871°E 129°52’17″E

The small island volcano of Banda Api is the NE-most volcano in the Sunda-Banda arc and has a long period of historical observation because of its key location in the thriving Portuguese and Dutch spice trade. The basaltic-to-rhyodacitic Banda Api is located in the SW corner of a 7-km-wide mostly submerged caldera that comprises the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands in the Banda Sea. At least two episodes of caldera formation are thought to have occurred, with the arcuate islands of Lonthor and Neira considered to be remnants of the pre-caldera volcanoes. Gunung Api forms a conical peak rising to 640 m at the center of the 3-km-wide Banda Api island. Historical eruptions have been recorded since 1586, mostly consisting of strombolian eruptions from the summit crater, but larger explosive eruptions have occurred and occasional lava flows have reached the coast.

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