Halmahera, Aketajawe Lolobata National Park

Written by on November 19, 2010 in North Maluku Nature Reserves with 0 Comments

Halmahera, Aketajawe Lolobata National Park

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Aketajawe Lolobata National Park is a protected area which combines two separated core zones (Aketajawe Protected Forest Group and Lolobata Forest Group). The National Park area has various habitat types and species. This area has complete habitats of lowland to montane habitats in Halmahera Island. The area is also functioned as water protection and absorption, which is important for the communities, agriculture, industries and others. Besides, the area offers an interesting cultural attraction from Tugutil community, who still preserves their traditional life as well as their knowledge in herbal plants utilization.
Legal Basis of Designation:
Ministry of Forestry Decree
Number 397/Menhut-II/2004
Dated 18 October 2004

Total area: 167,300 ha

Location:
Province of North Maluku: Districts of Halmahera Tengah, Tidore and Halmahera Timur.

Geographic Position:
01-ª27’34-÷ – 00-ª58’47-÷ S and

128-ª12’37-÷ and 129-ª40’49-÷ E

Topography
Similar with Halmahera Island, the topography in Aketajawe Lolobata NP area is flat, rolling, to mountainous.

Climate
North Maluku area is influenced by the tropical coastal and monsoon climates. Therefore, the climate is strongly affected by the ocean and varies between every part of the area, including North Halmahera, Central/West Halmahera, Bacan, and Sula Islands. The area of Aketajawe and Lolobata is situated in the climate area of Central/West Halmahera, with the rainy season occurs during October – March, the transition season is in April, the dry season during April – September, which is followed by East wind and the transition season is in September. The average rainfall is between 2,000 -√ 2,500 mm per annum.

Biotic
Flora
The AketajaweLolobata NP represents the lowland rain forest and the montane rain forest. The forest area has a high potential of biodiversity including various flora species like damar (Agathis sp.), bintangur (Calophyllum inophyllum), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), kayubugis (Koordersiodendron pinnatum), matoa (Pometia pinnata), merbau (Intsia bijuga), canary (Canarium mehenbethene gaerta) and nyatoh (Palaquium obtusifolium).

Fauna
Mammal;

From 51 mammal species in North Maluku (11 endemic species), 28 species are found in Halmahera Island (7 endemic species) and 1 species is endemic to Halmahera, which is golden cat (Phalanger sp.). Other species are including common wild pig (Sus scrofa), and timor deer (Cervus timorensis moluccensis).

Bird;
From 243 bird species in North Maluku (26 endemic species), 211 are found in Halmahera Island (24 endemic species). This Park is a place for four species of five endemic and globally extinct bird species, as well as a place for high economic value birds, such as wallace’s standarwing (Semioptera wallacei) and white cockatoo (Cacatua alba). Other species are invisible rail (Habroptila wallacii), blue and white kingfisher (Halcyon diops), halmahera cuckoo-shrike (Coracina parvula), dusky-brown oriole (Oriolus phaeochromus), moluccan goshawk (Accipiter henicogrammus), dusky scrubfowl (Megapodius freycinet), long-billed crow (Corvus validus), grey-headed fruit-dove (Ptilinopus hyogaster), ivory-breasted pitta (Pitta maxima), and purple dollarbird (Eurystomus azureus).

Reptile and Amphibi;

Frog (Callulops dubia, Caphixalus montanus); reptil such as monitor (Hydrosaurus werneri), and monitor lizard (Varanus sp.).

Other Halmahera endemic species include grasshopper (2 species), dragonfly (3 species), butterfly (1 species), and land mollusc (20 species). Other species are grasshopper (Cranaekukenthali spp.), hering’s swallowtail (Papilio heringi), dragonfly (Selysioneura thalia, Synthemis spp.) and snail (Palaeohelicina zoae). Some insect species are including Cethosia chrysippe bernsteini, Dorcus ternatensis, and Eupholus shoenherri.

Tourism
Interesting objects
This area has a beautiful landscape, which attracts the visitors, such as waterfalls, bird, comprehensive research site, and the traditional custom of Tugutil community. The Tugutil community attracts the visitors one of them is because of their local knowledge in using the richness of herbal plants for medicine.

For adventurers who love the natural beauty, in particular the birdies, the Park is the most wonderful place for bird watching, like there is no other places elsewhere.

Best times to visit :April to September

Facilities :Currently, some facilties are establishing.

How to get to there :
-≥ Lolobata
From Ternate to Sidangoli by speed boat (-+ hours), then followed by car (road) to Daru (2 hours). From Daru, the trip is continued by motor boat to Poli/Subaim (1.5 hours).

-≥ Aketajawe
From Ternate to Bastiong by speed boat (1/2 hour), then followed by car to Gita (3 hours). From Gita to Sungai Akejira/Hijrah, the trip is continued by car (3 hours).

Management
The National Park is managed by Balai Taman Nasional (National Park Authority) AketajaweLolobata, as a Technical Management Unit of the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation, Ministry of Forestry.

Office
Balai Taman NasionalAketajaweLolobata
Jl. Bandara Sultan Babullah, Ternate,
North Maluku Porvince

 

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