Moluccas Tanimbar Yamdena Nature Reserve

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Maluku National Parks with 0 Comments

Moluccas

Tanimbar Yamdena Nature Reserve

Tanimbar, Yamdena, Tanimbar Yamdena Nature Reserve, Taman Buru

General
Pulau Yamdena is one of the major islands of the Tanimbar archipelago located in south-east Maluku. The proposed area of the future Yamdena Nature Reserve comprises 60,000 ha. but so far, only three nature reserves have been established:
* Nustaram; comprising 3,200 ha. of scrubby forest at Yamdena’s west coast
* Pulau Nuswotar; uninhabited coral island comprising 7,500 ha. off the north-west coast of Yamdena
* Pulau Angwarmase; comprising 800 ha. of sandy beaches surrounded by coral reefs off Yamdena’s south coast
The extension of the reserve to its proposed 60,000 ha. depends on the outcome of a year-long difference of opinion, considering Yamdena’s future, between the logging industry on the one side and locals and environmental organizations on the other side.
Pulau Yamdena is relatively flat with some low hills in the central part of the island. The island’s interior is overgrown with untouched lowland decidous forest; one of the few remaining areas in Indonesia where this ecosystem still occurs. Towards the coast, freshwater swamp dominated by Oncosperma forms the transition zone to extensive areas of mangrove forests. The western coast is characterized by beach heads fringed by tidal mudflats.
The archipelago, although remote, is especially interesting for bird-watchers as it supports eight endemic species.
Access
Saumlaki, Yamdena’s major town, can be reached by boat or plane from Ambon. Planes serve the island once a week, if they do?! To get there by boat, catch one of the passenger boats, Bukit Siguntang or Rinjani, from Ambon to Kei (more or less weekly), then Tatamailau from Kei (once a month, 15hrs), or ferry from Kei (once a week, 30hrs).
Accommodation
* Saumlaki
o Hotel Ratulel
o Kellybait
o Harapan Indah
o Pantai Indah

Flora

* Aegiceras corniculatum
* Avicennia spp.
* Bruguiera spp.
* Ceriops spp.
* Lelemuku orchid – Dendrobium phalaenopsis
* Nypa fruticans
* Oncosperma spp.
* Rhizophora spp.

Mammals
* Northern common cuscus – Phalanger orientalis
* Dugong – Dugong dugon

Birds
* Tanimbar Megapode – Megapodius tenimberensis
* Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher – Todirhamphus australasia
* Pied Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx crassirostris
* Tanimbar Cockatoo – Cacatua goffini
* Blue-streaked Lory – Eos reticulata
* Lesser Masked-Owl – Tyto sororcula
* Moluccan Hawk-Owl – Ninox squamipila
* Dusky Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia magna
* Wallace’s Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus wallacii
* Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus regina
* Elegant Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula concinna
* Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula rosacea
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster

* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Australian Pelican – Pelecanus conspicillatus
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Elegant Pitta – Pitta elegans
* Banda Myzomela – Myzomela boiei
* White-tufted Honeyeater – Lichmera squamata
* Black-faced Friarbird – Philemon moluccensis
* Rufous-sided Gerygone – Gerygone dorsalis
* Golden-bellied Flyrobin – Microeca hemixantha
* Golden Whistler – Pachycephala pectoralis
* Wallacean Whistler – Pachycephala arctitorquis
* Black-eared Oriole – Oriolus bouroensis
* White-browed Triller – Lalage moesta
* Cinnamon-tailed Fantail – Rhipidura fuscorufa
* Long-tailed Fantail – Rhipidura opistherythra
* Island Monarch – Monarcha cinerascens
* Loetoe Monarch – Monarcha castus
* Black-bibbed Monarch – Monarcha mundus
* Broad-billed Flycatcher – Myiagra ruficollis
* Slaty-backed Thrush – Zoothera schistacea
* Fawn-breasted Thrush – Zoothera machiki
* Tanimbar Starling – Aplonis crassa
* Tanimbar Bush-Warbler – Cettia carolinae
* Tricolored Parrotfinch – Erythrura tricolor

Reptiles
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

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