South Kalimantan Danau Bankau Barito Basin

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Kalimantan South Kalimantan Nature Reserve with 0 Comments

Danau Bankau Barito Basin

alt

Latitude :
2 37 48 S Logitude : 115 10 12 E
Altitude :
0 to 0 metres
Area :
480000 ha Wetlands: 314000 ha

The area is the alluvial plain of the lower Barito River and its left back tributaries where these emerge on to the plain, notably the Negara River. On first meeting the plain, the tributaries form a complex depositional network of levees and backswamps that support the densest rural population in Kalimantan (towns of Amuntai, Kandangan and Rantau) The tributaries then flow through a zone of deep water swamps (including Danau Bangkau, Danau Panggang, Alabio Polder etc.) which serve as a sump or floodwater storage area. The deep water swamps then drain slowly across the extensive, level, marine coastal plain into the Barito River and the sea. Peat swamps occur on the nonriverine sections of the plain, reading a depth of several metres in the north where they have a domed structure. The four main landtype categories are: a. Riverine levees and backswamps; b. Deep swamps (128,000 ha); c. Peatswamps (186,000 ha); d. Marine alluvial plain (166,000 ha). ad a. The riverine zone has freshwater and intensive land use including rice including rice in backswamps. ad b. The deep water swamp zone has freshwater, open marsh vegetation and some permanent lakes. ad c. The peatswamps are under forest and have acid water. ad d. The marine plain has alluvial forest with extensive stands of Melaleuca. Rivers are tidal, especially in the dry season, and soils are often cat-clays (potential acid sulphate solls). Principal vegetation: Deep swamps range from open lake through swamp grass to open forest. Peatswamp forest on peat swamps. Marine plain ranges from swamp grass to alluvial forest, some peat swampforest and Melaleuca scrub.
Site Location
Danau Bankau is located on lower Barito basin, South Kalimantan.
Special Memmo
Danau Bankau is located on lower Barito basin, South Kalimantan.

List of Birds (28 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Ardea purpurea
Ardeola speciosa
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides striatus
Dendrocygna arcuata
Dupetor flavicollis
Gallicrex cinerea
Gallinula chloropus
Gallinula tenebrosa
Himantopus himantopus
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Lower Risk App II
Irediparra gallinacea
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Ixobrychus sinensis
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable
Nettapus coromandelianus
Pelargopsis capensis
Phalacrocorax niger
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Plegadis falcinellus
Porphyrio porphyrio
Porzana cinerea
Porzana fusca
Pseudibis davisoni Endengered
Rallus striatus
Rostratula benghalensis
Tringa nebularia

 

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