West Kalimantan, Gunung-Palung-National-Park Introduction

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Kalimantan Mountains with 0 Comments

Gunung-Palung-National-Park

 Introduction

Gunung-Palung-01-800

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General
The Gunung Palung National Park is located in the province West Kalimantan and comprises an area of 90,000 ha. The site encompasses a broad range of forest habitats ranging from coastal beach and mangrove forest to untouched mountain forests on the slopes of the Gunung Palung (1116 m) and Gunung Panti peaks. Peat and freshwater swamp forest and highly endangered lowland dipterocarp forests ring the base and lower slopes of the isolated Palung mountain massif.
At Cabang Panti, located deep within the park, Harvard University has established a research station including a research network that encompasses a total area of approximately 1500 ha on the western side of Gunung Palung. A pilot project for community-based buffer zone management, including production forestry, in an area of approximately 8,000 hectares adjacent to the park currently tries to reduce pressure from illegal logging on the park and seems successful. The project is jointly administered by the Directorate General of Forest Utilization in the Department of Forestry and Estate Crops of The Republic of Indonesia and the Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Harvard University. The Harvard research station can’t be visited by tourists.
Access
Gunung Palung National Park is located in West Kalimantan province. The park can be reached in two ways : – From Pontianak take a boat or plane to Ketapang Ketapang to Sukadana and Sukadana to park take a boat for last 10 hours. – From Pontianak to Rasau by bus (1,5 hr). From Rasau catch a longboat to Teluk Melano (5-10 hours). In Teluk Melano hire a boat to Simanjak from where to have to travel the last stretch by canoe or klotok
Accommodation
Official tourist accommodation is available at the Harvard Research Station.
Addresses
KSDA, Jl. Abdurrachman Saleh 33, Pontianak.
Harvard University
Kotak Pos 1120
Jl Parit Haji Husin 1, Gang Cakra 31
Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia.
Phone (62) 0561 710118
Fax 0561 31757
E-mail: LTFE@pontianak.wasantara.net.id

This mountain gives its name to the Gunung Palung National Park and is home to an important biological research station, which is a base for study of the flora and fauna of this fantastic lowland primary rainforest. The highest point is not Gunung Palung, but is the neighbouring summit of Gunung Ponti in the U-shaped granite ridge. The folklore character Pontianak (which gives her name to the town of Pontianak) is a female vampire who comes at night and drinks the blood of her victims; the Malay believe that women who die in childbirth will rise again as Pontianak. The fauna includes wild orangutans, monkeys, gibbons, birds and Gunung Palung is famous for its variety of habitats, including lowland peat and fresh swamp forest with huge trees, riparian forest with pristine rivers, lower montane forest, and montane forest near the summits.

The Park is 200 km south of Pontianak (the capital of West Kalimantan) and the usual entrance is from the small town of Sukadana to the west of the park. You can can get from Pontianak by plane or speedboat (see practicalities section). Visitors must register in the National Park Office in Ketapang or Sukadana or Melano and provide a copy of ID documents. One critical issue at present is that the Park is actually designated as a research national park, which means it is accessible only to researchers with a research permit from the Indonesian government. However, the park is actively trying to encourage eco-tourism and trekking by general public is permitted in certain areas, with treks along defined trails with guides from the national park office. Unfortunately, the trails to the summit of Gunung Ponti and Gunung Palung pass directly through the active research area, where populations of orangutan, monkeys and gibbons are being studied, along with the flora in the different habitats. This is a sensitive area where research has been conducted since mid 1980s, so the general public does not currently have access to the only trails to the summit. However, the park director and staff recognize the desire of people to climb the summit and, along with the researchers who manage the research station, are actively looking for a solution. The park staff speak excellent English, and you are encouraged to call them (see practicalities section) and ask if you can climb Gunung Ponti.

One of Gunung Bagging’s founders was fortunate enough to join a special trip to the park and climb the summit. The trail into the park starts at a canal excavated into the dominant peatland about 15 minutes from Sukadana. The trail is 18km to the Cabang Panti Research Station, but the elevation gain is only 40 m, since the trail starts at 10m asl, and the research station is at 50m asl. For the first few kilometers along the canal the peatland forest has been cleared and burned. The trail then enters into secondary forest and generally improves in quality as you hike. It has clearly been heavily impacted by illegal logging, which was especially rampant in the early 2000s after decentralization of government. The park’s management and dedicated staff have managed to reduce the illegal logging, especially nearer to the research station although it is still a problem. The trail is boggy and you cross numerous small channels and streams where you cannot fail to get wet feet. The best footwear would be rubber boots (wellingtons) or very lightweight hiking boots or trail shoes. You cross two large streams where even rubber boots will not help because the water will likely be too deep. It’s also important to wear long pants and long sleeves because there are mosquitoes and leeches. Indeed, double layer of socks tucked into your trousers/pants is essential. A pocho is also useful for protection from the frequent showers, although at least the rain is warm! Keeping your spare clothes in a dry bag or plastic bag is advisable.

The Cabang Panti Research Station is set in the midst of fabulous forest at the edge of stream that comes directly from Gunung Ponti. In a small area, there are a huge variety of forest habitats and you wake up to the sounds of gibbon calls and have the chance to see wild male and female orangutans, many with little exposure humans that demands a sensitive approach.

The hike to Gunung Ponti steadily climbs a ridge up to the summit from Cabang Panti Research Station. You cannot be in the park without a guide, and it’s essential because there are so many marked/flagged trails related to the research activities. The hike is unique because you start in primary lowland forest and can see the transition to more open forest as you gain elevation, before the trees become shorter and smaller towards the summit. There are only a few opportunities for views to the plains and coast and neighbouring peaks but it is being in the forest that is the special for this hike. Above 1,000 m on Gunung Ponti the trail is very overgrown because this marks the end of the research transects and small weather stations end at this point. After that, a machete (parang) is useful you help clear the trail, but it is obvious which way is to the highest point. There’s no view at the summit, but certainly a sense of achievement. Previously there was a hike called “around the world” that enabled both Gunung Ponti and Gunung Palung to be climbed in one day by descending to the col between them, but this now looks almost impossible.

Bagging information by Andy Dean

Practicalities

Getting there

Speedboat:
Depart from Rasau (30 minutes by road from Pontianak airport) and it take between 4 to 7 hours to get to Teluk Melano depending on weather conditions. The speedboat journey is interesting in its own right, travelling through isolated and unpopulated coastal channels with mangrove and nypha palm vegetation and the chance of crocodile sightings. The boat makes a short lunch stop at a small village on one of the larger islands. Boats arrive in Teluk Melano, which is and Sukadana is approximately 30 minutes by road.
Plane:
Kalstar fly from Pontianak to Ketapang (40 mins flight), which is the location of the Park headquarters. Sukadana is 1.5 hours from Ketapang. Accommodation

The National Park recommend Nasalis Tour and Travel 0534 7722701 (see http://gunungpalung.net). Mahkota Kayong is a new large hotel in Sukadana, which provides good accommodation. Permits

: Jl. Gajah Mada, Kalinilam, Ketapang, Tel/Fax 0524 32720. Email: BTNGP@yahoo.com or Water sources

The streams of Gunung Palung and Gunung Ponti provide water that is crystal clear and safe to drink without any treatment. Enjoy it!

Flora
# Actinidiaceae
* Saurauia leprosa
# Alangiaceae
* Alangium javanicum
* Alangium ridleyi
# Anacardiaceae
* Bouea macrophylla
* Bouea oppositifolia
* Dracontomelon dao
* Drimycarpus luridus
* Gluta macrocarpa
* Gluta renghas
* Gluta speciosa
* Gluta wallichii
* Mangifera foetida
* Mangifera lagenifera
* Mangifera macrocarpa
* Mangifera similis
* Melanochyla elmeri
* Melanochyla fulvinervis
* Parishia insignis
* Parishia maingayi
# Ancistrocladaceae
* Ancistrocladus tectorius
# Anisophylleaceae
* Anisophyllea disticha
# Annonaceae
* Alphonsea cylindrica
* Alphonsea elliptica
* Artabotrys roseus
* Artabotrys suaveolens
* Cyathocalyx havilandii
* Cyathocalyx magnigica
* Fissistigma fulgens
* Fissistigma sp.
* Friesodielsia glauca
* Friesodielsia sp.
* Goniothalamus velutinus
* Goniothalamus spp.
* Mezzettia leptopoda
* Mezzettia umbellata
* Mitrephora polyprena
* Monocarpia marginalis
* Phaeanthus crassipetalus
* Polyalthia motleyana
* Polyalthia rumphii
* Polyalthia sumatrana
* Popowia pisocarpa
* Sageraea lanceolata
* Uvaria cauliflora
* Xylopia elliptica
* Xylopia ferruginea
* Xylopia malayana
* Xylopia sp.
# Apocynaceae
* Alstonia angustifolia
* Alyxia sp.
* Dyera costulata
* Hunteria sp.
* Kibatalia maingayi
* Urceola maingayi
* Willughbeia angustifolia
* Willughbeia coriacea
* Willughbeia macropoda
* Willughbeia sp.
# Aquifoliaceae
* Ilex beccariana
# Araucauriaceae
* Agathis borneensis
# Aristolochiaceae
* Thottea penitilobata
# Bombacaceae
* Durio acutifolius
* Durio griffithii
* Durio lanceolatus
* Durio oxleyanus
# Burseraceae
* Canarium apertum
* Canarium asperum
* Canarium hirsutum
* Canarium megalanthum
* Canarium pilosum
* Canarium spp.
* Dacryodes costata
* Dacryodes incurvata
* Dacryodes laxa
* Dacryodes rostrata
* Dacryodes spp.
* Santiria apiculata
* Santiria conferta
* Santiria griffithii
* Santiria laevigata
* Santiria tomentosa
* Scutinanthe brunnea
* Triomma malaccensis
# Celastraceae
* Bhesa paniculata
* Bhesa robusta
* Kokoona reflexa
* Lophopetalum pallidum
* Salacia lanceolata
# Cecropiaceae
* Poikilospermum suaveolens
# Chrysobalanaceae
* Atuna racemosa
* Licania splendens
* Maranthes corymbosa
* Parastemon urophyllus
* Parinari costata
# Connaraceae
* Agelaea borneensis
* Agelaea trinervis
* Connarus minor
* Connarus spp.
* Rourea mimosoides
* Rourea sp.
# Cornaceae
* Mastixia rostrata
# Crypteroniaceae
* Crypteronia griffithii
# Ctenolophonaceae
* Ctenolophon parvifolius
# Dichapetalaceae
* Dichapetalum spp.
# Dilleniaceae
* Dillenia excelsa
* Dillenia sumatrana
* Tetracera sp.
# Dipterocarpaceae
* Anisoptera grossivenia
* Dipterocarpus grandiflorus
* Dipterocarpus stellatus
* Dipterocarpus sublamellati
* Hopea dyeri
* Hopea ferruginea
* Hopea mengarawan
* Shorea coriacea
* Shorea crassa
* Shorea faquetiana
* Shorea gibbosa
* Shorea gratissima
* Shorea hopeifolia
* Shorea laevis
* Shorea lamellata
* Shorea leprosula
* Shorea ovalis
* Shorea parvifolia
* Shorea parvistipulata
* Shorea pauciflora
* Shorea pinanga
* Shorea quadrinervis
* Vatica micrantha
* Vatica oblongifolia
# Dracaenaceae
* Dracaena spp.
# Ebenaceae
* Diospyros argentea
* Diospyros bantamensis
* Diospyros buxifolia
* Diospyros confertiflora
* Diospyros diepenhorstii
* Diospyros lanceifolia
* Diospyros maingayi
* Diospyros pilosanthera
* Diospyros sumatrana
* Diospyros yeobi
* Diospyros spp.
# Elaeocarpaceae
* Elaeocarpus floribundus
* Elaeocarpus longipetiolatus
* Elaeocarpus pedunculatus
* Elaeocarpus petiolatus
* Elaeocarpus stipularis
# Ericaceae
* Diplycosia sp.
# Escalloniaceae
* Aporusa subcaudata
* Aporusa sp.
* Baccaurea angulata
* Baccaurea bracteata
* Baccaurea kunstleri
* Baccaurea lanceolata
* Baccaurea latifolia
* Baccaurea macrocarpa
* Baccaurea minor
* Baccaurea parviflora
  * Baccaurea racemosa
* Baccaurea stipulata
* Baccaurea sumatrana
* Baccaurea tempoi
* Blumeodendron kurzii
* Blumeodendron tokbrai
* Chaetocarpus castanocarpus
* Croton argyratus
* Drypetes kikir
* Drypetes laevis
* Drypetes longifolia
* Drypetes microphylla
* Drypetes spp.
* Fahrenheitia pendula
* Glochidion superbum
* Macaranga indistincta
* Macaranga pruinosa
* Macaranga trilobata
* Macaranga sp.
* Mallotus griffithianus
* Mallotus laevigatus
* Mallotus penangensis
* Mallotus philippensis
* Mallotus stipularis
* Mallotus tiliifolius
* Moultonianthus leembruggianus
* Neoscortechinia kingii
* Phyllanthus sp.
* Pimelodendron griffithianum
# Fagaceae
* Castanopsis borneensis
* Castanopsis motleyana
* Lithocarpus cantleyanus
* Lithocarpus conocarpus
* Lithocarpus ewyckii
* Lithocarpus lucidus
* Lithocarpus nieuwenhuisii
* Quercus elmeri
* Quercus subsericea
* Quercus sumatrana
# Flacourtiaceae
* Casearia capitellata
* Flacourtia rukam
* Hydnocarpus sumatrana
* Ryparosa baccaurioides
* Ryparosa javanica
* Ryparosa kostermansii
# Gesneriaceae
* Aeschynanthus sp.
# Gnetaceae
* Gnetum gnemon
* Gnetum spp.
# Guttiferae
* Calophyllum biflorum
* Calophyllum calaba
* Calophyllum gracilipes
* Calophyllum molle
* Calophyllum nodosum
* Calophyllum rigidum
* Calophyllum rubiginosum
* Calophyllum tetrapterum
* Garcinia atroviridis
* Garcinia bancana
* Garcinia cowa
* Garcinia gaudichaudii
* Garcinia nervosa
* Garcinia mangostana
* Garcinia rheedei
* Mammea acuminata
* Mesua calophylloides
* Mesua sp.
# Irvingiaceae
* Irvingia malayana
# Lauraceae
* Actinodaphne macrophylla
* Actinodaphne pruinosa
* Actinodaphne sp.
* Alseodaphne bancana
* Beilschmiedia glabra
* Beilschmiedia longipedicellata
* Beilschmiedia madang
* Beilschmiedia micrantha
* Beilschmiedia splendens
* Beilschmiedia weiringa
* Cinnamomum javanicum
* Cinnamomum zeylanicum
* Cryptocarya crassinervia
* Cryptocarya ferrea
* Cryptocarya nitens
* Dehaasia cuneata
* Endiandra coriacea
* Eusideroxylon zwageri
* Litsea angulata
* Litsea forma
* Litsea oppositifolia
* Litsea sp.
* Nothaphoebe reticulata
# Lecythidaceae
* Barringtonia lanceolata
* Barringtonia reticulata
# Leguminosae – Caesalpinoideae
* Dialium indicum
* Dialium kunstleri
* Dialium platysepalum
* Dialium wallichii
* Koompassia excelsa
* Koompassia malaccensis
* Sindora leiocarpa
* Sindora velutina
# Leguminosae – Mimosoideae
* Archidendron borneense
* Archidendron havilandii
* Archidendron microcarpum
* Parkia singularis
# Leguminosae – Papilionoideae
* Dalbergia discolor
* Fordia splendidissima
* Kunstleria ridleyi
* Ormosia sumatrana
* Spatholobus spp.
# Linaceae
* Hugonia costata
* Indorouchera griffithiana
# Loganiaceae
* Fagraea gigantea
* Fagraea racemosa
* Strychnos ignatii
* Strychnos lucida
* Strychnos sp.
# Magnoliaceae
* Magnolia candollii
* Manglietia glauca
# Marantaceae
* Phrynium basiflorum
* Phrynium capitatum
# Melastomataceae
* Melastoma malabathricum
* Memecylon acuminatissimum
* Memecylon amplexicaule
* Memecylon campanulatum
* Memecylon excelsum
* Memecylon garcinioides
* Memecylon oleifolium
* Memecylon oligoneurum
* Memecylon paniculatum
* Memecylon spp.
* Pternandra azurea
* Pternandra gibbosa
# Meliaceae
* Aglaia borneensis
* Aglaia dookko
* Aglaia eusideroxylon
* Aglaia lawii
* Aglaia palembanica
* Aglaia rubiginosa
* Aglaia spp.
* Dysoxylum cauliflorum
* Dysoxylum spp.
* Reinwardtiodendron humile
* Sandoricum koetjape
* Walsura pinnata
# Menispermaceae
* Arcangelisia sp.
* Coscinium fenestratum
# Moraceae
* Antiaris toxicaria
* Artocarpus anisophyllea
* Artocarpus elasticus
* Artocarpus fulvicortex
* Artocarpus integer
* Artocarpus nitidus
* Artocarpus odoratisimus
* Ficus microcarpa
* Ficus obscura
* Ficus palungensis
* Ficus paracamptophylla
* Ficus parietalis
* Ficus pellucido-punctata
* Ficus pisocarpa
* Ficus punctata
* Ficus recurva
* Ficus retusa
* Ficus ruginerva
* Ficus sagittata
* Ficus schwartzii
* Ficus sinuata
* Ficus spathulifolia * Ficus stolonifera
* Ficus stricta
* Ficus stupenda
* Ficus subgelderi
* Ficus subtecta
* Ficus subulata
* Ficus sundaica
* Ficus tarrenifolia
* Ficus trichocarpa
* Ficus tristanifolia
* Ficus uncinata
* Ficus urnigera
* Ficus variegata
* Ficus villosa
* Ficus xylophylla
* Parartocarpus venenosus
* Prainea frutescens
# Myristicaceae
* Gymnacranthera farquhariana
* Gymnacranthera forbesii
* Horsfieldia crassifolia
* Horsfieldia grandis
* Horsfieldia penangiana
* Horsfieldia polyspherula
* Knema hookeriana
* Knema kunstleri
* Knema latericia
* Knema percoriacea
* Myristica iners
* Myristica maxima
* Myristica villosa
* Myristica sp.
# Myrsinaceae
* Ardisia macrophylla
* Ardisia monticola
* Ardisia spp.
* Labisia pumila
* Maesa ramentacea
# Myrtaceae
* Eugenia bankensii
* Eugenia fastigata
* Eugenia filiformis
* Eugenia glauca
* Eugenia grandis
* Eugenia lineata
* Eugenia palawanense
* Eugenia rugosa
* Eugenia sandakanensis
* Eugenia tawahense
* Eugenia spp.
* Rhodamnia cinerea
* Syzygium alcine
* Syzygium aphanomyrtoides
* Syzygium beccarii
* Syzygium borneense
* Syzygium cerasiformis
* Syzygium chrysanthemum
* Syzygium clavatum
* Syzygium confertum
* Syzygium dyeriana
* Syzygium garcinifolium
* Syzygium gracile
* Syzygium palembanica
* Syzygium perpuncticulatum
* Syzygium pseudosubtilis
* Syzygium valdevenosum
* Tristania whiteana
* Tristania spp.
# Ochnaceae
* Brackenridgea hookeri
* Euthemis leucocarpa
* Gomphia serrata
* Olacaceae
o Anacolosa frutescens
o Ochanostachys amentacea
o Strombosia ceylanica
* Oleaceae
o Chionanthus cuspidatus
o Chionanthus lucens
* Palmae
o Iguanura sp.
o Korthalsia sp.
o Licuala sp.
* Pandaceae
o Galearia fulva
* Podocarpaceae
o Podocarpus neriifolius
o Podocarpus wallichianus
* Polygalaceae
o Xanthophyllum amoenum
o Xanthophyllum griffithi
o Xanthophyllum obscurum
o Xanthophyllum scotichini
o Xanthophyllum stipitatum
* Proteaceae
o Helicia excelsa
o Helicia petiolaris
o Heliciopsis lanceolata
o Heliciopsis velutina
* Rhamnaceae
o Ventilago borneensis
o Ventilago sp.
o Ziziphus sp.
* Rhizophoraceae
o Carallia brachiata
* Rosaceae
o Prunus arborea
o Prunus beccarii
* Rubiaceae
o Canthium sp.
o Gardeniopsis longifolia
o Nauclea orientalis
o Oxyceros sp.
o Psychotria sp.
o Randia sp.
o Tarenna spp.
o Timonius borneensis
o Timonius villamilii
o Urophyllum sp.
* Rutaceae
o Luvunga borneensis
o Luvunga crassifolia
o Paramignya scandens
o Tetractomia tetrandrum
* Santalaceae
o Scleropyrum wallichianum
* Sapindaceae
o Guioa bankensis
o Guioa diplopetala
o Lepisanthes divaricata
o Nephelium laurinum
o Nephelium maingayi
o Nephelium rapaseum
o Pometia pinnata
* Sapotaceae
o Madhuca glaberrima
o Madhuca malacensis
o Palaquium beccarianum
o Palaquium calophyllum
o Palaquium gutta
o Palaquium leiocarpum
o Palaquium obovatum
o Palaquium ridleyi
o Palaquium stellatum
o Payena obscura
o Pouteria firma
o Pouteria malaccensis
o Pouteria sp.
* Simaroubaceae
o Eurycoma longifolia
* Smilacaceae
o Smilax spp.
* Sterculiaceae
o Heritiera simplicofolia
o Scaphium macropodum
o Sterculia macrophylla
o Sterculia rynchophylla
o Sterculia sp.
* Symplocaceae
o Symplocos crassipes
o Symplocos henschelii
o Symplocos sp.
* Tetrameristaceae
o Tetramerista glabra
* Theaceae
o Adinandra dumosa
o Adinandra sarcosanthera
o Gordonia borneensis
o Schima wallichii
o Ternstroemia magnifica
o Ternstroemia sp.
* Thymelaeaceae
o Aquilaria malaccensis
o Enkleia malaccensis
o Gonystylus confusus
o Linostoma pauciflorum
* Tiliaceae
o Grewia blattaefolia
o Grewia cinnamomifolia
o Grewia spp.
o Microcos hirsuita
* Trigoniaceae
o Trigoniastrum hypoleucum
* Ulmaceae
o Gironniera hirta
o Gironniera nervosa
o Gironniera subaequalis
o Trema angustifolia
* Verbenaceae
o Teijsmanniodendron coriaceum
o Vitex gamosepala

Mammals
* Sunda pangolin – Manis javanica
* Moonrat – Echinosorex gymnura
* Southeast Asian white-toothed shrew – Crocidura fuliginosa
* House shrew – Suncus murinus
* Striped treeshrew – Tupaia dorsalis
* Bornean treeshrew – Tupaia longipes
* Ruddy treeshrew – Tupaia splendidula
* Large treeshrew – Tupaia tana
* Malayan flying lemur – Cynocephalus variegatus
* Lesser dog-faced fruit bat – Cynopterus brachyotis
* Horsfield’s fruit bat – Cynopterus horsfieldii
* Large flying fox – Pteropus vampyrus
* Naked-rumped sheath-tail bat – Saccolaimus saccolaimus
* Least leaf-nosed bat – Hipposideros cineraceus
* Hairless bat – Cheiromeles torquatus
* Malayan free-tailed bat – Mops mops
* Woolly horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus luctus
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Proboscis monkey – Nasalis larvatus
* Banded leaf monkey – Presbytis femoralis
* Maroon leaf monkey – Presbytis rubicunda
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Orangutan – Pongo pygmaeus
* Agile gibbon – Hylobates agilis
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Western tarsier – Tarsius bancanus
* Bornean bay cat – Catopuma badia
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Marbled cat – Pardofelis marmorata
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
* Flat-headed cat – Prionailurus planiceps
* Short-tailed mongoose – Herpestes brachyurus
* Collared mongoose – Herpestes semitorquatus
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Amblonyx cinereus
* Hairy-nosed otter – Lutra sumatrana
* Yellow-throated marten – Martes flavigula
* Malayan weasel – Mustela nudipes
* Malayan sunbear – Helarctos malayanus
* Binturong – Arctictis binturong
* Small-toothed palm civet – Arctogalidia trivirgata
* Otter-civet – Cynogale bennettii
* Banded palm civet – Hemigalus derbyanus
* Masked palm civet – Paguma larvata
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Banded linsang – Prionodon linsang
* Malay civet – Viverra tangalunga
* Bornean yellow muntjac – Muntiacus atherodes
* Sambar deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Bearded pig – Sus barbatus
* Lesser mouse deer – Tragulus javanicus
* Greater mouse deer – Tragulus napu
* Common short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix brachyura
* Thick-spined porcupine – Hystrix crassispinis
* Long-tailed porcupine – Trichys fasciculata
* Pencil-tailed tree mouse – Chiropodomys gliroides
* Grey tree rat – Lenothrix canus
* Long-tailed giant rat – Leopoldamys sabanus
* Small spiny rat – Maxomys baeodon
* Brown spiny rat – Maxomys rajah
* Red spiny rat – Maxomys surifer
* Whitehead’s rat – Maxomys whiteheadi
* Pencil-tailed rat – Niviventer cremoriventer
* M∩┐╜s rat – Sundamys m∩┐╜
* Black flying squirrel – Aeromys tephromelas
* Thomas’ flying squirrel – Aeromys thomasi
* Red giant flying squirrel – Petaurista petaurista
* Plaintain squirrel – Callosciurus notatus
* Prevost’s squirrel – Callosciurus prevostii
* Least pygmy squirrel – Exilisciurus exilis
* Three-striped ground squirrel – Lariscus insignis
* Black-eared pygmy squirrel – Nannosciurus melanotis
* Tufted ground squirrel – Rheithrosciurus macrotis
* Shrew-faced squirrel – Rhinosciurus laticaudatus
* Horse-tailed squirrel – Sundasciurus hippurus
* Low’s squirrel – Sundasciurus lowii
* Slender squirrel – Sundasciurus tenuis
* Pale giant squirrel – Ratufa affinis
 

Birds
* Black Patridge – Melanoperdix nigra
* Crested Partridge – Rollulus rouloul
* Crestless Fireback – Lophura erythrophthalma
* Crested Fireback – Lophura ignita
* Bornean Peacock-Pheasant – Polyplectron schleiermacheri
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* Lesser Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna javanica
* Malaysian Honeyguide – Indicator archipelagicus
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* Grey-capped Woodpecker – Dendrocopos canicapillus
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Banded Woodpecker – Picus mineaceus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker – Picus puniceus
* Checker-throated Woodpecker – Picus mentalis
* Olive-backed Woodpecker – Dinopium rafflesii
* Common Flameback – Dinopium javanense
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* Grey-and-buff Woodpecker – Hemicircus concretus
* Great Slaty Woodpecker – Mulleripicus pulverulentus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* Red-crowned Barbet – Megalaima rafflesii
* Red-throated Barbet – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Yellow-crowned Barbet – Megalaima henricii
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Oriental Pied-Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostri
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* White-crowned Hornbill – Aceros comatus
* Wrinkled Hornbill – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Red-naped Trogon – Harpactes kasumba
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* [Dollarbird] – Eurystomus orientalis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* [Black-backed Kingfisher] – Ceyx erithacus
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Banded Kingfisher – Lacedo pulchella
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* Red-bearded Bee-eater – Nyctyornis amictus
* [Blue-tailed Bee-eater] – Merops philippinus
* Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus fugax
* Indian Cuckoo – Cuculus micropterus
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Rusty-breasted Cuckoo – Cacomantis sepulcralis
* Violet Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Black-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus diardi
* Raffles’s Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* Bornean Ground-Cuckoo – Carpococcyx radiatus
* Short-toed Coucal – Centropus rectunguis
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* White-throated Needletail – Hirundapus caudacutus
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Barred Eagle-Owl – Bubo sumatranus
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Brown Wood-Owl – Strix leptogrammica
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* Large Frogmouth – Batrachostomus auritus
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Large Green-Pigeon – Treron capellei
* Jambu Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus jambu
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Mountain Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula badia
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus

* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* [Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle] – Spizaetus alboniger
* Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus nanus
* Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* [Schrenck’s Bittern] – Ixobrychus eurhythmus
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
* Giant Pitta – Pitta caerulea
* Blue-headed Pitta – Pitta baudii
* Blue-banded Pitta – Pitta arquata
* Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
* Dusky Broadbill – Corydon sumatranus
* Black-and-red Broadbill – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
* Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
* Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
* Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
* Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
* Greater Green Leafbird – Chloropsis sonnerati
* Lesser Green Leafbird – Chloropsis cyanopogon
* Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
* Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
* Mangrove Whistler – Pachycephala grisola
* Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
* Black Magpie – Platysmurus leucopterus
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Bornean Bristlehead – Pityriasis gymnocephala
* Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Lesser Cuckooshrike – Coracina fimbriata
* Fiery Minivet – Pericrocotus igneus
* Scarlet Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
* Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike – Hemipus hirundinaceus
* White-throated Fantail – Rhipidura albicollis
* Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
* Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
* Ashy Drongo – Dicrurus leucophaeus
* Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
* [Hair-crested Drongo] – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
* Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
* Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
* Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
* Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
* Large Woodshrike – Tephrodornis gularis
* Orange-headed Thrush – Zoothera citrina
* Scaly Thrush – Zoothera dauma
* Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
* Dark-sided Flycatcher – Muscicapa sibirica
* Verditer Flycatcher – Eumyias thalassina
* White-tailed Flycatcher – Cyornis concretus
* Bornean Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis superbus
* Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
* Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa ceylonensis
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
* Rufous-tailed Shama – Trichixos pyrropyga
* Chestnut-naped Forktail – Enicurus ruficapillus
* White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
* Velvet-fronted Nuthatch – Sitta frontalis
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
* Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
* Scaly-breasted Bulbul – Pycnonotus squamatus
* Grey-bellied Bulbul – Pycnonotus cyaniventris
* Puff-backed Bulbul – Pycnonotus eutilotus
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
* Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
* Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
* Finsch’s Bulbul – Alophoixus finschii
* Grey-cheeked Bulbul – Alophoixus bres
* Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
* Hook-billed Bulbul – Setornis criniger
* Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
* Buff-vented Bulbul – Iole olivacea
* Streaked Bulbul – Ixos malaccensis
* Yellow-bellied Prinia – Prinia flaviventris
* Oriental White-eye – Zosterops palpebrosus
* Dark-necked Tailorbird – Orthotomus atrogularis
* Rufous-tailed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sericeus
* Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
* Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
* Yellow-bellied Warbler – Abroscopus superciliaris
* [White-chested Babbler] – Trichastoma rostratum
* Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
* Horsfield’s Babbler – Malacocincla sepiarium
* Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
* Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
* Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
* Sooty-capped Babbler – Malacopteron affine
* Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
* Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
* Grey-breasted Babbler – Malacopteron albogulare
* Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler – Pomatorhinus montanus
* Bornean Wren-Babbler – Ptilocichla leucogrammica
* Striped Wren-Babbler – Kenopia striata
* Grey-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigriceps
* Grey-headed Babbler – Stachyris poliocephala
* White-necked Babbler – Stachyris leucotis
* Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
* Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
* Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
* Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
* Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
* Brown Fulvetta – Alcippe brunneicauda
* Chestnut-crested Yuhina – Yuhina everetti
* White-bellied Yuhina – Yuhina zantholeuca
* Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
* Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus percussus
* Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker – Prionochilus xanthopygius
* Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus thoracicus
* Brown-backed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum everetti
* Yellow-vented Flowerpecker – Dicaeum chrysorrheum
* Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
* Plain Flowerpecker – Dicaeum concolor
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
* Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
* Purple-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia sperata
* Copper-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia calcostetha
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Temminck’s Sunbird – Aethopyga temminckii
* Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
* Thick-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera crassirostris
* Long-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera robusta
* Spectacled Spiderhunter – Arachnothera flavigaster
* Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera c

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