Kutai National Park Introduction

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Kalimantan Kutai National Park with 0 Comments

Kutai National Park

Introduction

General
The almost 200,000 ha Kutai National Park lies in East Kalimantan province. The park has a stirring history.
In the early seventies an area of 300,000 ha was protected and named the Kutai Game Reserve. This protection did not prevent that one third of the forest was cut in subsequent years. Trying to prevent a further decline the Kutai National Park was established in 1982. However, great wood fires destroyed 60% of the protected forests in 1982/1983. Nowadays the forest is recovering and Kutai National Park is certainly worth a visit.
The main habitat in the park is primary and secondary tropical rainforest, although all habitats of East Kalimantan can be found. At the coast the vegetation consists of mangrove swamps, backed by freshwater swamp. Kerangas can also be found. There are a few lakes in the reserve: Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan.
Several species of primates and probably more than 80% of the bird species of Borneo can be seen.
Access
Kutai National Park is one of the easy accessible parks on Kalimantan. You reach it from Bontang, a industry city north of Samarinda. To get to Bontang take a bus from Lempake station or take a boat from Seberang station, both in Samarinda.
At the PHPA office in Bontang you can get a permit, guides and advice about tours through the park.
Accomodation
* Bontang
o Hotel Equator
o Hotel Kutai Indah
* Kutai National Park
o Simple accomodation and meals at the PHPA posts
Trekking
Accompanied by a obligatory PHPA guide you can make several treks through the park. Inquire at the PHPA office in Bontang.

Flora

* Anacardiaceae
o Mangifera spp.
* Avicenniaceae
o Avicennia spp.
* Bombacaceae
o Durio spp.
* Datiscaceae
o Octomeles spp.
* Dipterocarpaceae
o Dipterocarpus spp.

* Guttiferae
o Garcinia mangostana
* Hanguanaceae
o Hanguana malayana
* Lauraceae
o Eusideroxylon zwageri
* Lecythidaceae
o Barringtonia spp.
* Lythraceae
o Sonneratia spp. * Myrtaceae
o Eugenia spp.
* Nepenthaceae
o Nepenthes spp.
* Palmae
o Nypa fruticans
* Rhizophoraceae
o Bruguiera spp.
o Rhizophora spp.
* Sterculiaceae
o Pterospermum spp.

Mammals
* Ruddy treeshrew – Tupaia splendidula
* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Proboscis monkey – Nasalis larvatus
* White-fronted leaf monkey – Presbytis frontata
* Hose’s leaf monkey – Presbytis hosei
* Maroon leaf monkey – Presbytis rubicunda
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Orangutan – Pongo pygmaeus
* Bornean gibbon – Hylobates muelleri
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Western tarsier – Tarsius bancanus
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Marbled cat – Pardofelis marmorata
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
* Flat-headed cat – Prionailurus planiceps
* Short-tailed mongoose – Herpestes brachyurus
* Collared mongoose – Herpestes semitorquatus
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Amblonyx cinereus
* Smooth-coated otter – Lutrogale perspicillata
* Yellow-throated marten – Martes flavigula
* Malayan weasel – Mustela nudipes
* Malayan sunbear – Helarctos malayanus
* Binturong – Arctictis binturong
* Otter civet – Cynogale bennettii
* Banded palm civet – Hemigalus derbyanus
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Sumatran rhinoceros – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis [extinct now]
* Banteng – Bos javanicus
* Sambar – Cervus unicolor
* Bornean yellow muntjac – Muntiacus atherodes
* Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Bearded pig – Sus barbatus
* Lesser mouse deer – Tragulus javanicus
* Large mouse deer – Tragulus napu
* Common short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix brachyura
* Thick-spined porcupine – Hystrix crassispinis
* Grey-bellied pencil-tailed tree mouse – Chiropodomys muroides
* Greater ranee mouse – Haeromys margarettae
* Lesser ranee mouse – Haeromys pusillus
* Chestnut-bellied spiny rat – Maxomys ochraceiventer
* Brown spiny rat – Maxomys rajah
* Whitehead’s rat – Maxomys whiteheadi
* Black rat – Rattus rattus
* Malaysian field rat – Rattus tiomanicus
* Black flying squirrel – Aeromys tephromelas
* Thomas’s flying squirrel – Aeromys thomasi
* Red giant flying squirrel – Petaurista petaurista
* Whiskered flying squirrel – Petinomys genibarbis
* Plaintain squirrel – Callosciurus notatus
* Prevost’s squirrel – Callosciurus prevostii
* Plain pygmy squirrel – Exilisciurus exilis
* Three-striped ground squirrel – Lariscus insignis
* Black-eared pygmy squirrel – Nannosciurus melanotis
* Brooke’s squirrel – Sundasciurus brookei
* Horse-tailed squirrel – Sundasciurus hippurus
* Low’s squirrel – Sundasciurus lowii
* Slender squirrel – Sundasciurus tenuis
* Common giant squirrel – Ratufa affinis

Possibly
* Bornean black-banded squirrel – Callosciurus orestes

Birds
* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Crested Patridge – Rollulus rouloul
* Crested Fireback – Lophura ignita
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* Malaysian Honeyguide – Indicator archipelagicus
* Speckled Piculet – Picumnus innominatus
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* Sunda Woodpecker – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Grey-capped Woodpecker – Dendrocopos canicapillus
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Banded Woodpecker – Picus mineaceus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker – Picus puniceus
* Checker-throated Woodpecker – Picus mentalis
* Olive-backed Woodpecker – Dinopium rafflesii
* Common Flameback – Dinopium javanense
* Greater Flameback – Chrysocolaptes lucidus
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* Grey-and-buff Woodpecker – Hemicircus concretus
* Great Slaty Woodpecker – Mulleripicus pulverulentus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* Red-crowned Barbet – Megalaima rafflesii
* Red-throated Barbet – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Yellow-crowned Barbet – Megalaima henricii
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Oriental Pied-Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* White-crowned Hornbill – Aceros comatus
* Wrinkled Hornbill – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Red-naped Trogon – Harpactes kasumba
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Cinnamon-rumped Trogon – Harpactes orrhophaeus
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* Orange-breasted Trogon – Harpactes oreskios
* Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* Black-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx erithacus
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Banded Kingfisher – Lacedo pulchella
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* Red-bearded Bee-eater – Nyctyornis amictus
* Blue-throated Bee-eater – Merops viridis
* Chestnut-winged Cuckoo – Clamator coromandus
* Large Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus sparverioides
* Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus vagans
* Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo – Cuculus fugax
* Indian Cuckoo – Cuculus micropterus
* Oriental Cuckoo – Cuculus saturatus
* Banded Bay Cuckoo – Cacomantis sonneratii
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Rusty-breasted Cuckoo – Cacomantis sepulcralis
* Little Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx minutillus
* Horsfield’s Bronze-Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx basalis
* Violet Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Black-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus diardi
* Chestnut-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* Raffles’s Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* Short-toed Coucal – Centropus rectunguis
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Red-breasted Parakeet – Psittacula alexandri
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Black-nest Swiftlet – Aerodramus maximus
* Edible-nest Swiftlet – Aerodramus fuciphagus
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* Brown-backed Needletail – Hirundapus giganteus
* Asian Palm-Swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* Fork-tailed Swift – Apus pacificus
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Brown Wood-Owl – Strix leptogrammica
* Large Frogmouth – Batrachostomus auritus
* Gould’s Frogmouth – Batrachostomus stellatus
* Blyth’s Frogmouth – Batrachostomus affinis
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* Grey Nightjar – Caprimulgus indicus
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Savanna Nightjar – Caprimulgus affinis
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Zebra Dove – Geopelia striata
* Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon – Treron fulvicollis
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Large Green-Pigeon – Treron capellei
* Jambu Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus jambu
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Red-legged Crake – Rallina fasciata
* Slaty-breasted Rail – Gallirallus striatus
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Baillon’s Crake – Porzana pusilla
* Ruddy-breasted Crake – Porzana fusca
* Band-bellied Crake – Porzana paykullii
* Pintail Snipe – Gallinago stenura

* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Grey-tailed Tattler – Tringa brevipes
* Malaysian Plover – Charadrius peronii
* Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter soloensis
* Besra – Accipiter virgatus
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Rufous-bellied Eagle – Hieraaetus kienerii
* Changeable Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus cirrhatus
* Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus alboniger
* Wallace’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus nanus
* Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
* Chinese Egret – Egretta eulophotes
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Giant Pitta – Pitta caerulea
* Banded Pitta – Pitta guajana
* Blue-headed Pitta – Pitta baudii
* Hooded Pitta – Pitta sordida
* Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
* Blue-winged Pitta – Pitta moluccensis
* Dusky Broadbill – Corydon sumatranus
* Black-and-red Broadbill – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
* Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
* Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
* Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
* Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
* Greater Green Leafbird – Chloropsis sonnerati
* Lesser Green Leafbird – Chloropsis cyanopogon
* Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
* Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
* Black Magpie – Platysmurus leucopterus
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* Bornean Bristlehead – Pityriasis gymnocephala
* Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
* Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike – Coracina striata
* Ashy Minivet – Pericrocotus divaricatus
* Fiery Minivet – Pericrocotus igneus
* Scarlet Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
* Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike – Hemipus hirundinaceus
* White-throated Fantail – Rhipidura albicollis
* Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
* Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
* Crow-billed Drongo – Dicrurus annectans
* Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
* Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
* Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
* Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
* Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
* Large Woodshrike – Tephrodornis gularis
* Chestnut-capped Thrush – Zoothera interpres
* Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
* Narcissus Flycatcher – Ficedula narcissina
* Rufous-chested Flycatcher – Ficedula dumetoria
* Verditer Flycatcher – Eumyias thalassina
* White-tailed Flycatcher – Cyornis concretus
* Pale Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis unicolor
* Hill Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis banyumas
* Bornean Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis superbus
* Large-billed Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis caerulatus
* Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
* Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis rufigastra
* Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher – Muscicapella hodgsoni
* Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa ceylonensis
* Siberian Blue Robin – Luscinia cyane
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
* Rufous-tailed Shama – Trichixos pyrropyga
* Chestnut-naped Forktail – Enicurus ruficapillus
* White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
* Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
* Sand Martin – Riparia riparia
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Straw-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus zeylanicus
* Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
* Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
* Black-crested Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanicterus
* Grey-bellied Bulbul – Pycnonotus cyaniventris
* Puff-backed Bulbul – Pycnonotus eutilotus
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
* Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
* Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
* Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
* Finsch’s Bulbul – Alophoixus finschii
* Ochraceous Bulbul – Alophoixus ochraceus
* Grey-cheeked Bulbul – Alophoixus bres
* Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
* Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
* Buff-vented Bulbul – Iole olivacea
* Streaked Bulbul – Ixos malaccensis
* Ashy Bulbul – Hemixos flavala
* Dark-necked Tailorbird – Orthotomus atrogularis
* Rufous-tailed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sericeus
* Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
* Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush – Garrulax mitratus
* White-chested Babbler – Trichastoma rostratum
* Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
* Abbott’s Babbler – Malacocincla abbotti
* Horsfield’s Babbler – Malacocincla sepiarium
* Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
* Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
* Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
* Sooty-capped Babbler – Malacopteron affine
* Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
* Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
* Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler – Pomatorhinus montanus
* Bornean Wren-Babbler – Ptilocichla leucogrammica
* Striped Wren-Babbler – Kenopia striata
* Eyebrowed Wren-Babbler – Napothera epilepidota
* Rufous-fronted Babbler – Stachyris rufifrons
* Grey-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigriceps
* Grey-headed Babbler – Stachyris poliocephala
* White-necked Babbler – Stachyris leucotis
* Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
* Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
* Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
* Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
* Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
* White-browed Shrike-Babbler – Pteruthius flaviscapis
* Brown Fulvetta – Alcippe brunneicauda
* Chestnut-crested Yuhina – Yuhina everetti
* White-bellied Yuhina – Yuhina zantholeuca
* Australasian Lark – Mirafra javanica
* Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
* Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus percussus
* Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus thoracicus
* Yellow-vented Flowerpecker – Dicaeum chrysorrheum
* Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
* Plain Flowerpecker – Dicaeum concolor
* Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum cruentatum
* Plain Sunbird – Anthreptes simplex
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Red-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes rhodolaema
* Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
* Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
* Purple-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia sperata
* Copper-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia calcostetha
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Temminck’s Sunbird – Aethopyga temminckii
* Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
* Thick-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera crassirostris
* Long-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera robusta
* Spectacled Spiderhunter – Arachnothera flavigaster
* Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera chrysogenys
* Grey-breasted Spiderhunter – Arachnothera affinis
* Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
* Pin-tailed Parrotfinch – Erythrura prasina
* Dusky Munia – Lonchura fuscans
* White-bellied Munia – Lonchura leucogastra
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla

Possibly
* Bulwer’s Pheasant – Lophura bulweri

Reptiles
* Crested Lizard – Bronchocela cristatella
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Ghavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

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