Central Java, Bengkawah waterfalls, Sikasur village, Belik, Pemalang

Written by on July 12, 2012 in Java Waterfalls, Lakes with 0 Comments

Central Java, Bengkawah waterfalls, Sikasur village, Belik, Pemalang

Bengkawah-Waterfalls-01

Another regency in Central Java is Pemalang, having the capital with the same name. Pemalang is bounded with Java Ocean in north, Pekalongan regency in east, Purbalingga in south and Tegal regency in west.

Like the larger cities of Tegal, to its west, and Pekalongan, to the east, Pemalang was dominated in the nineteenth century by sugar production. The area was known for its fertile soil, which had made it to be rich rice-growing region. By the end of the nineteenth century the coastal plain, the most fertile part of the regency, it was almost completely used for sugar cultivation, divided among five major plantations. Under the Japanese occupation during World War II, Pemalang’s fertility provided needed rice for the Japanese war effort. The occupiers set high quotas for production, causing food shortages because little was left to remain in the village after meeting the quota.

On pre historic time, Pemalang existence can be proven based on archaeological finds in prehistoric times. The founding are in the form of terraces and baths punden in southwest in Moga district. In addition, the archaeological evidence indicates the existence of the elements of Islamic culture that shown in the tomb of Sheikh Maulana Maghribi in Kawedanan Comal. Then the grave Rohidin, Sayyid Ngali, the uncle of Sunan Ampel who also had a mission to convert the local population into Islam.

The resident population as rural settlements had regularly appeared in the early centuries in the period of centuries XIV and XV, and then growing rapidly in the sixteenth century, which was in the increased development of Islam in Java under the Kingdom of Demak, Cirebon and later Mataram.

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