Ujun Kulon National Park and Krakatau

Written by on November 19, 2010 in Java Ujung Kulon National Park with 0 Comments

Ujun Kulon National Park and Krakatau

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General
Ujung Kulon National Park is the first national park, founded in Indonesia. The park (80,000 ha) lies on a peninsula in south-west Java and includes the islands Pulau Peucang, Pulau Panaitan and the Krakatau archipelago. On 1 February, 1992, the Proposed Ujung Kulon National Park complex and the Krakatau Islands Nature Reserve were declared a World Heritage Site.
The borders on the north, south and west side of Ujung Kulon are made up by the Indian Ocean. The Honje mountain range, including the highest point of the park Gunung Honje (620 m), forms the eastern border. The Indian Ocean is the main access route.
Habitats in the park consists of lowland rainforest, swamp, mangrove and beach forest. Round Pulau Peucang and Pulau Panaitan you’ll be able to snorkel and dive among beautiful coral reefs. Vegetation on Pulau Panaitan consists of dry-beach forest, mangrove forest and lowland rain forest which is characterized by an abudance of palms. On Anak Krakatau, the island that came into existence after the Krakatau exploded, flora and fauna are still young. Small animals and birds gradually colonize the lava island. The principal flora consists of grasslands, beach forest, lowland rain forest and moss forests at the higher altitudes.
The most important reason to declare Ujung Kulon a National Park is the existence of one of the last populations of Javan Rhinoceroses in the area. The population of these extremely endangered animals in Ujung Kulon is estimated to be 50-60.
The best time to visit the park is April to August. Then, the sea is calm and you won’t get seasick. In Ujung Kulon you’ll find accommodation, but you should take food with you.
Access
Ujung Kulon National Park is accessible by boat (5-6 hour) from Labuan. You can get to Labuan by minibus from Jakarta (3-4 hour) or Bogor. An other possibility is to take a bus with destination Merak from Kalideres bus station in Jakarta. Get out in Cilegon and from there catch a bus to Labuan.The boat from Labuan leaves for Pulau Peucang or Tamanjaya.
Coming from Sumatra by ferry, your journey will end in Merak. From Merak, take the bus to Jakarta, jump off in Cilegon and from there see above. There may be minibuses going all the way from Merak to Labuan.
A cheaper alternative to access the park runs over land. From Labuan you may take the HM minibus (from Serang bus station) or a taxi to Tamanjaya (about Rp. 25,000, 3,5 hrs.). In Tamanjaya you’ll be able to arrange a boat to Pulau Peucang (Rp. 700,000), Pulau Handeleum (Rp. 200,000) or Pulau Panaitan (Rp. 900,000); mooring and boat entry permits are not included. Krakatau is best visited from Labuan.
Permits, local guides speaking only bahasa Indonesia (about Rp. 30,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included), English speaking guides (Rp. 100,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included) and accommodation can be arranged at the PHPA office in Labuan, or at Kagum in Jakarta (see below).

Accommodation
* Pulau Peucang
o PHPA Lodges plus restaurant
* Pulau Handeleum
o PHPA Guesthouse
* Tamanjaya
o Sunda Jaya Homestay
About 100 meters from the main road. Prices (2004): Rp. 30.000,- (double) and Rp. 100.000 (double including private toilet, living room and fan), breakfast excluded.
o Wisma Wisata Alam is the first sea side lodge in Tamanjaya. They have four simple sea view rooms and one room inside the house (no private toilet). Room rates are Rp. 30.000,- (single) and 35.000,- (double) including breakfast, tea or coffee (all day). This simple guesthouse also has a shelter right in front of the beach. Since January 2004, this guesthouse is run by Koperasi Gema Umat (Kagum),which is affliated with WWF Ujungkulon.
Kagum
Tel: +62 86 812 113 378 (Warca Dinata, the rhino carving man)
Mirza Sharz is the representative of Kagum in Jakarta/Bekasi. He can also organize trips to Ujung Kulon (ticket, guide, boat, meals, etc.).
He may be contacted at amsharz@yahoo.com
For more information about Kagum, please contact:
Mr. Adi Rahmat – Project Executant WWF Ujungkulon
ahariyadi@wwf.or.id
o Guesthouse Alumbio the most luxurious accomodation in Tamanjaya. They have 5 large comfortable rooms (with 4 beds in each room), toilet and AC.
* Cegog
o Cegog Guesthouse
* Rancecet
o Rancecet Guesthouse
* Citalang and Nyawaan
Camp sites
In Citadahan and Karangranjang, there are some small bivouacs, build at the trekking routes.
Addresses
PHPA Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon Jl. Perintis Kermedekaan 51, Labuan
Regional Office of Nature Conservation II, Jl. Raja H. Mena No. 1/B, Tanjung Karang, Lampung
WWF, Km 13, Labuan
Kagum, Tel: +62 86 812 113 378, Email: amsharz@yahoo.com
Trekking
* Cidaun (near Pulau Peucang) – Karangranjang – Tamanjaya 3 days
* Tamanjaya – Kalejetan – Karangranjang – Tamanjaya 2 days
* Ciujungkulon – Gunung Payung – Cibunar – Ciujungkulon 1 day
* boat trip over the Cigenter river

Flora
Ujung Kulon National Park

* Achasma spp.
* Aglaia spp.
* Aphanamixis spp.
* Arenga obtusifolia
* Arenga pinnata
* Asplenium nidus
* Avicennia spp.
* Barringtonia asiatica
* Bruguiera spp.
* Calamus sp.
* Calophyllum inophyllum
* Canavalia maritima
* Castanopsis sp.
* Cayota mitis
* Gebang – Corypha utan
* Cyperus pilosus
* Cyperus spp.
* Dendrocalamus sp.
* Dillenia excelsa
* Diospyros macrophylla
* Diospyros spp.
* Dipterocarpus gracilis
* Dipterocarpus hasseltii
* Eugenia spp.
* Eurya spp.
* Fagraea racemosa
* Ficus spp.
* Freycinetia sp.
* Guettarda speciosa
* Hernandia peltata
* Hibiscus tiliaceus
* Intsia bijuga
* Ipomoea pes-caprae
* Lagerstroemia flosreginae
* Lagerstroemia speciosa
* Lontana camara
* Lumnitzera racemosa
* Nicolaia spp.
* Nipa palm – Nypa fruticans
* Oncosperma spp.
* Pandanus tectorius
* P. spp.
* Parinari corymbosum
* Pentace polyantha
* Planchonia valida
* Podocarpus neriifolius
* Pongamia pinnata
* Pterospermum diversifolium
* Pterospermum javanicum
* Rhizophora spp.
* Rinorea lanceolata
* Sonneratia alba
* Sonneratia spp.
* Spinifex littoreus
* Syzygium sp.
* Ketapang – Terminalia catappa
* Turpinia sphaerocarpa
* Typha angustifolia
* Vitex pubescens
* Ginger or Jahe – Zingiber officinale

Krakatau Nature Reserve

* Avicennia spp.
* Bruguiera spp.
* Cemara – Casuarina euqisetifolia
* Hibiscus tiliaceus
* Imperata cylindrica
* Ipomoea pres-caprae
* Ischaemum spp.
* Neonauclea calycina
* Pandanus tectorius
* Rhizophora spp.
* Spirifex littoreus

Amphibians

* Indonesian Toad – Bufo biporcatus
* Kalophrynus pleurostigma
* Kaloula baleata
* Microhyla palmipes
* Mangrove Frog – Fejervarya cancrivora
* Fejervarya limnocharis
* Malaya Wart Frog – Limnonectes macrodon
* Limnonectes microdiscus
* Occidozyga laevis
* Rana nicobariensis
* Polypedates leucomystax

Fishes

* Angelfish – Pomacanthidae
* Barracuda – Sphyraenidae
* Batfish – Ephippidae
o Platax junnatus
o Platax orbicularis
* Butterflyfish – Chaetodontidae
* Flying Fish
* Moorish Idol – Zanclus cornutus
* Mudskipper – Periophthalmus
* Tuna – Scombridae
* Triggerfish – Balistidae
o Odonis niger
o Balistoides niger
* Whale Shark – Rhincodon typus

Invertebrates

* Cowries – Stromus spp.
* Lamlas spp.
* Nautilus spp.

Corals

* Acropora spp.
* Pocillopora spp.
* Millepora platyphylla
* Porites lutea
* Sea fan – Gorgonacea sp.
* Favia sp.
* Favites sp.
* Dipluria sp.
* Turbinaria sp.
* Echinopora sp.

Mammals

* Common treeshrew – Tupaia glis
* Malayan flying lemur – Cynocephalus variegatus
* Lesser dog-faced fruit bat – Cynopterus brachyotis
* Large flying fox – Pteropus vampyrus
* Malayan false vampire bat – Megaderma spasma
* Flat-headed bat – Tylonycteris pachypus
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Javan leaf monkey – Presbytis comata
* Ebony leaf monkey – Trachypithecus auratus
* Javan gibbon – Hylobates moloch
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Asiatic wild dog – Cuon alpinus
* Leopard – Panthera pardus
* Fishing cat – Prionailurus viverrinus
* Javan mongoose – Herpestes javanicus
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Amblonyx cinereus
* Binturong – Arctictis binturong
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Dugong – Dugong dugon
* Javan rhinoceros – Rhinoceros sondaicus
* Banteng – Bos javanicus
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Javan warty pig – Sus verrucosus
* Lesser mousedeer – Tragulus javanicus
* House rat – Rattus rattus
* Plaintain squirrel – Callosciurus notatus
* Black giant squirrel – Ratufa bicolor

Birds

* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Green Junglefowl – Gallus varius
* Green Peafowl – Pavo muticus
* Barred Buttonquail – Turnix suscitator
* Sunda Woodpecker – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Great Slaty Woodpecker – Mulleripicus pulverulentus
* Black-banded Barbet – Megalaima javensis
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Oriental Pied Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Orange-breasted Trogon – Harpactes oreskios
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Javan Kingfisher – Halcyon cyanoventris
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Blue-throated Bee-eater – Merops viridis
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Sunda Coucal – Centropus nigrorufus
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Asian Palm-Swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Spotted Wood-Owl – Strix seloputo
* Javan Owlet – Glaucidium castanopterum
* Javan Frogmouth – Batrachostomus javensis
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Island Collared-Dove – Streptopelia bitorquata
* Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia emiliana
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Nicobar Pigeon – Caloenas nicobarica
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Large Green-Pigeon – Treron capellei
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Ruddy-breasted Crake – Porzana fusca
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Ruddy Turnstone – Arenaria interpres
* Pheasant-tailed Jacana – Hydrophasianus chirurgus
* Beach Thick-knee – Esacus neglectus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
* Sanderling – Calidris alba
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* Bridled Tern – Sterna anaethetus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
* Oriental Honey-buzzard – Pernis ptilorhyncus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Oriental Hobby – Falco severus
* Peregrine Falcon – Falco peregrinus
* Red-footed Booby – Sula sula
* Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Malayan Night-Heron – Gorsachius melanolophus
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Intermediate Egret – Ardea intermedia
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Wilson’s Storm-Petrel – Oceanites oceanicus
* Banded Pitta – Pitta guajana
* Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
* Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Mangrove Whistler – Pachycephala grisola
* Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Wood-Swallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Javan Cuckooshrike – Coracina javensis
* Small Minivet – Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
* Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
* Orange-headed Thrush – Zoothera citrina
* Hill Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis banyumas
* Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis rufigastra
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
* White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
* Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
* Olive-backed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sepium
* Horsfield’s Babbler – Malacocincla sepiarium
* Temminck’s Babbler – Pellorneum pyrrogenys
* Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
* Large Wren-Babbler – Napothera macrodactyla
* White-breasted Babbler – Stachyris grammiceps
* Grey-cheeked Tit-babbler – Macronous flavicollis
* Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
* Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trochileum
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
* Forest Wagtail – Dendronanthus indicus
* Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
* Pin-tailed Parrotfinch – Erythrura prasina

Reptiles

* Black Marsh Turtle – Siebenrockiella crassicollis
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Draco haematopogon
* Common Flying Lizard – Draco volans
* Gonocephalus chamaeleontinus
* Cyrtodactylus marmoratus
* Four-clawed Gecko – Gehyra mutilata
* Tokay – Gekko gecko
* House Gecko – Hemidactylus frenatus
* Indo-Pacific Tree Gecko – Hemiphyllodactylus typus
* Lepidodactylus lugubris
* Six-lined Grass Lizard – Takydromus sexlineatus
* Mangrove Skink – Emoia atrocostata
* Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata
* Striped Sun Skink – Mabuya rugifera
* Sphenomorphus sanctus
* Sphenomorphus temminckii
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Rock Python – Python molurus
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus
* Green Whip Snake – Ahaetulla prasina
* Mangrove Cat Snake – Boiga dendrophila
* Paradise Flying Snake – Chrysopelea paradisi
* Painted Bronze-back – Dendrelaphis pictus
* Mock Viper – Psammodynastes pulverulentus
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Gavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

Pulau Panaitan

Latitude : 6 34 48 S Logitude : 105 12 0 E
Altitude : 0 to 320 metres
Area : 17500 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Legislation : Mentan, 6-3-1980.
Tenure : Managed by PHPA
Site Description
Panaitan is a relatively large offshore island, some 10km northwest of Ujung Kulon. It has sandy beaches (coral sand), a large bay and hills. The vegetation consist of dry-beach forest, mangrove forest and lowland rain forest. The rain forest is characterized by an abudance of palms, in particular Arenga and Oncosperma. The drainage into the sea may be highly inadequate because of the coral ridges along the coast which shut off large areas from the sea and often make only underground drainage possible. Principal vegetation: Sonneratia, Avicennia, Nypa fruticans.
Site Location
Pulau Panaitan is located on the North of Ujung Kulon National Park, West Java.

List of Birds (47 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Actitis hypoleucos
Alcedo meninting
Anhinga melanogaster Lower Risk
Anthracoceros albirostris App II
Anthreptes singalensis
Ardea cinerea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Buceros rhinoceros App II
Calidris alba
Charadrius alexandrinus
Charadrius leschenaultii
Charadrius mongolus
Charadrius peronii Lower Risk
Corvus enca
Criniger bres
Dicrurus paradiseus
Ducula aenea
Egretta sacra
Esacus magnirostris
Falco peregrinus App I
Fregata ariel
Gallus varius Gelochelidon nilotica
Halcyon chloris
Halcyon coromanda
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Hemipus hirundinaceus
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus Lower Risk App II
Ketupa ketupu App II
Macropygia phaisanella
Megalaima javensis Lower Risk
Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable App I
Numenius phaeopus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Pandion haliaetus App II
Pavo muticus Vulnerable App II
Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Pluvialis dominica
Pycnonotus brunneus
Rhyticeros undulatus
Sasia abnormis
Stachyris grammiceps Vulnerable
Stachyris rufifrons
Sterna bergii

List of Mammals (9 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Callosciurus notatus
Cuon alpinus Vulnerable App II
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
Panthera pardus Endengered App I
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Ratufa bicolor App II
Sus scrofa
Tragulus javanicus

List of Fish (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ctenochaetus strigosus

List of Amphibians (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Rana sp.

List of Reptiles (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Mabuya sp.
Python sp.
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Avicennia sp.
Nypa fruticans
Sonneratia sp.

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